Determination of carboxylic acids in Gluconobacter oxydans fermentations of wheat straw hydrolyzate was carried out. This matrix is of complex composition containing carbohydrates, organic compounds (e.g., amino acids, toxins), and inorganic salts making the analysis challenging even with separation techniques. A method based on capillary electrophoresis with indirect UV detection was developed for the simultaneous quantification of 18 carboxylic acids. The background electrolyte solution of ammonia, 2,3-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, and Ca2+ and Mg2+ salts, containing myristyltrimethylammonium hydroxide as a dynamic capillary coating reagent, was validated for the robust and repeatable separation of the carboxylic acids. Intraday relative standard deviations in the optimized method were less than 1.6% for migration times and between 1.0% and 5.9% for peak area. Interday relative standard deviations were less than 5.0% for migration times and between 5.7% and 9.3% for peak area. With 11 nl injected, detection limits for the analytes were between 10 and 43 μmol/l. Detection limits ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 pmol at signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The results demonstrated that wheat straw hydrolyzate was a suitable substrate for G. oxydans with a product yield of 45% for the formation of xylonic acid from xylose and 96% for the formation of gluconic acid from glucose.
- Bioprocess monitoring
- Capillary electrophoresis
- Complex forming agents in electrolyte solution
- Organic acids