Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?

A. Silla, L. Leden, P. Rämä, M. Van Noort, D. Bell, J. Scholliers

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    Abstract

    In recent years, the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) have assisted in the decrease of road traffic fatalities, particularly amongst passenger car occupants. Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and moped riders, however, have not been that much in focus when developing ITS. Therefore there is a clear need for ITS which specifically address VRUs as an integrated element of the traffic system. This paper presents the results of a quantitative safety impact assessment of 5 systems which were estimated to have high potential to improve the safety of cyclists, namely: Blind Spot De-tection (BSD), Bicycle to Vehicle communication (B2V), Intersection safety (INS), Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection System + Emergency Braking (PCDS+EBR) and VRU Beacon System (VBS). An ex-ante assessment method has been suggested by Kulmala [1] to provide traffic safety im-pacts of ITS. The method has been used in expert assessments of ITS for cars. The same ap-proach was applied and further developed to assess the safety impacts of ITS specifically de-signed for VRUs. The main results of the assessment showed that all investigated systems affect safety of cy-clists in a positive way by preventing fatalities and injuries. The estimates considering 2012 ac-cident data and full penetration showed that the highest effects could be obtained by the im-plementation of PCDS+EBR and B2V whereas VBS had the lowest effect. The estimated yearly reduction in cyclist fatalities in EU-28 varied between 77 and 286 per system. A forecast for 2030, taking into accounts the estimated accident trends and penetration rates, showed the highest effects for PCDS+EBR and BSD.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages20
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventInternational Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015 - Hannover, Germany
    Duration: 15 Sep 201516 Sep 2015

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015
    Abbreviated titleICSC 2015
    CountryGermany
    CityHannover
    Period15/09/1516/09/15

    Fingerprint

    Braking
    Pedestrian safety
    Motorcycles
    Bicycles
    Passenger cars
    Security systems
    Accidents
    Railroad cars
    Communication

    Keywords

    • safety
    • cyclists
    • ITS
    • assessment

    Cite this

    Silla, A., Leden, L., Rämä, P., Van Noort, M., Bell, D., & Scholliers, J. (2015). Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?. Paper presented at International Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015, Hannover, Germany.
    Silla, A. ; Leden, L. ; Rämä, P. ; Van Noort, M. ; Bell, D. ; Scholliers, J. / Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?. Paper presented at International Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015, Hannover, Germany.20 p.
    @conference{fac99be948b643dda7d0aad7457b6809,
    title = "Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?",
    abstract = "In recent years, the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) have assisted in the decrease of road traffic fatalities, particularly amongst passenger car occupants. Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and moped riders, however, have not been that much in focus when developing ITS. Therefore there is a clear need for ITS which specifically address VRUs as an integrated element of the traffic system. This paper presents the results of a quantitative safety impact assessment of 5 systems which were estimated to have high potential to improve the safety of cyclists, namely: Blind Spot De-tection (BSD), Bicycle to Vehicle communication (B2V), Intersection safety (INS), Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection System + Emergency Braking (PCDS+EBR) and VRU Beacon System (VBS). An ex-ante assessment method has been suggested by Kulmala [1] to provide traffic safety im-pacts of ITS. The method has been used in expert assessments of ITS for cars. The same ap-proach was applied and further developed to assess the safety impacts of ITS specifically de-signed for VRUs. The main results of the assessment showed that all investigated systems affect safety of cy-clists in a positive way by preventing fatalities and injuries. The estimates considering 2012 ac-cident data and full penetration showed that the highest effects could be obtained by the im-plementation of PCDS+EBR and B2V whereas VBS had the lowest effect. The estimated yearly reduction in cyclist fatalities in EU-28 varied between 77 and 286 per system. A forecast for 2030, taking into accounts the estimated accident trends and penetration rates, showed the highest effects for PCDS+EBR and BSD.",
    keywords = "safety, cyclists, ITS, assessment",
    author = "A. Silla and L. Leden and P. R{\"a}m{\"a} and {Van Noort}, M. and D. Bell and J. Scholliers",
    note = "Project code: 77163 ; International Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015, ICSC 2015 ; Conference date: 15-09-2015 Through 16-09-2015",
    year = "2015",
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    Silla, A, Leden, L, Rämä, P, Van Noort, M, Bell, D & Scholliers, J 2015, 'Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?', Paper presented at International Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015, Hannover, Germany, 15/09/15 - 16/09/15.

    Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems? / Silla, A.; Leden, L.; Rämä, P.; Van Noort, M.; Bell, D.; Scholliers, J.

    2015. Paper presented at International Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015, Hannover, Germany.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?

    AU - Silla, A.

    AU - Leden, L.

    AU - Rämä, P.

    AU - Van Noort, M.

    AU - Bell, D.

    AU - Scholliers, J.

    N1 - Project code: 77163

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - In recent years, the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) have assisted in the decrease of road traffic fatalities, particularly amongst passenger car occupants. Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and moped riders, however, have not been that much in focus when developing ITS. Therefore there is a clear need for ITS which specifically address VRUs as an integrated element of the traffic system. This paper presents the results of a quantitative safety impact assessment of 5 systems which were estimated to have high potential to improve the safety of cyclists, namely: Blind Spot De-tection (BSD), Bicycle to Vehicle communication (B2V), Intersection safety (INS), Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection System + Emergency Braking (PCDS+EBR) and VRU Beacon System (VBS). An ex-ante assessment method has been suggested by Kulmala [1] to provide traffic safety im-pacts of ITS. The method has been used in expert assessments of ITS for cars. The same ap-proach was applied and further developed to assess the safety impacts of ITS specifically de-signed for VRUs. The main results of the assessment showed that all investigated systems affect safety of cy-clists in a positive way by preventing fatalities and injuries. The estimates considering 2012 ac-cident data and full penetration showed that the highest effects could be obtained by the im-plementation of PCDS+EBR and B2V whereas VBS had the lowest effect. The estimated yearly reduction in cyclist fatalities in EU-28 varied between 77 and 286 per system. A forecast for 2030, taking into accounts the estimated accident trends and penetration rates, showed the highest effects for PCDS+EBR and BSD.

    AB - In recent years, the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) have assisted in the decrease of road traffic fatalities, particularly amongst passenger car occupants. Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and moped riders, however, have not been that much in focus when developing ITS. Therefore there is a clear need for ITS which specifically address VRUs as an integrated element of the traffic system. This paper presents the results of a quantitative safety impact assessment of 5 systems which were estimated to have high potential to improve the safety of cyclists, namely: Blind Spot De-tection (BSD), Bicycle to Vehicle communication (B2V), Intersection safety (INS), Pedestrian and Cyclist Detection System + Emergency Braking (PCDS+EBR) and VRU Beacon System (VBS). An ex-ante assessment method has been suggested by Kulmala [1] to provide traffic safety im-pacts of ITS. The method has been used in expert assessments of ITS for cars. The same ap-proach was applied and further developed to assess the safety impacts of ITS specifically de-signed for VRUs. The main results of the assessment showed that all investigated systems affect safety of cy-clists in a positive way by preventing fatalities and injuries. The estimates considering 2012 ac-cident data and full penetration showed that the highest effects could be obtained by the im-plementation of PCDS+EBR and B2V whereas VBS had the lowest effect. The estimated yearly reduction in cyclist fatalities in EU-28 varied between 77 and 286 per system. A forecast for 2030, taking into accounts the estimated accident trends and penetration rates, showed the highest effects for PCDS+EBR and BSD.

    KW - safety

    KW - cyclists

    KW - ITS

    KW - assessment

    M3 - Conference article

    ER -

    Silla A, Leden L, Rämä P, Van Noort M, Bell D, Scholliers J. Can safety of cyclists be improved with intelligent transport systems?. 2015. Paper presented at International Cycling Safety Conference 2015, ICSC 2015, Hannover, Germany.