To explore the influence of drifts on ion flows in the DIII-D divertor and Scrape-Off-Layer (SOL), a calibrated Coherence Imaging System (CIS) views the lower divertor. A new tuneable calibration laser and precision wavemeter provide the rest wavelength for CIII 465 nm plasma emissions resulting in ≤ 1 km/s uncertainty in ion velocities that are in the range of 30 km/s in the divertor plasma. The 2-D line-integrated velocity images have been tomographically inverted to obtain maps of ion velocity. Both He + and C 2+ ion velocity maps were measured in both directions of the toroidal magnetic field B T , and C 2+ images were obtained in attached and detached L- and H-mode plasmas. The measured C 2+ velocities are in the range of 20–30 km/s and are compared with UEDGE modeling with full drifts. While He II as a main ion is expected to be entrained in the plasma flow, the C 2+ impurity flow involves the competition between the frictional and ion temperature gradient forces. Both the CIS data and UEDGE modeling agree that the C 2+ flow is towards the divertor plates, but flips with the direction of B T . In general, the experimental C 2+ emission and flow profiles have a wider spatial extent than the UEDGE modeling.
- Coherence imaging
- DIII-D tokamak
- Divertor and scrape off layer
- Ion flow