Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor: An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism

Jinto Manjaly Anthonykutty, J. Pohjantähti, Olli Aaltonen, J. Linnekoski, Antero Laitinen, Ali Harlin, A.O.I Krause

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference PosterScientific

Abstract

The deactivation behavior of commercial NiMo and CoMo catalysts during the hydrodeoxygenation of distilled tall oil in a trickle- bed reactor was studied. Carbon and sulfur analysis results showed that the amount of coke decreased with increasing contact time and temperature at a given H2 pressure. The decrease in amount of coke at higher temperature could be attributed to the hydrogenation of coke deposited on the catalyst to stable products. The coke removal by hydrogenation was significant at > 375°C. At < 375°C, polymerization of heavy molecules dominated over the hydrogenation of coke precursors, which in turn increased the coke formation. The sulfur analysis results of the spent catalysts showed that leaching out of sulfur from the catalyst is minimal during the first 6 hr of run. However, the sulfur leaching would be a major concern during long run reactions. Thus, coke formation, H2O inhibition, metal impurities in the feed, and sulfur leaching out from the catalyst surface were the contributing factors for the deactivation mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
- Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 25 Aug 201229 Aug 2012

Conference

Conference20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
Abbreviated titleCHISA 2012
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period25/08/1229/08/12

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Catalyst deactivation
Coke
Sulfur
Catalysts
Leaching
Hydrogenation
tall oil
Carbon
Metals
Polymerization
Impurities
Temperature
Molecules

Cite this

Manjaly Anthonykutty, J., Pohjantähti, J., Aaltonen, O., Linnekoski, J., Laitinen, A., Harlin, A., & Krause, A. O. I. (2013). Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor: An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism. Poster session presented at 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
, Prague, Czech Republic.
Manjaly Anthonykutty, Jinto ; Pohjantähti, J. ; Aaltonen, Olli ; Linnekoski, J. ; Laitinen, Antero ; Harlin, Ali ; Krause, A.O.I. / Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor : An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism. Poster session presented at 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
, Prague, Czech Republic.
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title = "Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor: An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism",
abstract = "The deactivation behavior of commercial NiMo and CoMo catalysts during the hydrodeoxygenation of distilled tall oil in a trickle- bed reactor was studied. Carbon and sulfur analysis results showed that the amount of coke decreased with increasing contact time and temperature at a given H2 pressure. The decrease in amount of coke at higher temperature could be attributed to the hydrogenation of coke deposited on the catalyst to stable products. The coke removal by hydrogenation was significant at > 375°C. At < 375°C, polymerization of heavy molecules dominated over the hydrogenation of coke precursors, which in turn increased the coke formation. The sulfur analysis results of the spent catalysts showed that leaching out of sulfur from the catalyst is minimal during the first 6 hr of run. However, the sulfur leaching would be a major concern during long run reactions. Thus, coke formation, H2O inhibition, metal impurities in the feed, and sulfur leaching out from the catalyst surface were the contributing factors for the deactivation mechanism.",
author = "{Manjaly Anthonykutty}, Jinto and J. Pohjant{\"a}hti and Olli Aaltonen and J. Linnekoski and Antero Laitinen and Ali Harlin and A.O.I Krause",
year = "2013",
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Manjaly Anthonykutty, J, Pohjantähti, J, Aaltonen, O, Linnekoski, J, Laitinen, A, Harlin, A & Krause, AOI 2013, 'Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor: An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism' 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
, Prague, Czech Republic, 25/08/12 - 29/08/12, .

Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor : An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism. / Manjaly Anthonykutty, Jinto; Pohjantähti, J.; Aaltonen, Olli; Linnekoski, J.; Laitinen, Antero; Harlin, Ali; Krause, A.O.I.

2013. Poster session presented at 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
, Prague, Czech Republic.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference PosterScientific

TY - CONF

T1 - Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor

T2 - An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism

AU - Manjaly Anthonykutty, Jinto

AU - Pohjantähti, J.

AU - Aaltonen, Olli

AU - Linnekoski, J.

AU - Laitinen, Antero

AU - Harlin, Ali

AU - Krause, A.O.I

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The deactivation behavior of commercial NiMo and CoMo catalysts during the hydrodeoxygenation of distilled tall oil in a trickle- bed reactor was studied. Carbon and sulfur analysis results showed that the amount of coke decreased with increasing contact time and temperature at a given H2 pressure. The decrease in amount of coke at higher temperature could be attributed to the hydrogenation of coke deposited on the catalyst to stable products. The coke removal by hydrogenation was significant at > 375°C. At < 375°C, polymerization of heavy molecules dominated over the hydrogenation of coke precursors, which in turn increased the coke formation. The sulfur analysis results of the spent catalysts showed that leaching out of sulfur from the catalyst is minimal during the first 6 hr of run. However, the sulfur leaching would be a major concern during long run reactions. Thus, coke formation, H2O inhibition, metal impurities in the feed, and sulfur leaching out from the catalyst surface were the contributing factors for the deactivation mechanism.

AB - The deactivation behavior of commercial NiMo and CoMo catalysts during the hydrodeoxygenation of distilled tall oil in a trickle- bed reactor was studied. Carbon and sulfur analysis results showed that the amount of coke decreased with increasing contact time and temperature at a given H2 pressure. The decrease in amount of coke at higher temperature could be attributed to the hydrogenation of coke deposited on the catalyst to stable products. The coke removal by hydrogenation was significant at > 375°C. At < 375°C, polymerization of heavy molecules dominated over the hydrogenation of coke precursors, which in turn increased the coke formation. The sulfur analysis results of the spent catalysts showed that leaching out of sulfur from the catalyst is minimal during the first 6 hr of run. However, the sulfur leaching would be a major concern during long run reactions. Thus, coke formation, H2O inhibition, metal impurities in the feed, and sulfur leaching out from the catalyst surface were the contributing factors for the deactivation mechanism.

M3 - Conference Poster

ER -

Manjaly Anthonykutty J, Pohjantähti J, Aaltonen O, Linnekoski J, Laitinen A, Harlin A et al. Catalytic upgrading of distilled tall oil (DTO) in a trickle- Bed reactor: An investigation of catalyst deactivation mechanism. 2013. Poster session presented at 20th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012
, Prague, Czech Republic.