Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

VTT has studied cascading and energy use of used wood. The use of wood for pulp industry is much higher in Finland than in the EU. As Finland exports a significant part of its wood biomass (as pulp, paper and board, timber and plywood), the cascading cycles of wood products take place outside the Finnish borders, e.g. in other EU Member State. This limits the cascading cycles inside Finland. In addition, the figures show that the energy use of wood industry side streams is very significant in Finland. Guidelines have developed for the classification used wood (post-consumer wood) for energy use including implementation of the legislation and standards in Finland. It is nec­essary to define the impact of possible contaminants on the energy utilisation of used wood. This is helpful for cate­gorisation, as well as for identification and characterisation of the contaminants. The guidelines also include an over­all categorisation used wood. In this classification used wood is divided in 4 categories A, B, C and D. Categories A and B are classified as solid biofuel and class C solid recovered fuels and related standards are used. Fuels falling into category C should be incinerated according to waste incineration legislation. Class D wood is treated by wood pre­servatives and is hazardous waste.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Pages118-125
ISBN (Print)978-88-89407-165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2016 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 6 Jun 20169 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2016
Abbreviated titleEUBCE 2016
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period6/06/169/06/16

Fingerprint

Wood
Impurities
Wood products
Plywood
Waste incineration
Paper and pulp industry
Timber
Biofuels
Pulp
Biomass
Energy utilization

Keywords

  • wood
  • quality standards
  • cascading use
  • used wood
  • Finland

Cite this

Alakangas, E., Koponen, K., Sokka, L., & Keränen, J. T. (2016). Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland. In European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings (pp. 118-125). ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. https://doi.org/10.5071/24thEUBCE2016-1BO.9.5
Alakangas, Eija ; Koponen, Kati ; Sokka, Laura ; Keränen, Janne T. / Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland. European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2016. pp. 118-125
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abstract = "VTT has studied cascading and energy use of used wood. The use of wood for pulp industry is much higher in Finland than in the EU. As Finland exports a significant part of its wood biomass (as pulp, paper and board, timber and plywood), the cascading cycles of wood products take place outside the Finnish borders, e.g. in other EU Member State. This limits the cascading cycles inside Finland. In addition, the figures show that the energy use of wood industry side streams is very significant in Finland. Guidelines have developed for the classification used wood (post-consumer wood) for energy use including implementation of the legislation and standards in Finland. It is nec­essary to define the impact of possible contaminants on the energy utilisation of used wood. This is helpful for cate­gorisation, as well as for identification and characterisation of the contaminants. The guidelines also include an over­all categorisation used wood. In this classification used wood is divided in 4 categories A, B, C and D. Categories A and B are classified as solid biofuel and class C solid recovered fuels and related standards are used. Fuels falling into category C should be incinerated according to waste incineration legislation. Class D wood is treated by wood pre­servatives and is hazardous waste.",
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Alakangas, E, Koponen, K, Sokka, L & Keränen, JT 2016, Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland. in European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, pp. 118-125, 24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 6/06/16. https://doi.org/10.5071/24thEUBCE2016-1BO.9.5

Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland. / Alakangas, Eija; Koponen, Kati; Sokka, Laura; Keränen, Janne T.

European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2016. p. 118-125.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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T1 - Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland

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AU - Sokka, Laura

AU - Keränen, Janne T.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - VTT has studied cascading and energy use of used wood. The use of wood for pulp industry is much higher in Finland than in the EU. As Finland exports a significant part of its wood biomass (as pulp, paper and board, timber and plywood), the cascading cycles of wood products take place outside the Finnish borders, e.g. in other EU Member State. This limits the cascading cycles inside Finland. In addition, the figures show that the energy use of wood industry side streams is very significant in Finland. Guidelines have developed for the classification used wood (post-consumer wood) for energy use including implementation of the legislation and standards in Finland. It is nec­essary to define the impact of possible contaminants on the energy utilisation of used wood. This is helpful for cate­gorisation, as well as for identification and characterisation of the contaminants. The guidelines also include an over­all categorisation used wood. In this classification used wood is divided in 4 categories A, B, C and D. Categories A and B are classified as solid biofuel and class C solid recovered fuels and related standards are used. Fuels falling into category C should be incinerated according to waste incineration legislation. Class D wood is treated by wood pre­servatives and is hazardous waste.

AB - VTT has studied cascading and energy use of used wood. The use of wood for pulp industry is much higher in Finland than in the EU. As Finland exports a significant part of its wood biomass (as pulp, paper and board, timber and plywood), the cascading cycles of wood products take place outside the Finnish borders, e.g. in other EU Member State. This limits the cascading cycles inside Finland. In addition, the figures show that the energy use of wood industry side streams is very significant in Finland. Guidelines have developed for the classification used wood (post-consumer wood) for energy use including implementation of the legislation and standards in Finland. It is nec­essary to define the impact of possible contaminants on the energy utilisation of used wood. This is helpful for cate­gorisation, as well as for identification and characterisation of the contaminants. The guidelines also include an over­all categorisation used wood. In this classification used wood is divided in 4 categories A, B, C and D. Categories A and B are classified as solid biofuel and class C solid recovered fuels and related standards are used. Fuels falling into category C should be incinerated according to waste incineration legislation. Class D wood is treated by wood pre­servatives and is hazardous waste.

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KW - quality standards

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DO - 10.5071/24thEUBCE2016-1BO.9.5

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

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EP - 125

BT - European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings

PB - ETA-Florence Renewable Energies

ER -

Alakangas E, Koponen K, Sokka L, Keränen JT. Cascading use and classification of used wood for energy in Finland. In European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. 2016. p. 118-125 https://doi.org/10.5071/24thEUBCE2016-1BO.9.5