CBRNE threats and protection

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    Abstract

    Accidental or malevolent releases of chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) materials are rare, but their consequences can be devastating. Worldwide political instability together with emerging technologies, environmental changes and continuing globalisation with ever-increasing travel, trade and transport of goods across borders are placing growing burdens on our security environment and preparedness. This research expands our current knowledge of potential CBRN scenarios and their consequences and identifies adaptive and cost-efficient solutions for critical infrastructure and civilian protection against various CBRNE incidents.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationResearch highlights in safety and security
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages36-37
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8130-6
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8129-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Highlights
    Number10
    ISSN2242-1173

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    Cite this

    Kulmala, I., & Heinonen, K. (2013). CBRNE threats and protection. In Research highlights in safety and security (pp. 36-37). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Highlights, No. 10
    Kulmala, Ilpo ; Heinonen, Kimmo. / CBRNE threats and protection. Research highlights in safety and security. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. pp. 36-37 (VTT Research Highlights; No. 10).
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    author = "Ilpo Kulmala and Kimmo Heinonen",
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    Kulmala, I & Heinonen, K 2013, CBRNE threats and protection. in Research highlights in safety and security. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Research Highlights, no. 10, pp. 36-37.

    CBRNE threats and protection. / Kulmala, Ilpo; Heinonen, Kimmo.

    Research highlights in safety and security. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. p. 36-37 (VTT Research Highlights; No. 10).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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    Kulmala I, Heinonen K. CBRNE threats and protection. In Research highlights in safety and security. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2013. p. 36-37. (VTT Research Highlights; No. 10).