Changes in the phytochemical profile of rye bran induced by enzymatic bioprocessing and sourdough fermentation

Ville Mikael Koistinen (Corresponding Author), Kati Katina, Emilia A. Nordlund, Kaisa S. Poutanen, Kati J. Hanhineva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rye bran is a rich source of phytochemicals, such as alkylresorcinols, benzoxazinoids, and phenolic acids, which likely are attributing to the positive health effects of whole-grain foods. In this study, we examined the effect of two types of bioprocessing of rye bran on the phytochemical profile as compared with non-processed rye bran, using a non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics method. The four breads included in the study were commercial sourdough rye bread baked with 100% rye flour, a white wheat bread, a white wheat bread fortified with native rye bran, and a white wheat bread fortified with bioprocessed rye bran. The changes induced by the combination of enzymatic processing and yeast fermentation in the phytochemical pool were dissimilar to sourdough fermentation. Notably, the amount of free phenolic acids in bran was significantly increased, some of the hexose moieties were released from benzoxazinoids, and alkylresorcinols experienced moderate degradation. The enzymatic bioprocessing increased the bioaccessibility of several phytochemicals, thus making breads fortified with bioprocessed rye bran attractive targets of functional food development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1106-1115
JournalFood Research International
Volume89
Issue numberPart 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

rye bran
bioprocessing
sourdough
Phytochemicals
phytopharmaceuticals
Fermentation
Bread
fermentation
benzoxazinoids
alkylresorcinols
breads
Benzoxazines
Triticum
phenolic acids
wheat
rye flour
white bread
whole grain foods
bran
metabolomics

Keywords

  • bioprocessing
  • bran
  • metabolomics
  • phytochemical
  • rye
  • sourdough

Cite this

@article{f485c70e23514468ae49da69cd058166,
title = "Changes in the phytochemical profile of rye bran induced by enzymatic bioprocessing and sourdough fermentation",
abstract = "Rye bran is a rich source of phytochemicals, such as alkylresorcinols, benzoxazinoids, and phenolic acids, which likely are attributing to the positive health effects of whole-grain foods. In this study, we examined the effect of two types of bioprocessing of rye bran on the phytochemical profile as compared with non-processed rye bran, using a non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics method. The four breads included in the study were commercial sourdough rye bread baked with 100{\%} rye flour, a white wheat bread, a white wheat bread fortified with native rye bran, and a white wheat bread fortified with bioprocessed rye bran. The changes induced by the combination of enzymatic processing and yeast fermentation in the phytochemical pool were dissimilar to sourdough fermentation. Notably, the amount of free phenolic acids in bran was significantly increased, some of the hexose moieties were released from benzoxazinoids, and alkylresorcinols experienced moderate degradation. The enzymatic bioprocessing increased the bioaccessibility of several phytochemicals, thus making breads fortified with bioprocessed rye bran attractive targets of functional food development.",
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Changes in the phytochemical profile of rye bran induced by enzymatic bioprocessing and sourdough fermentation. / Koistinen, Ville Mikael (Corresponding Author); Katina, Kati; Nordlund, Emilia A.; Poutanen, Kaisa S.; Hanhineva, Kati J.

In: Food Research International, Vol. 89, No. Part 3, 2016, p. 1106-1115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in the phytochemical profile of rye bran induced by enzymatic bioprocessing and sourdough fermentation

AU - Koistinen, Ville Mikael

AU - Katina, Kati

AU - Nordlund, Emilia A.

AU - Poutanen, Kaisa S.

AU - Hanhineva, Kati J.

PY - 2016

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N2 - Rye bran is a rich source of phytochemicals, such as alkylresorcinols, benzoxazinoids, and phenolic acids, which likely are attributing to the positive health effects of whole-grain foods. In this study, we examined the effect of two types of bioprocessing of rye bran on the phytochemical profile as compared with non-processed rye bran, using a non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics method. The four breads included in the study were commercial sourdough rye bread baked with 100% rye flour, a white wheat bread, a white wheat bread fortified with native rye bran, and a white wheat bread fortified with bioprocessed rye bran. The changes induced by the combination of enzymatic processing and yeast fermentation in the phytochemical pool were dissimilar to sourdough fermentation. Notably, the amount of free phenolic acids in bran was significantly increased, some of the hexose moieties were released from benzoxazinoids, and alkylresorcinols experienced moderate degradation. The enzymatic bioprocessing increased the bioaccessibility of several phytochemicals, thus making breads fortified with bioprocessed rye bran attractive targets of functional food development.

AB - Rye bran is a rich source of phytochemicals, such as alkylresorcinols, benzoxazinoids, and phenolic acids, which likely are attributing to the positive health effects of whole-grain foods. In this study, we examined the effect of two types of bioprocessing of rye bran on the phytochemical profile as compared with non-processed rye bran, using a non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics method. The four breads included in the study were commercial sourdough rye bread baked with 100% rye flour, a white wheat bread, a white wheat bread fortified with native rye bran, and a white wheat bread fortified with bioprocessed rye bran. The changes induced by the combination of enzymatic processing and yeast fermentation in the phytochemical pool were dissimilar to sourdough fermentation. Notably, the amount of free phenolic acids in bran was significantly increased, some of the hexose moieties were released from benzoxazinoids, and alkylresorcinols experienced moderate degradation. The enzymatic bioprocessing increased the bioaccessibility of several phytochemicals, thus making breads fortified with bioprocessed rye bran attractive targets of functional food development.

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