CEN Technical Specification for Solid biofuels: Fuel Specification and Classes

Eija Alakangas, Jouni Valtanen, Jan-Erik Levlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The European Committee for Standardization, CEN (TC335) is currently preparing 30 technical specifications for solid biofuels. The two most important technical specifications being developed deal with classification and specification (CEN/TS 14961) and quality assurance for solid biofuels (CEN/TS 15234). The classification of solid biofuels is based on their origin and source. The fuel production chain of fuels shall be unambiguously traceable back over the whole chain. The biofuels are divided into the following sub-categories for classification: (1) woody biomass, (2) herbaceous biomass, (3) fruit biomass and (4) blends and mixtures. The purpose of classification is to allow the possibility to differentiate and specify biofuel material based on origin with as much detail as needed. The quality classification in a table form was prepared only for major traded solid biofuels: briquettes, pellets, exhausted olive cake, wood chips, hog fuel, wood logs, sawdust, bark, and straw bales. Additionally, a general table was compiled for other biofuels. The most significant properties are normative, and shall be stated in the fuel specification. The classification is flexible, and hence the producer or the consumer may select from each property class the classification that corresponds to the produced or desired fuel quality. This so-called “free classification” does not bind different characteristics with each other. An advantage of this classification is that the producer and the consumer may agree upon characteristics case-by-case. To protect household consumers, examples of so-called “high-quality” fuels are given as an informative annex A of CEN/TS 14961. This paper describes the fuel specifications and classes of solid biofuels, which was published in April 2005.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-914
Number of pages7
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Biofuels
biofuels
biofuel
Specifications
Biomass
wood chips
biomass
olive cake
briquettes
Wood fuels
fuel production
wood logs
Sawdust
sawdust
fuelwood
Straw
Fruits
Quality assurance
standardization
committees

Keywords

  • standardisation
  • solid biofuels
  • biofuels
  • briquettes
  • pellets
  • wood chips
  • hog fuel
  • wood logs
  • sawdust
  • bark
  • classification
  • classes
  • specifications

Cite this

Alakangas, Eija ; Valtanen, Jouni ; Levlin, Jan-Erik. / CEN Technical Specification for Solid biofuels : Fuel Specification and Classes. In: Biomass and Bioenergy. 2006 ; Vol. 30, No. 11. pp. 908-914.
@article{93072d813b7142e6b56f94f08f9287f3,
title = "CEN Technical Specification for Solid biofuels: Fuel Specification and Classes",
abstract = "The European Committee for Standardization, CEN (TC335) is currently preparing 30 technical specifications for solid biofuels. The two most important technical specifications being developed deal with classification and specification (CEN/TS 14961) and quality assurance for solid biofuels (CEN/TS 15234). The classification of solid biofuels is based on their origin and source. The fuel production chain of fuels shall be unambiguously traceable back over the whole chain. The biofuels are divided into the following sub-categories for classification: (1) woody biomass, (2) herbaceous biomass, (3) fruit biomass and (4) blends and mixtures. The purpose of classification is to allow the possibility to differentiate and specify biofuel material based on origin with as much detail as needed. The quality classification in a table form was prepared only for major traded solid biofuels: briquettes, pellets, exhausted olive cake, wood chips, hog fuel, wood logs, sawdust, bark, and straw bales. Additionally, a general table was compiled for other biofuels. The most significant properties are normative, and shall be stated in the fuel specification. The classification is flexible, and hence the producer or the consumer may select from each property class the classification that corresponds to the produced or desired fuel quality. This so-called “free classification” does not bind different characteristics with each other. An advantage of this classification is that the producer and the consumer may agree upon characteristics case-by-case. To protect household consumers, examples of so-called “high-quality” fuels are given as an informative annex A of CEN/TS 14961. This paper describes the fuel specifications and classes of solid biofuels, which was published in April 2005.",
keywords = "standardisation, solid biofuels, biofuels, briquettes, pellets, wood chips, hog fuel, wood logs, sawdust, bark, classification, classes, specifications",
author = "Eija Alakangas and Jouni Valtanen and Jan-Erik Levlin",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.001",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "908--914",
journal = "Biomass and Bioenergy",
issn = "0961-9534",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "11",

}

CEN Technical Specification for Solid biofuels : Fuel Specification and Classes. / Alakangas, Eija; Valtanen, Jouni; Levlin, Jan-Erik.

