Catalytic conversion of biomass pyrolysis vapours with zinc oxide

Milja Nokkosmäki (Corresponding Author), Eeva Kuoppala, Eero Leppämäki, A. Krause

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conversion of pyrolysis vapours of pine sawdust was studied in micro and bench scales with zinc oxide catalyst. Three different zinc oxides were screened in a gas chromatograph system using an injection port as a fixed-bed catalytic converter in order to find appropriate reaction conditions by emphasising a high yield of bio-oil. Catalytically treated pyrolysis oils were produced in a side stream of an atmospheric fluidised bed pyrolyser (1 kg h−1) at the catalyst temperature of 400°C. The oils with silicon carbide treatment and without any catalyst were used as references. The aim was to study the catalytic effect of zinc oxide on the composition and on the stability of the oil. The pyrolysis liquids produced were homogeneous one-phase oils. The ZnO proved to be a mild catalyst and the liquid yields were not substantially reduced. It had no effect on the water-insoluble fraction (lignin-derived), but it decomposed the diethyl ether-insoluble fraction (water-soluble anhydrosugars and polysaccharides). Some indications of catalyst deactivation were observed. The oil samples were aged thermally and the variation of viscosity and water content were determined. The increase in the viscosity was significantly lower for the ZnO-treated oil (55%) than for the reference oil without any catalyst (129%). The results indicated an improvement in the stability of the ZnO-treated oil.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119 - 131
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide
Oils
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Vapors
Catalysts
Viscosity
Catalytic converters
Sawdust
Catalyst deactivation
Water
Lignin
Liquids
Polysaccharides
Silicon carbide
Ether
Water content
Ethers
Gases

Keywords

  • catalyst
  • catalytic
  • zinc oxide
  • pyrolysis vapours
  • pyrolysis oil
  • upgrading
  • characterisation
  • fractionation
  • composition
  • stability

Cite this

Nokkosmäki, Milja ; Kuoppala, Eeva ; Leppämäki, Eero ; Krause, A. / Catalytic conversion of biomass pyrolysis vapours with zinc oxide. In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 2000 ; Vol. 55, No. 1. pp. 119 - 131.
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Catalytic conversion of biomass pyrolysis vapours with zinc oxide. / Nokkosmäki, Milja (Corresponding Author); Kuoppala, Eeva; Leppämäki, Eero; Krause, A.

In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2000, p. 119 - 131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Nokkosmäki, Milja

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N2 - Conversion of pyrolysis vapours of pine sawdust was studied in micro and bench scales with zinc oxide catalyst. Three different zinc oxides were screened in a gas chromatograph system using an injection port as a fixed-bed catalytic converter in order to find appropriate reaction conditions by emphasising a high yield of bio-oil. Catalytically treated pyrolysis oils were produced in a side stream of an atmospheric fluidised bed pyrolyser (1 kg h−1) at the catalyst temperature of 400°C. The oils with silicon carbide treatment and without any catalyst were used as references. The aim was to study the catalytic effect of zinc oxide on the composition and on the stability of the oil. The pyrolysis liquids produced were homogeneous one-phase oils. The ZnO proved to be a mild catalyst and the liquid yields were not substantially reduced. It had no effect on the water-insoluble fraction (lignin-derived), but it decomposed the diethyl ether-insoluble fraction (water-soluble anhydrosugars and polysaccharides). Some indications of catalyst deactivation were observed. The oil samples were aged thermally and the variation of viscosity and water content were determined. The increase in the viscosity was significantly lower for the ZnO-treated oil (55%) than for the reference oil without any catalyst (129%). The results indicated an improvement in the stability of the ZnO-treated oil.

AB - Conversion of pyrolysis vapours of pine sawdust was studied in micro and bench scales with zinc oxide catalyst. Three different zinc oxides were screened in a gas chromatograph system using an injection port as a fixed-bed catalytic converter in order to find appropriate reaction conditions by emphasising a high yield of bio-oil. Catalytically treated pyrolysis oils were produced in a side stream of an atmospheric fluidised bed pyrolyser (1 kg h−1) at the catalyst temperature of 400°C. The oils with silicon carbide treatment and without any catalyst were used as references. The aim was to study the catalytic effect of zinc oxide on the composition and on the stability of the oil. The pyrolysis liquids produced were homogeneous one-phase oils. The ZnO proved to be a mild catalyst and the liquid yields were not substantially reduced. It had no effect on the water-insoluble fraction (lignin-derived), but it decomposed the diethyl ether-insoluble fraction (water-soluble anhydrosugars and polysaccharides). Some indications of catalyst deactivation were observed. The oil samples were aged thermally and the variation of viscosity and water content were determined. The increase in the viscosity was significantly lower for the ZnO-treated oil (55%) than for the reference oil without any catalyst (129%). The results indicated an improvement in the stability of the ZnO-treated oil.

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KW - characterisation

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