Cellulose structure and lignin distribution in normal and compression wood of the Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.)

Seppo Andersson (Corresponding Author), Yurong Wang, Raili Pönni, Tuomas Hänninen, Marko Mononen, Haiqing Ren, Ritva Serimaa, Pekka Saranpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied in detail the mean microfibril angle and the width of cellulose crystals from the pith to the bark of a 15-year-old Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.). The orientation of cellulose microfibrils with respect to the cell axis and the width and length of cellulose crystallites were determined using X-ray diffraction. Raman microscopy was used to compare the lignin distribution in the cell wall of normal/opposite and compression wood, which was found near the pith. Ginkgo biloba showed a relatively large mean microfibril angle, varying between 19° and 39° in the S2 layer, and the average width of cellulose crystallites was 3.1-3.2?nm. Mild compression wood without any intercellular spaces or helical cavities was observed near the pith. Slit-like bordered pit openings and a heavily lignified S2L layer confirmed the presence of compression wood. Ginkgo biloba showed typical features present in the juvenile wood of conifers. The microfibril angle remained large over the 14 annual rings. The entire stem disc, with a diameter of 18?cm, was considered to consist of juvenile wood. The properties of juvenile and compression wood as well as the cellulose orientation and crystalline width indicate that the wood formation of G. biloba is similar to that of modern conifers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-395
JournalJournal of Integrative Plant Biology
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

compression wood
Ginkgo biloba
Lignin
Normal Distribution
Cellulose
lignin
Wood
cellulose
Compaction
juvenile wood
Microfibrils
pith
Coniferophyta
conifers
Crystallites
intercellular spaces
X-ray diffraction
crystals
microscopy
bark

Keywords

  • cellulose structure
  • cell wall
  • compression wood
  • lignin
  • Maidenhair tree
  • microfibril angle

Cite this

Andersson, Seppo ; Wang, Yurong ; Pönni, Raili ; Hänninen, Tuomas ; Mononen, Marko ; Ren, Haiqing ; Serimaa, Ritva ; Saranpää, Pekka. / Cellulose structure and lignin distribution in normal and compression wood of the Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.). In: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology. 2015 ; Vol. 57, No. 4. pp. 388-395.
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title = "Cellulose structure and lignin distribution in normal and compression wood of the Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.)",
abstract = "We studied in detail the mean microfibril angle and the width of cellulose crystals from the pith to the bark of a 15-year-old Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.). The orientation of cellulose microfibrils with respect to the cell axis and the width and length of cellulose crystallites were determined using X-ray diffraction. Raman microscopy was used to compare the lignin distribution in the cell wall of normal/opposite and compression wood, which was found near the pith. Ginkgo biloba showed a relatively large mean microfibril angle, varying between 19° and 39° in the S2 layer, and the average width of cellulose crystallites was 3.1-3.2?nm. Mild compression wood without any intercellular spaces or helical cavities was observed near the pith. Slit-like bordered pit openings and a heavily lignified S2L layer confirmed the presence of compression wood. Ginkgo biloba showed typical features present in the juvenile wood of conifers. The microfibril angle remained large over the 14 annual rings. The entire stem disc, with a diameter of 18?cm, was considered to consist of juvenile wood. The properties of juvenile and compression wood as well as the cellulose orientation and crystalline width indicate that the wood formation of G. biloba is similar to that of modern conifers.",
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Andersson, S, Wang, Y, Pönni, R, Hänninen, T, Mononen, M, Ren, H, Serimaa, R & Saranpää, P 2015, 'Cellulose structure and lignin distribution in normal and compression wood of the Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.)', Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 388-395. https://doi.org/10.1111/jipb.12349

Cellulose structure and lignin distribution in normal and compression wood of the Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.). / Andersson, Seppo (Corresponding Author); Wang, Yurong; Pönni, Raili; Hänninen, Tuomas; Mononen, Marko; Ren, Haiqing; Serimaa, Ritva; Saranpää, Pekka.

In: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2015, p. 388-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cellulose structure and lignin distribution in normal and compression wood of the Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.)

AU - Andersson, Seppo

AU - Wang, Yurong

AU - Pönni, Raili

AU - Hänninen, Tuomas

AU - Mononen, Marko

AU - Ren, Haiqing

AU - Serimaa, Ritva

AU - Saranpää, Pekka

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - We studied in detail the mean microfibril angle and the width of cellulose crystals from the pith to the bark of a 15-year-old Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.). The orientation of cellulose microfibrils with respect to the cell axis and the width and length of cellulose crystallites were determined using X-ray diffraction. Raman microscopy was used to compare the lignin distribution in the cell wall of normal/opposite and compression wood, which was found near the pith. Ginkgo biloba showed a relatively large mean microfibril angle, varying between 19° and 39° in the S2 layer, and the average width of cellulose crystallites was 3.1-3.2?nm. Mild compression wood without any intercellular spaces or helical cavities was observed near the pith. Slit-like bordered pit openings and a heavily lignified S2L layer confirmed the presence of compression wood. Ginkgo biloba showed typical features present in the juvenile wood of conifers. The microfibril angle remained large over the 14 annual rings. The entire stem disc, with a diameter of 18?cm, was considered to consist of juvenile wood. The properties of juvenile and compression wood as well as the cellulose orientation and crystalline width indicate that the wood formation of G. biloba is similar to that of modern conifers.

AB - We studied in detail the mean microfibril angle and the width of cellulose crystals from the pith to the bark of a 15-year-old Maidenhair tree (Ginkgo biloba L.). The orientation of cellulose microfibrils with respect to the cell axis and the width and length of cellulose crystallites were determined using X-ray diffraction. Raman microscopy was used to compare the lignin distribution in the cell wall of normal/opposite and compression wood, which was found near the pith. Ginkgo biloba showed a relatively large mean microfibril angle, varying between 19° and 39° in the S2 layer, and the average width of cellulose crystallites was 3.1-3.2?nm. Mild compression wood without any intercellular spaces or helical cavities was observed near the pith. Slit-like bordered pit openings and a heavily lignified S2L layer confirmed the presence of compression wood. Ginkgo biloba showed typical features present in the juvenile wood of conifers. The microfibril angle remained large over the 14 annual rings. The entire stem disc, with a diameter of 18?cm, was considered to consist of juvenile wood. The properties of juvenile and compression wood as well as the cellulose orientation and crystalline width indicate that the wood formation of G. biloba is similar to that of modern conifers.

KW - cellulose structure

KW - cell wall

KW - compression wood

KW - lignin

KW - Maidenhair tree

KW - microfibril angle

U2 - 10.1111/jipb.12349

DO - 10.1111/jipb.12349

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 388

EP - 395

JO - Journal of Integrative Plant Biology

JF - Journal of Integrative Plant Biology

SN - 1672-9072

IS - 4

ER -