Catalyst screening for conversion of glycerol to light olefins

Z.Y. Zakaria, Juha Linnekoski, N.A.S. Amin (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    111 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Screening of modified ZSM-5 catalysts for conversion of glycerol to light olefins has been investigated. In this study HZSM-5, Al/ZSM-5, Ca/ZSM-5, Cr/ZSM-5, Cu/ZSM-5, Li/ZSM-5, Mg/ZSM-5 and Ni/ZSM-5 zeolite catalysts were prepared, tested and screened. The catalysts were characterized to relate their properties with catalyst activity. XRD and FTIR characterization results demonstrated that the structure of the catalysts remained intact while BET revealed the surface and micropore areas decreased after metal loading. TPR data exhibited the reduction phenomenon of the catalysts. NH3-TPD analysis indicated that Cu/ZSM-5 catalyst has relatively more moderate and strong active acid sites compared to others. GC TCD/FID analysis detected light olefins and paraffins; methane, CO and CO2 in the gaseous product stream. The acidity of the catalyst affected olefin production, but no direct correlation between surface area and olefin yield was observed. The turnover frequency (TOF) for Cu/ZSM-5 and Cr/ZSM-5 catalysts were significantly high comparatively. Cu/ZSM-5 produced the highest light olefins selectivity and yield due to the synergistic effect of the physico-chemical properties between the parent ZSM-5 and the metals.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)803-813
    Number of pages10
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume207-208
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event22nd International Symposium on Chemical Reaction Engineering - Maastricht, Netherlands
    Duration: 2 Sep 20125 Sep 2012
    Conference number: 22

    Keywords

    • Catalytic conversion
    • cracking
    • dehydrogenation
    • glycerol to olefin
    • zeolite

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