CFD simulations of direct-contact condensation of horizontal vapor jets

T. Pättikangas, J. Peltola, V. Hovi, M. Puustinen, A. Räsänen, E. Kotro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct-contact condensation of vapor jets in a water pool has been studied experimentally with the SEF-POOL test facility at Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT (LUT University). In the experiments, vapor jets were injected horizontally into a water pool through three orifices having a diameter of 16 mm. The temperature of the water was fairly high (67 °C) and the mass flux of steam through the orifices was quite low (24.5 kg/m2s). The classification maps found in literature suggest that the parameters of the experiment are in the transition region between condensation oscillation and chugging. One of the direct-contact condensation (DCC) experiments was simulated with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations. In the simulations, the reactingTwoPhaseEulerFoam solver from OpenFOAM Foundation development line was used. The simulation results were compared with pressure measurements and high-speed video from the experiment. The calculated chugging oscillation was found to be qualitatively quite similar as in the experiment. The period of the oscillation was, however, in the simulations shorter than in the experiment. The calculated pressure oscillations were clearly higher than the measured values. The reactingTwoPhaseEulerFoam solver was found to be robust and fast, when proper selection of solver parameters were chosen.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019
PublisherAmerican Nuclear Society ANS
Pages1583-1596
Number of pages14
Editioncd-rom
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-89448-767-5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019 - Portland, United States
Duration: 18 Aug 201923 Aug 2019

Conference

Conference18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019
Abbreviated titleNURETH-18
CountryUnited States
CityPortland
Period18/08/1923/08/19

Fingerprint

vapor jets
computational fluid dynamics
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
combustion stability
Condensation
Computational fluid dynamics
condensation
Vapors
orifices
oscillations
Computer simulation
water
pressure oscillations
simulation
Experiments
test facilities
pressure measurement
Orifices
steam
high speed

Keywords

  • CFD
  • DCC
  • Direct-contact condensation
  • OpenFOAM

Cite this

Pättikangas, T., Peltola, J., Hovi, V., Puustinen, M., Räsänen, A., & Kotro, E. (2019). CFD simulations of direct-contact condensation of horizontal vapor jets. In 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019 (cd-rom ed., pp. 1583-1596). American Nuclear Society ANS.
Pättikangas, T. ; Peltola, J. ; Hovi, V. ; Puustinen, M. ; Räsänen, A. ; Kotro, E. / CFD simulations of direct-contact condensation of horizontal vapor jets. 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019. cd-rom. ed. American Nuclear Society ANS, 2019. pp. 1583-1596
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abstract = "Direct-contact condensation of vapor jets in a water pool has been studied experimentally with the SEF-POOL test facility at Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT (LUT University). In the experiments, vapor jets were injected horizontally into a water pool through three orifices having a diameter of 16 mm. The temperature of the water was fairly high (67 °C) and the mass flux of steam through the orifices was quite low (24.5 kg/m2s). The classification maps found in literature suggest that the parameters of the experiment are in the transition region between condensation oscillation and chugging. One of the direct-contact condensation (DCC) experiments was simulated with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations. In the simulations, the reactingTwoPhaseEulerFoam solver from OpenFOAM Foundation development line was used. The simulation results were compared with pressure measurements and high-speed video from the experiment. The calculated chugging oscillation was found to be qualitatively quite similar as in the experiment. The period of the oscillation was, however, in the simulations shorter than in the experiment. The calculated pressure oscillations were clearly higher than the measured values. The reactingTwoPhaseEulerFoam solver was found to be robust and fast, when proper selection of solver parameters were chosen.",
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Pättikangas, T, Peltola, J, Hovi, V, Puustinen, M, Räsänen, A & Kotro, E 2019, CFD simulations of direct-contact condensation of horizontal vapor jets. in 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019. cd-rom edn, American Nuclear Society ANS, pp. 1583-1596, 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019, Portland, United States, 18/08/19.

CFD simulations of direct-contact condensation of horizontal vapor jets. / Pättikangas, T.; Peltola, J.; Hovi, V.; Puustinen, M.; Räsänen, A.; Kotro, E.

18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019. cd-rom. ed. American Nuclear Society ANS, 2019. p. 1583-1596.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Kotro, E.

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AB - Direct-contact condensation of vapor jets in a water pool has been studied experimentally with the SEF-POOL test facility at Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT (LUT University). In the experiments, vapor jets were injected horizontally into a water pool through three orifices having a diameter of 16 mm. The temperature of the water was fairly high (67 °C) and the mass flux of steam through the orifices was quite low (24.5 kg/m2s). The classification maps found in literature suggest that the parameters of the experiment are in the transition region between condensation oscillation and chugging. One of the direct-contact condensation (DCC) experiments was simulated with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations. In the simulations, the reactingTwoPhaseEulerFoam solver from OpenFOAM Foundation development line was used. The simulation results were compared with pressure measurements and high-speed video from the experiment. The calculated chugging oscillation was found to be qualitatively quite similar as in the experiment. The period of the oscillation was, however, in the simulations shorter than in the experiment. The calculated pressure oscillations were clearly higher than the measured values. The reactingTwoPhaseEulerFoam solver was found to be robust and fast, when proper selection of solver parameters were chosen.

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PB - American Nuclear Society ANS

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Pättikangas T, Peltola J, Hovi V, Puustinen M, Räsänen A, Kotro E. CFD simulations of direct-contact condensation of horizontal vapor jets. In 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019. cd-rom ed. American Nuclear Society ANS. 2019. p. 1583-1596