Cellulose optical fiber for sensing applications

Ari Hokkanen, Markku Kapulainen, Aayush Kumar Jaiswal, Ville Hynninen, Nonappa Nonappa, Olli Ikkala, Hannes Orelma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Cellulose materials offer new biodegradable alternatives for fabricating optical fibers for sensing applications. Unlike glass and polymer optical fibers, these environmentally friendly materials have intrinsic properties making them attractive candidates for functional optical fibers. Cellulose fibers are hygroscopic and thus can rapidly take water vapors from the surroundings and dry quickly. Cellulose-based optical fibers can be manufactured from regenerated cellulose or cellulose derivatives which offer a large property space. They can be resistant or soluble in water, and the refracting index of the material can be tuned as needed. In this work, feasibility for sensor applications of three different cellulose optical fibers have been tested: regenerated cellulose for water and humidity sensing, carboxymethyl cellulose for respiratory rate monitoring, and methylcellulose for short-range 150 Mbit/s signal transmission at 1310 nm. Therefore, fast signal transmission can be achieved with short cellulose-based sensor fibers. The work shows the scientific and technical potential of a novel optical material for photonics.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Diagnostics, Treatment and Environmental Applications XXII
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
EditorsIsrael Gannot, Israel Gannot, Katy Roodenko
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5106-4778-7
ISBN (Print)978-1-5106-4777-0
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSPIE Photonics West 2022 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 22 Jan 202227 Jan 2022

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE


ConferenceSPIE Photonics West 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • cellulose
  • optical fiber
  • sensors
  • methylcellulose
  • carboxymethyl cellulose
  • regenerated cellulose
  • respiratory rate
  • Cellulose


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