Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is known as an efficient producer of a variety of extracellular enzymes, the major products being cellulases and hemicellulases e.g. cellobiohydrolases, endoglucanases, Beta-glucosidases, xylanases, and hemicellulose side-chain cleaving enzymes. Altogether, analysis of the genome sequence has revealed over 200 genes classified in glycoside hydrolase gene families. T. reesei has potential to produce extracellular proteins in very large quantities, and it has been used as an industrial host organism for production of both the fungal enzymes as well as for heterologous proteins. Production of secreted proteins in large quantities or production of the heterologous proteins originating from distantly related organisms challenge the capability of the cells to fold and transport the proteins, and are known to provoke stress responses in the cell. Impaired protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the unfolded protein response pathway (UPR) which result in induction of a number of genes involved e.g. in folding, glycosylation and transport. The fungal cells have also a feed-back mechanism to reduce the load in the secretory pathway by negative transcriptional regulation of genes encoding the major secreted proteins. The availability of the genome sequence information has made it possible to apply genome-wide approaches in studies of the cellular responses to protein production under different conditions. Specifically, we have compared the effects of production of two different heterologous proteins, human tPA and Melanocarpus albomyces laccase, in T. reesei using proteome and transcriptome data. The analysis showed a clear difference between the responses induced by the proteins, the main difference being in the induction of the UPR pathway. Furthermore, in order to obtain information on protein production at different physiological conditions we have carried out transcriptome and proteome analysis of carbon-limited chemostat cultures of T. reesei under different conditions, e.g. at different specific growth rates and cell density.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference
Subtitle of host publicationPhysiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages40
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-6314-2
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-6313-5
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference : Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 13 Jun 200716 Jun 2007

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number245
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

Conference3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference
Abbreviated titlePYFF3
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period13/06/0716/06/07

Fingerprint

Trichoderma reesei
fungi
proteins
unfolded protein response
proteome
transcriptome
genome
enzymes
cells
cellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase
protein folding
cellulases
genes
laccase
organisms
transport proteins
xylanases
major genes
glycosylation
beta-glucosidase

Cite this

Pakula, T. (2007). Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. In 3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference: Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3 (pp. 40). [T29] Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 245
Pakula, Tiina. / Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. 3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference: Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. pp. 40 (VTT Symposium; No. 245).
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Pakula, T 2007, Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. in 3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference: Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3., T29, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 245, pp. 40, 3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference , Helsinki, Finland, 13/06/07.

Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. / Pakula, Tiina.

3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference: Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. p. 40 T29 (VTT Symposium; No. 245).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

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T1 - Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei

AU - Pakula, Tiina

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is known as an efficient producer of a variety of extracellular enzymes, the major products being cellulases and hemicellulases e.g. cellobiohydrolases, endoglucanases, Beta-glucosidases, xylanases, and hemicellulose side-chain cleaving enzymes. Altogether, analysis of the genome sequence has revealed over 200 genes classified in glycoside hydrolase gene families. T. reesei has potential to produce extracellular proteins in very large quantities, and it has been used as an industrial host organism for production of both the fungal enzymes as well as for heterologous proteins. Production of secreted proteins in large quantities or production of the heterologous proteins originating from distantly related organisms challenge the capability of the cells to fold and transport the proteins, and are known to provoke stress responses in the cell. Impaired protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the unfolded protein response pathway (UPR) which result in induction of a number of genes involved e.g. in folding, glycosylation and transport. The fungal cells have also a feed-back mechanism to reduce the load in the secretory pathway by negative transcriptional regulation of genes encoding the major secreted proteins. The availability of the genome sequence information has made it possible to apply genome-wide approaches in studies of the cellular responses to protein production under different conditions. Specifically, we have compared the effects of production of two different heterologous proteins, human tPA and Melanocarpus albomyces laccase, in T. reesei using proteome and transcriptome data. The analysis showed a clear difference between the responses induced by the proteins, the main difference being in the induction of the UPR pathway. Furthermore, in order to obtain information on protein production at different physiological conditions we have carried out transcriptome and proteome analysis of carbon-limited chemostat cultures of T. reesei under different conditions, e.g. at different specific growth rates and cell density.

AB - The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is known as an efficient producer of a variety of extracellular enzymes, the major products being cellulases and hemicellulases e.g. cellobiohydrolases, endoglucanases, Beta-glucosidases, xylanases, and hemicellulose side-chain cleaving enzymes. Altogether, analysis of the genome sequence has revealed over 200 genes classified in glycoside hydrolase gene families. T. reesei has potential to produce extracellular proteins in very large quantities, and it has been used as an industrial host organism for production of both the fungal enzymes as well as for heterologous proteins. Production of secreted proteins in large quantities or production of the heterologous proteins originating from distantly related organisms challenge the capability of the cells to fold and transport the proteins, and are known to provoke stress responses in the cell. Impaired protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) activates the unfolded protein response pathway (UPR) which result in induction of a number of genes involved e.g. in folding, glycosylation and transport. The fungal cells have also a feed-back mechanism to reduce the load in the secretory pathway by negative transcriptional regulation of genes encoding the major secreted proteins. The availability of the genome sequence information has made it possible to apply genome-wide approaches in studies of the cellular responses to protein production under different conditions. Specifically, we have compared the effects of production of two different heterologous proteins, human tPA and Melanocarpus albomyces laccase, in T. reesei using proteome and transcriptome data. The analysis showed a clear difference between the responses induced by the proteins, the main difference being in the induction of the UPR pathway. Furthermore, in order to obtain information on protein production at different physiological conditions we have carried out transcriptome and proteome analysis of carbon-limited chemostat cultures of T. reesei under different conditions, e.g. at different specific growth rates and cell density.

M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

SN - 978-951-38-6313-5

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 40

BT - 3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Pakula T. Cellular responses to protein production in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. In 3rd European Federation of Biotechnology Conference: Physiology of Yeasts and Filamentous Fungi PYFF3. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2007. p. 40. T29. (VTT Symposium; No. 245).