In: Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 30, No. 11, 2006, p. 908-914.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - CEN Technical Specification for Solid biofuels

T2 - Fuel Specification and Classes

AU - Alakangas, Eija

AU - Valtanen, Jouni

AU - Levlin, Jan-Erik

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The European Committee for Standardization, CEN (TC335) is currently preparing 30 technical specifications for solid biofuels. The two most important technical specifications being developed deal with classification and specification (CEN/TS 14961) and quality assurance for solid biofuels (CEN/TS 15234). The classification of solid biofuels is based on their origin and source. The fuel production chain of fuels shall be unambiguously traceable back over the whole chain. The biofuels are divided into the following sub-categories for classification: (1) woody biomass, (2) herbaceous biomass, (3) fruit biomass and (4) blends and mixtures. The purpose of classification is to allow the possibility to differentiate and specify biofuel material based on origin with as much detail as needed. The quality classification in a table form was prepared only for major traded solid biofuels: briquettes, pellets, exhausted olive cake, wood chips, hog fuel, wood logs, sawdust, bark, and straw bales. Additionally, a general table was compiled for other biofuels. The most significant properties are normative, and shall be stated in the fuel specification. The classification is flexible, and hence the producer or the consumer may select from each property class the classification that corresponds to the produced or desired fuel quality. This so-called “free classification” does not bind different characteristics with each other. An advantage of this classification is that the producer and the consumer may agree upon characteristics case-by-case. To protect household consumers, examples of so-called “high-quality” fuels are given as an informative annex A of CEN/TS 14961. This paper describes the fuel specifications and classes of solid biofuels, which was published in April 2005.

AB - The European Committee for Standardization, CEN (TC335) is currently preparing 30 technical specifications for solid biofuels. The two most important technical specifications being developed deal with classification and specification (CEN/TS 14961) and quality assurance for solid biofuels (CEN/TS 15234). The classification of solid biofuels is based on their origin and source. The fuel production chain of fuels shall be unambiguously traceable back over the whole chain. The biofuels are divided into the following sub-categories for classification: (1) woody biomass, (2) herbaceous biomass, (3) fruit biomass and (4) blends and mixtures. The purpose of classification is to allow the possibility to differentiate and specify biofuel material based on origin with as much detail as needed. The quality classification in a table form was prepared only for major traded solid biofuels: briquettes, pellets, exhausted olive cake, wood chips, hog fuel, wood logs, sawdust, bark, and straw bales. Additionally, a general table was compiled for other biofuels. The most significant properties are normative, and shall be stated in the fuel specification. The classification is flexible, and hence the producer or the consumer may select from each property class the classification that corresponds to the produced or desired fuel quality. This so-called “free classification” does not bind different characteristics with each other. An advantage of this classification is that the producer and the consumer may agree upon characteristics case-by-case. To protect household consumers, examples of so-called “high-quality” fuels are given as an informative annex A of CEN/TS 14961. This paper describes the fuel specifications and classes of solid biofuels, which was published in April 2005.

KW - standardisation

KW - solid biofuels

KW - biofuels

KW - briquettes

KW - pellets

KW - wood chips

KW - hog fuel

KW - wood logs

KW - sawdust

KW - bark

KW - classification

KW - classes

KW - specifications

U2 - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.001

DO - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.001

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 908

EP - 914

JO - Biomass and Bioenergy

JF - Biomass and Bioenergy

SN - 0961-9534

IS - 11

ER -