CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace

Perttu Jukola, Marko Huttunen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

Abstract

Torrefied (thermally treated) biomass and pyrolysis oil are examples of processed, energy dense biofuels that might be utilized in energy production instead of fossil sources. Computational fluid dynamics code Fluent equipped with relevant user-defined sub-models was applied to simulate co-combustion of these supplementary fuels and coal in a full scale pulverized coal fired furnace with a capacity of 275 MWfuel. Biofuel shares up to 40 % by energy were considered. Changes in combustion process (heat transfer, burnout, NOx emissions) compared to normal coal operation were investigated and their influence in boiler performance analysed According to the results there are in general no drastic changes in the furnace process, hence utilization of the supplementary biofuels considered seems feasible from the combustion point of view. Evaporator heat transfer is predicted to decrease slightly especially in pyrolysis oil co-firing. Solid combustion efficiency remains at acceptable level in all cases. Share of unburned carbon fly ash is estimated to increase in torrefied biomass co-firing as a consequence of degrading particle fineness assuming integrated milling of biomass and coal. However total ash flow is remarkably lower. NOx emission reduction up to 20 % can be expected in
co-firing cases with investigated biofuel shares
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioenergy 2013 Book of Proceedings
PublisherBenet Ltd.
Pages248-253
ISBN (Print)978-952-67890-1-9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
EventBioenergy 2013 - Jyväskylä, Finland
Duration: 4 Sep 20136 Sep 2013

Conference

ConferenceBioenergy 2013
CountryFinland
CityJyväskylä
Period4/09/136/09/13

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Computational fluid dynamics
Furnaces
Coal
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Heat transfer
Evaporators
Fly ash
Coal ash
Boilers
Carbon
Oils

Cite this

Jukola, P., & Huttunen, M. (2013). CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace. In Bioenergy 2013 Book of Proceedings (pp. 248-253). Benet Ltd..
Jukola, Perttu ; Huttunen, Marko. / CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace. Bioenergy 2013 Book of Proceedings. Benet Ltd., 2013. pp. 248-253
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title = "CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace",
abstract = "Torrefied (thermally treated) biomass and pyrolysis oil are examples of processed, energy dense biofuels that might be utilized in energy production instead of fossil sources. Computational fluid dynamics code Fluent equipped with relevant user-defined sub-models was applied to simulate co-combustion of these supplementary fuels and coal in a full scale pulverized coal fired furnace with a capacity of 275 MWfuel. Biofuel shares up to 40 {\%} by energy were considered. Changes in combustion process (heat transfer, burnout, NOx emissions) compared to normal coal operation were investigated and their influence in boiler performance analysed According to the results there are in general no drastic changes in the furnace process, hence utilization of the supplementary biofuels considered seems feasible from the combustion point of view. Evaporator heat transfer is predicted to decrease slightly especially in pyrolysis oil co-firing. Solid combustion efficiency remains at acceptable level in all cases. Share of unburned carbon fly ash is estimated to increase in torrefied biomass co-firing as a consequence of degrading particle fineness assuming integrated milling of biomass and coal. However total ash flow is remarkably lower. NOx emission reduction up to 20 {\%} can be expected inco-firing cases with investigated biofuel shares",
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Jukola, P & Huttunen, M 2013, CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace. in Bioenergy 2013 Book of Proceedings. Benet Ltd., pp. 248-253, Bioenergy 2013, Jyväskylä, Finland, 4/09/13.

CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace. / Jukola, Perttu; Huttunen, Marko.

Bioenergy 2013 Book of Proceedings. Benet Ltd., 2013. p. 248-253.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

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N2 - Torrefied (thermally treated) biomass and pyrolysis oil are examples of processed, energy dense biofuels that might be utilized in energy production instead of fossil sources. Computational fluid dynamics code Fluent equipped with relevant user-defined sub-models was applied to simulate co-combustion of these supplementary fuels and coal in a full scale pulverized coal fired furnace with a capacity of 275 MWfuel. Biofuel shares up to 40 % by energy were considered. Changes in combustion process (heat transfer, burnout, NOx emissions) compared to normal coal operation were investigated and their influence in boiler performance analysed According to the results there are in general no drastic changes in the furnace process, hence utilization of the supplementary biofuels considered seems feasible from the combustion point of view. Evaporator heat transfer is predicted to decrease slightly especially in pyrolysis oil co-firing. Solid combustion efficiency remains at acceptable level in all cases. Share of unburned carbon fly ash is estimated to increase in torrefied biomass co-firing as a consequence of degrading particle fineness assuming integrated milling of biomass and coal. However total ash flow is remarkably lower. NOx emission reduction up to 20 % can be expected inco-firing cases with investigated biofuel shares

AB - Torrefied (thermally treated) biomass and pyrolysis oil are examples of processed, energy dense biofuels that might be utilized in energy production instead of fossil sources. Computational fluid dynamics code Fluent equipped with relevant user-defined sub-models was applied to simulate co-combustion of these supplementary fuels and coal in a full scale pulverized coal fired furnace with a capacity of 275 MWfuel. Biofuel shares up to 40 % by energy were considered. Changes in combustion process (heat transfer, burnout, NOx emissions) compared to normal coal operation were investigated and their influence in boiler performance analysed According to the results there are in general no drastic changes in the furnace process, hence utilization of the supplementary biofuels considered seems feasible from the combustion point of view. Evaporator heat transfer is predicted to decrease slightly especially in pyrolysis oil co-firing. Solid combustion efficiency remains at acceptable level in all cases. Share of unburned carbon fly ash is estimated to increase in torrefied biomass co-firing as a consequence of degrading particle fineness assuming integrated milling of biomass and coal. However total ash flow is remarkably lower. NOx emission reduction up to 20 % can be expected inco-firing cases with investigated biofuel shares

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Jukola P, Huttunen M. CFD simulation of biofuel and coal co-combustion in a pulverized coal fired furnace. In Bioenergy 2013 Book of Proceedings. Benet Ltd. 2013. p. 248-253