Changes in gas composition and extracellular enzyme activity during growth of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) on sawdust

Merja Itävaara, Raimo Mattsson, Tapani Suortti, Raija Ahvenainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Atmospheric O2 and CO2, extracellular laccase, cellulase and xylanase activities were determined weekly from sawdust cultures of the shiitake mushroom during the three-month vegetative phase. Two strains were compared: a normal strain (2105) and a mutant strain (2105 D).
The CO2 concentration in the plastic bag culture of the normal strain increased in a couple of week to over 10% and the O2 decreased to 2.4% with the normal strain. Changes in the gas atmosphere inside the sawdust cultures of the mutant strain started more slowly. The CO2 concentration later increased to a higher level than that with the normal strain. All the enzyme activities (laccase. xylanase and cellulase) of the normal strain started at an earlier stage than those of the mutant strain.
These results indicated that the mutant strain had a longer adaptation phase in the sawdust medium, i.e. it grew more slowly. Laccase was the first enzyme to appear in the medium of both strains. During weeks 4 and 8 the mutant strain showed much higher xylanase and cellulase activities than the normal strain.
Fructose was totally depleted before fruiting in the medium of both strains. Glucose and mannitol decreased in the medium of the normal strain. but not in the medium of the abnormal one. Abnormal fruiting of the mutant strain was considered to be due to differences in carbohydrate metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-299
JournalMaterial und Organismen
Volume27
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Shiitake Mushrooms
Laccase
Lentinula edodes
Cellulase
sawdust
Gases
gases
enzyme activity
Enzymes
Growth
Carbohydrate Metabolism
Mannitol
Fructose
Atmosphere
Plastics
mutants
laccase
Glucose
xylanases
endo-1,4-beta-glucanase

Cite this

Itävaara, Merja ; Mattsson, Raimo ; Suortti, Tapani ; Ahvenainen, Raija. / Changes in gas composition and extracellular enzyme activity during growth of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) on sawdust. In: Material und Organismen. 1992 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 285-299.
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title = "Changes in gas composition and extracellular enzyme activity during growth of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) on sawdust",
abstract = "Atmospheric O2 and CO2, extracellular laccase, cellulase and xylanase activities were determined weekly from sawdust cultures of the shiitake mushroom during the three-month vegetative phase. Two strains were compared: a normal strain (2105) and a mutant strain (2105 D). The CO2 concentration in the plastic bag culture of the normal strain increased in a couple of week to over 10{\%} and the O2 decreased to 2.4{\%} with the normal strain. Changes in the gas atmosphere inside the sawdust cultures of the mutant strain started more slowly. The CO2 concentration later increased to a higher level than that with the normal strain. All the enzyme activities (laccase. xylanase and cellulase) of the normal strain started at an earlier stage than those of the mutant strain. These results indicated that the mutant strain had a longer adaptation phase in the sawdust medium, i.e. it grew more slowly. Laccase was the first enzyme to appear in the medium of both strains. During weeks 4 and 8 the mutant strain showed much higher xylanase and cellulase activities than the normal strain. Fructose was totally depleted before fruiting in the medium of both strains. Glucose and mannitol decreased in the medium of the normal strain. but not in the medium of the abnormal one. Abnormal fruiting of the mutant strain was considered to be due to differences in carbohydrate metabolism.",
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year = "1992",
language = "English",
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pages = "285--299",
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Itävaara, M, Mattsson, R, Suortti, T & Ahvenainen, R 1992, 'Changes in gas composition and extracellular enzyme activity during growth of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) on sawdust', Material und Organismen, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 285-299.

Changes in gas composition and extracellular enzyme activity during growth of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) on sawdust. / Itävaara, Merja; Mattsson, Raimo; Suortti, Tapani; Ahvenainen, Raija.

In: Material und Organismen, Vol. 27, No. 4, 1992, p. 285-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Changes in gas composition and extracellular enzyme activity during growth of Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) on sawdust

AU - Itävaara, Merja

AU - Mattsson, Raimo

AU - Suortti, Tapani

AU - Ahvenainen, Raija

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Atmospheric O2 and CO2, extracellular laccase, cellulase and xylanase activities were determined weekly from sawdust cultures of the shiitake mushroom during the three-month vegetative phase. Two strains were compared: a normal strain (2105) and a mutant strain (2105 D). The CO2 concentration in the plastic bag culture of the normal strain increased in a couple of week to over 10% and the O2 decreased to 2.4% with the normal strain. Changes in the gas atmosphere inside the sawdust cultures of the mutant strain started more slowly. The CO2 concentration later increased to a higher level than that with the normal strain. All the enzyme activities (laccase. xylanase and cellulase) of the normal strain started at an earlier stage than those of the mutant strain. These results indicated that the mutant strain had a longer adaptation phase in the sawdust medium, i.e. it grew more slowly. Laccase was the first enzyme to appear in the medium of both strains. During weeks 4 and 8 the mutant strain showed much higher xylanase and cellulase activities than the normal strain. Fructose was totally depleted before fruiting in the medium of both strains. Glucose and mannitol decreased in the medium of the normal strain. but not in the medium of the abnormal one. Abnormal fruiting of the mutant strain was considered to be due to differences in carbohydrate metabolism.

AB - Atmospheric O2 and CO2, extracellular laccase, cellulase and xylanase activities were determined weekly from sawdust cultures of the shiitake mushroom during the three-month vegetative phase. Two strains were compared: a normal strain (2105) and a mutant strain (2105 D). The CO2 concentration in the plastic bag culture of the normal strain increased in a couple of week to over 10% and the O2 decreased to 2.4% with the normal strain. Changes in the gas atmosphere inside the sawdust cultures of the mutant strain started more slowly. The CO2 concentration later increased to a higher level than that with the normal strain. All the enzyme activities (laccase. xylanase and cellulase) of the normal strain started at an earlier stage than those of the mutant strain. These results indicated that the mutant strain had a longer adaptation phase in the sawdust medium, i.e. it grew more slowly. Laccase was the first enzyme to appear in the medium of both strains. During weeks 4 and 8 the mutant strain showed much higher xylanase and cellulase activities than the normal strain. Fructose was totally depleted before fruiting in the medium of both strains. Glucose and mannitol decreased in the medium of the normal strain. but not in the medium of the abnormal one. Abnormal fruiting of the mutant strain was considered to be due to differences in carbohydrate metabolism.

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JO - Material und Organismen

JF - Material und Organismen

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