CBRNE threats and protection

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

Accidental or malevolent releases of chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) materials are rare, but their consequences can be devastating. Worldwide political instability together with emerging technologies, environmental changes and continuing globalisation with ever-increasing travel, trade and transport of goods across borders are placing growing burdens on our security environment and preparedness. This research expands our current knowledge of potential CBRN scenarios and their consequences and identifies adaptive and cost-efficient solutions for critical infrastructure and civilian protection against various CBRNE incidents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch highlights in safety and security
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages36-37
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8130-6
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8129-0
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Research Highlights
PublisherVTT
Number10
ISSN (Print)2242-1173
ISSN (Electronic)2242-1181

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Cite this

Kulmala, I., & Heinonen, K. (2013). CBRNE threats and protection. In Research highlights in safety and security (pp. 36-37). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Highlights, No. 10
Kulmala, Ilpo ; Heinonen, Kimmo. / CBRNE threats and protection. Research highlights in safety and security. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. pp. 36-37 (VTT Research Highlights; No. 10).
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Kulmala, I & Heinonen, K 2013, CBRNE threats and protection. in Research highlights in safety and security. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Research Highlights, no. 10, pp. 36-37.

CBRNE threats and protection. / Kulmala, Ilpo; Heinonen, Kimmo.

Research highlights in safety and security. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. p. 36-37 (VTT Research Highlights; No. 10).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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AU - Heinonen, Kimmo

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AB - Accidental or malevolent releases of chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) materials are rare, but their consequences can be devastating. Worldwide political instability together with emerging technologies, environmental changes and continuing globalisation with ever-increasing travel, trade and transport of goods across borders are placing growing burdens on our security environment and preparedness. This research expands our current knowledge of potential CBRN scenarios and their consequences and identifies adaptive and cost-efficient solutions for critical infrastructure and civilian protection against various CBRNE incidents.

M3 - Chapter or book article

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PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

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Kulmala I, Heinonen K. CBRNE threats and protection. In Research highlights in safety and security. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2013. p. 36-37. (VTT Research Highlights; No. 10).