Changes in fiber ultrastructure during various kraft pulping conditions evaluated by 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy

Tommi Virtanen (Corresponding Author), Sirkka Liisa Maunu, Tarja Tamminen, Bo Hortling, Tiina Liitiä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to obtain information about the correlation of cellulose fibril aggregate size with the macroscale properties of the wood pulp fibers, three kraft cooking methods with widely varying cooking conditions were used to produce kraft pulps having significantly different physical properties. Variations in cooking conditions included different cooking temperatures, and changes in alkalinity and sulfidity levels. The ultrastructure of these kraft pulps was analysed using 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. From measured spectra cellulose fibril aggregate sizes were determined by means of deconvolution. It was observed that changes in kraft pulping conditions have effect on aggregate size in studied pulps. No clear correlation however between aggregate sizes and physical properties of the pulps was observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-163
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Kraft process
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Pulp cooking
Pulp
Fibers
Kraft pulp
Cooking
Cellulose
Physical properties
Deconvolution
Alkalinity
Wood
Temperature

Keywords

  • 13C CPMAS NMR
  • cellulose
  • fibril aggregation
  • kraft pulp
  • deconvolution

Cite this

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title = "Changes in fiber ultrastructure during various kraft pulping conditions evaluated by 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy",
abstract = "In order to obtain information about the correlation of cellulose fibril aggregate size with the macroscale properties of the wood pulp fibers, three kraft cooking methods with widely varying cooking conditions were used to produce kraft pulps having significantly different physical properties. Variations in cooking conditions included different cooking temperatures, and changes in alkalinity and sulfidity levels. The ultrastructure of these kraft pulps was analysed using 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. From measured spectra cellulose fibril aggregate sizes were determined by means of deconvolution. It was observed that changes in kraft pulping conditions have effect on aggregate size in studied pulps. No clear correlation however between aggregate sizes and physical properties of the pulps was observed.",
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Changes in fiber ultrastructure during various kraft pulping conditions evaluated by 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. / Virtanen, Tommi (Corresponding Author); Maunu, Sirkka Liisa; Tamminen, Tarja; Hortling, Bo; Liitiä, Tiina.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 73, No. 1, 2008, p. 156-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in fiber ultrastructure during various kraft pulping conditions evaluated by 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy

AU - Virtanen, Tommi

AU - Maunu, Sirkka Liisa

AU - Tamminen, Tarja

AU - Hortling, Bo

AU - Liitiä, Tiina

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - In order to obtain information about the correlation of cellulose fibril aggregate size with the macroscale properties of the wood pulp fibers, three kraft cooking methods with widely varying cooking conditions were used to produce kraft pulps having significantly different physical properties. Variations in cooking conditions included different cooking temperatures, and changes in alkalinity and sulfidity levels. The ultrastructure of these kraft pulps was analysed using 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. From measured spectra cellulose fibril aggregate sizes were determined by means of deconvolution. It was observed that changes in kraft pulping conditions have effect on aggregate size in studied pulps. No clear correlation however between aggregate sizes and physical properties of the pulps was observed.

AB - In order to obtain information about the correlation of cellulose fibril aggregate size with the macroscale properties of the wood pulp fibers, three kraft cooking methods with widely varying cooking conditions were used to produce kraft pulps having significantly different physical properties. Variations in cooking conditions included different cooking temperatures, and changes in alkalinity and sulfidity levels. The ultrastructure of these kraft pulps was analysed using 13C CPMAS NMR spectroscopy. From measured spectra cellulose fibril aggregate sizes were determined by means of deconvolution. It was observed that changes in kraft pulping conditions have effect on aggregate size in studied pulps. No clear correlation however between aggregate sizes and physical properties of the pulps was observed.

KW - 13C CPMAS NMR

KW - cellulose

KW - fibril aggregation

KW - kraft pulp

KW - deconvolution

U2 - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2007.11.015

DO - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2007.11.015

M3 - Article

VL - 73

SP - 156

EP - 163

JO - Carbohydrate Polymers

JF - Carbohydrate Polymers

SN - 0144-8617

IS - 1

ER -