Catalytic hydrotreating of black liquor oils

Douglas C. Elliott, Anja Oasmaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Laboratory-scale batch experiments have been completed for testing catalytic hydrotreating as
a means of upgrading an oil product produced from kraft black liquor. The experiments show that
sulfided cobalt-molybdenum and nickel-molybdenum catalysts can be used to convert the viscous,
low-volatility oil into a mixture of hydrocarbons and phenolics at 380 °C and about 1 h residence
time. Removal of the sodium in the oil by an acid wash before the experiment results in a more
effective reaction and a higher quality product. Addition of water to the hydrotreating experiment
can be used as a means to separate the sodium from the upgraded product into a byproduct aqueous
stream. The upgraded product contains less oxygen and sodium than the black liquor oil and contains
a larger volatile fraction (distillable under vacuum). Comparison of the operating results and the
product composition with earlier results in wood-derived oil upgrading shows many similarities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-109
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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