Catalytic fast pyrolysis: Influencing bio-oil quality with the catalyst-to-biomass ratio

Ville Paasikallio (Corresponding Author), Konstantinos Kalogiannis, Angelos Lappas, Jani Lehto, Juha Lehtonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In situ catalytic fast pyrolysis can be used to produce partially upgraded bio-oils. This process, however, suffers from rapid catalyst deactivation caused by coke formation, which necessitates the use of continuous catalyst regeneration. This can be achieved by using a circulating fluidized-bed reactor. In such a reactor, one key operational variable is the catalyst-to-biomass (C/B) ratio, which influences the extent of the catalytic reactions that take place. In this study, woody biomass is pyrolyzed in a pilot-scale circulating fluidized-bed reactor system using a HZSM-5 zeolite with varying C/B ratios. The C/B ratio influences the overall product distribution, the elemental distribution, and the characteristics of the liquid products. An increase of the C/B ratio enhances the conversion of pyrolysis vapors but this does not result in a continuous improvement in bio-oil quality. The C/B ratio is, nevertheless, a factor that can be used to optimize the catalytic fast pyrolysis process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Technology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Biomass
Pyrolysis
Catalysts
Fluidized beds
Catalyst regeneration
Catalyst deactivation
Coke
Oils
Vapors
Liquids

Keywords

  • biofuels
  • biomass
  • bio-oil
  • catalytic fast pyrolysis
  • zeolites

Cite this

Paasikallio, Ville ; Kalogiannis, Konstantinos ; Lappas, Angelos ; Lehto, Jani ; Lehtonen, Juha. / Catalytic fast pyrolysis : Influencing bio-oil quality with the catalyst-to-biomass ratio. In: Energy Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 94-103.
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Catalytic fast pyrolysis : Influencing bio-oil quality with the catalyst-to-biomass ratio. / Paasikallio, Ville (Corresponding Author); Kalogiannis, Konstantinos; Lappas, Angelos; Lehto, Jani; Lehtonen, Juha.

In: Energy Technology, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, p. 94-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Paasikallio, Ville

AU - Kalogiannis, Konstantinos

AU - Lappas, Angelos

AU - Lehto, Jani

AU - Lehtonen, Juha

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