Single- and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were synthesised by a novel aerosol method using alcohols, namely ethanol and octanol, as carbon precursors. Preformed iron and nickel aerosol nanoparticles, produced by evaporation from resistively heated metal wire, were used as catalysts. Multiwalled CNTs were initiated by 10 nm sized catalyst particles and produced in the presence of ethanol vapour with the partial pressure of 7072 Pa, while combination of 2.4 nm particles and decreased alcohol vapour pressure (123 Pa) resulted in the formation of mainly single-walled and a small fraction of double-walled CNTs. The effect of a promoter (thiophene) in the system was found to be very important for the synthesis of multiwalled CNTs, while only a 30% number concentration increase was found for the single-walled CNT production.
- carbon nanotube
- hot wire generator
- electron microscopy
Nasibulin, A. G., Moisala, A., Jiang, H., & Kauppinen, E. I. (2006). Carbon nanotube synthesis from alcohols by a novel aerosol method. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 8(3-4), 465-475. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-005-9027-8