Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is known as an efficient producer of a variety of extracellular enzymes, the major products being cellulases and hemicellulases e.g. cellobiohydrolases, endoglucanases, Beta-glucosidases, xylanases, and hemicellulose side-chain cleaving enzymes. Altogether, analysis of the genome sequence has revealed over 200 genes classified in glycoside hydrolase gene families. T. reesei has potential to produce extracellular proteins in very large quantities, and it has been used as an industrial host organism for production of both the fungal enzymes as well as for heterologous proteins. Production of secreted proteins in large quantities or production of the heterologous proteins originating from distantly related organisms challenge the capability of the cells to fold and transport the proteins, and are known to provoke stress responses in the cell. Impaired protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the unfolded protein response pathway (UPR) which result in induction of a number of genes involved e.g. in folding, glycosylation and transport. The fungal cells have also a feed-back mechanism to reduce the load in the secretory pathway by negative transcriptional regulation of genes encoding the major secreted proteins. The availability of the genome sequence information has made it possible to apply genome-wide approaches in studies of the cellular responses to protein production under different conditions. Specifically, we have compared the effects of production of two different heterologous proteins, human tPA and Melanocarpus albomyces laccase, in T. reesei using proteome and transcriptome data. The analysis showed a clear difference between the responses induced by the proteins, the main difference being in the induction of the UPR pathway. Furthermore, in order to obtain information on protein production at different physiological conditions we have carried out transcriptome and proteome analysis of carbon-limited chemostat cultures of T. reesei under different conditions, e.g. at different specific growth rates and cell density.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationPhysiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages40
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6314-2
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6313-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    Event3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference : Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi - Helsinki, Finland
    Duration: 13 Jun 200716 Jun 2007

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number245
    ISSN0357-9387

    Conference

    Conference3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference
    Abbreviated titlePYFF3
    Country/TerritoryFinland
    CityHelsinki
    Period13/06/0716/06/07

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