Challenges for remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in oil and chemicals detection in Arctic conditions: Finnish experiences

Jukka Sassi (Corresponding author), Jorma Rytkönen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleProfessional

Abstract

The objective of the two-phase field trials was to increase hands-on experience of the selected sensors and platforms in oil and chemical detection under arctic conditions. The oil detection tests included several sensors, a drone and a helicopter as platforms and HFO180 as the test oil. Two basins with different ice/water ratios and oil and one reference basin without oil were used as the target areas. The results indicated that the Blue-Hawk™ fluorosensor was too heavy for the drone and it was tested as a handhold option. Hyperspectral camera results showed differences in spectral data collected in the basins. Some uncertainties in the data analysis were encountered, thus more comprehensive reference data would help to make more reliable conclusions. The analyses requires expertise and time but it is anticipated that in forthcoming years the data processing improves and speeds up. OWL™ LiDAR detected the oil in both basins and confirmed that the technology is suitable for a helicopter platform. The Optris IR thermometer identified the thickest oil layer; an average time of one minute above the target area might not be sufficient for the image collection. The detection of different chemicals with selected sensors were accomplished with a drone as the platform. Aeromon BH-8 module detected and quantified previously known compounds. Dräger indicator tubes showed the increased ammonia (NH3) concentration near the target area and ChemPro 100i detector clearly sensed ammonia. Both the SKC-226-01 sorbent tube and 3M Organic Vapor Diffusion Monitor detected that xylenes, toluene, benzene, chloroform, tetrachloroethane and acetone were vaporised in the air from the bottles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages34-70
Number of pages37
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018 - Victoria, Canada
Duration: 2 Oct 20184 Oct 2018

Conference

Conference41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018
Abbreviated titleAMOP 2018
CountryCanada
CityVictoria
Period2/10/184/10/18

Fingerprint

Chemical detection
aircraft
Aircraft
oil
sensor
basin
Helicopters
Ammonia
Sensors
ammonia
Thermometers
Bottles
xylene
Xylene
Chlorine compounds
chloroform
Sorbents
Oils
chemical
detection

Keywords

  • acetone
  • ammonia
  • chemical detection
  • chlorine compunds
  • tetrachloroethane
  • hyper-spectral cameras
  • helicopter platform

Cite this

Sassi, J., & Rytkönen, J. (2018). Challenges for remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in oil and chemicals detection in Arctic conditions: Finnish experiences. 34-70. Paper presented at 41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018, Victoria, Canada.
Sassi, Jukka ; Rytkönen, Jorma. / Challenges for remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in oil and chemicals detection in Arctic conditions : Finnish experiences. Paper presented at 41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018, Victoria, Canada.37 p.
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Sassi, J & Rytkönen, J 2018, 'Challenges for remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in oil and chemicals detection in Arctic conditions: Finnish experiences' Paper presented at 41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018, Victoria, Canada, 2/10/18 - 4/10/18, pp. 34-70.

Challenges for remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in oil and chemicals detection in Arctic conditions : Finnish experiences. / Sassi, Jukka (Corresponding author); Rytkönen, Jorma.

2018. 34-70 Paper presented at 41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018, Victoria, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleProfessional

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N2 - The objective of the two-phase field trials was to increase hands-on experience of the selected sensors and platforms in oil and chemical detection under arctic conditions. The oil detection tests included several sensors, a drone and a helicopter as platforms and HFO180 as the test oil. Two basins with different ice/water ratios and oil and one reference basin without oil were used as the target areas. The results indicated that the Blue-Hawk™ fluorosensor was too heavy for the drone and it was tested as a handhold option. Hyperspectral camera results showed differences in spectral data collected in the basins. Some uncertainties in the data analysis were encountered, thus more comprehensive reference data would help to make more reliable conclusions. The analyses requires expertise and time but it is anticipated that in forthcoming years the data processing improves and speeds up. OWL™ LiDAR detected the oil in both basins and confirmed that the technology is suitable for a helicopter platform. The Optris IR thermometer identified the thickest oil layer; an average time of one minute above the target area might not be sufficient for the image collection. The detection of different chemicals with selected sensors were accomplished with a drone as the platform. Aeromon BH-8 module detected and quantified previously known compounds. Dräger indicator tubes showed the increased ammonia (NH3) concentration near the target area and ChemPro 100i detector clearly sensed ammonia. Both the SKC-226-01 sorbent tube and 3M Organic Vapor Diffusion Monitor detected that xylenes, toluene, benzene, chloroform, tetrachloroethane and acetone were vaporised in the air from the bottles.

AB - The objective of the two-phase field trials was to increase hands-on experience of the selected sensors and platforms in oil and chemical detection under arctic conditions. The oil detection tests included several sensors, a drone and a helicopter as platforms and HFO180 as the test oil. Two basins with different ice/water ratios and oil and one reference basin without oil were used as the target areas. The results indicated that the Blue-Hawk™ fluorosensor was too heavy for the drone and it was tested as a handhold option. Hyperspectral camera results showed differences in spectral data collected in the basins. Some uncertainties in the data analysis were encountered, thus more comprehensive reference data would help to make more reliable conclusions. The analyses requires expertise and time but it is anticipated that in forthcoming years the data processing improves and speeds up. OWL™ LiDAR detected the oil in both basins and confirmed that the technology is suitable for a helicopter platform. The Optris IR thermometer identified the thickest oil layer; an average time of one minute above the target area might not be sufficient for the image collection. The detection of different chemicals with selected sensors were accomplished with a drone as the platform. Aeromon BH-8 module detected and quantified previously known compounds. Dräger indicator tubes showed the increased ammonia (NH3) concentration near the target area and ChemPro 100i detector clearly sensed ammonia. Both the SKC-226-01 sorbent tube and 3M Organic Vapor Diffusion Monitor detected that xylenes, toluene, benzene, chloroform, tetrachloroethane and acetone were vaporised in the air from the bottles.

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KW - tetrachloroethane

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KW - helicopter platform

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Sassi J, Rytkönen J. Challenges for remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in oil and chemicals detection in Arctic conditions: Finnish experiences. 2018. Paper presented at 41st AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, AMOP 2018, Victoria, Canada.