Carbon chemical erosion in H-mode discharges in ASDEX Upgrade divertor IIb: Flux dependence and local redeposition

R. Pugno (Corresponding Author), K. Krieger, A. Kirschner, A. Kallenbach, D.P. Coster, R. Dux, U. Fantz, Jari Likonen, H.W. Müller, J. Neuhauser, V. Rohde, Elizaveta Vainonen-Ahlgren, ASDEX Upgrade Team

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    Abstract

    Carbon erosion at the outboard divertor in ASDEX Upgrade has been investigated using the emission spectroscopy technique. The methane molecular influx was calibrated by simultaneous CD4 puffing. In deuterium H-mode discharges a decrease of D/XBCD←CD4 with increasing ion flux (decreasing temperature) is found at fluxes in the range 0.5–2 × 1022 m−2 s−1 and no dependence for higher fluxes. The corresponding obtained yields show a negative power law flux dependence with exponent γ = −0.46. To investigate the combined effect of re-deposition, re-erosion and local transport, known quantities of 13CH4 were puffed at the end of the 2002/2003 experimental campaign. The amount of 13C locally redeposited has been measured by nuclear reaction analysis (NRA). The results show a strongly localised re-deposition near the puff location, with a downstream tail and a moderate downward drift with respect to the magnetic field line direction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)985 - 989
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
    Volume337-339
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Keywords

    • ASDEX upgrade
    • chemical erosion
    • erosion
    • deposition
    • spectroscopy
    • surface analysis
    • ITER
    • JET
    • fusion energy

    Cite this

    Pugno, R., Krieger, K., Kirschner, A., Kallenbach, A., Coster, D. P., Dux, R., Fantz, U., Likonen, J., Müller, H. W., Neuhauser, J., Rohde, V., Vainonen-Ahlgren, E., & ASDEX Upgrade Team (2005). Carbon chemical erosion in H-mode discharges in ASDEX Upgrade divertor IIb: Flux dependence and local redeposition. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 337-339, 985 - 989. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2004.09.053