Changing impact of import and export on agricultural land use

The case of Finland 1961-2007

V Sandström, L Saikku (Corresponding Author), R Antikainen, Laura Sokka, P Kauppi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agricultural products and raw materials for food industries are increasingly being traded across national borders. Import and export statistics of Finland, related to food and its raw materials, were collected and analysed for the period 1961 to 2007. Export transfers from Finland contained mainly grains, while sugar, coffee and fruits, but also grains and soya were imported. Both imports and exports grew from 1961 to 2007. We converted the tons traded across country borders into estimates of the land area required for agricultural production at the source. A long term general trend was detected in the difference between imports and exports. The net deficit between imports and exports systematically, first, decreased (1961-1990), then increased (1991-2007). However, the dominance of imports by 2007 was estimated at no larger than approximately 233,000 ha, in comparison to 2.3 million ha of Finland in active farming. Land use pressure abroad must be taken into consideration when assessing the environmental impacts of food consumption on the environment. Land area related to agricultural trade has been affected by globalising markets, changing life styles, improving agricultural yields worldwide and changing agricultural policies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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imports
Finland
import
agricultural land
land use
raw materials
agricultural trade
food industry
agricultural policy
food consumption
coffee
agricultural products
agricultural production
lifestyle
sugar
environmental impact
statistics
farming systems
fruit
agriculture

Keywords

  • Environment
  • food
  • international trade
  • land use
  • trade

Cite this

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title = "Changing impact of import and export on agricultural land use: The case of Finland 1961-2007",
abstract = "Agricultural products and raw materials for food industries are increasingly being traded across national borders. Import and export statistics of Finland, related to food and its raw materials, were collected and analysed for the period 1961 to 2007. Export transfers from Finland contained mainly grains, while sugar, coffee and fruits, but also grains and soya were imported. Both imports and exports grew from 1961 to 2007. We converted the tons traded across country borders into estimates of the land area required for agricultural production at the source. A long term general trend was detected in the difference between imports and exports. The net deficit between imports and exports systematically, first, decreased (1961-1990), then increased (1991-2007). However, the dominance of imports by 2007 was estimated at no larger than approximately 233,000 ha, in comparison to 2.3 million ha of Finland in active farming. Land use pressure abroad must be taken into consideration when assessing the environmental impacts of food consumption on the environment. Land area related to agricultural trade has been affected by globalising markets, changing life styles, improving agricultural yields worldwide and changing agricultural policies.",
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Changing impact of import and export on agricultural land use : The case of Finland 1961-2007. / Sandström, V; Saikku, L (Corresponding Author); Antikainen, R; Sokka, Laura; Kauppi, P.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 188, 2014, p. 163-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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T2 - The case of Finland 1961-2007

AU - Sandström, V

AU - Saikku, L

AU - Antikainen, R

AU - Sokka, Laura

AU - Kauppi, P

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Agricultural products and raw materials for food industries are increasingly being traded across national borders. Import and export statistics of Finland, related to food and its raw materials, were collected and analysed for the period 1961 to 2007. Export transfers from Finland contained mainly grains, while sugar, coffee and fruits, but also grains and soya were imported. Both imports and exports grew from 1961 to 2007. We converted the tons traded across country borders into estimates of the land area required for agricultural production at the source. A long term general trend was detected in the difference between imports and exports. The net deficit between imports and exports systematically, first, decreased (1961-1990), then increased (1991-2007). However, the dominance of imports by 2007 was estimated at no larger than approximately 233,000 ha, in comparison to 2.3 million ha of Finland in active farming. Land use pressure abroad must be taken into consideration when assessing the environmental impacts of food consumption on the environment. Land area related to agricultural trade has been affected by globalising markets, changing life styles, improving agricultural yields worldwide and changing agricultural policies.

AB - Agricultural products and raw materials for food industries are increasingly being traded across national borders. Import and export statistics of Finland, related to food and its raw materials, were collected and analysed for the period 1961 to 2007. Export transfers from Finland contained mainly grains, while sugar, coffee and fruits, but also grains and soya were imported. Both imports and exports grew from 1961 to 2007. We converted the tons traded across country borders into estimates of the land area required for agricultural production at the source. A long term general trend was detected in the difference between imports and exports. The net deficit between imports and exports systematically, first, decreased (1961-1990), then increased (1991-2007). However, the dominance of imports by 2007 was estimated at no larger than approximately 233,000 ha, in comparison to 2.3 million ha of Finland in active farming. Land use pressure abroad must be taken into consideration when assessing the environmental impacts of food consumption on the environment. Land area related to agricultural trade has been affected by globalising markets, changing life styles, improving agricultural yields worldwide and changing agricultural policies.

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