Changing quality of recycled fiber material: Part 1. Factors affecting the quality and an approach for characterisation of the strength potential

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The paper recycling sector has undergone major changes in recent years, particularly regarding the quantity and quality of various materials processed. Material originating from board grades will increasingly dominate the recycling market as the use of printing papers decreases and the amount of non-fiber elements increases. Users of recycled fiber material have to overcome three main challenges: price, quality, and availability. This paper focuses on the quality dilemma in terms of measurement needs and possibilities from the user viewpoint. It includes a discussion of the factors causing deterioration in the quality of paper used for recycling. Today, the average fiber age is low compared to what the fibres can tolerate. Therefore, the characteristic phenomenona in the paper recycling loop are not caused by the degradation of individual fibers, but by a blending process in which different fiber grades and non-fiber components are blended in a non-optimal way. A novel method iss introduced for evaluating the quality of recycled fiber material using a new parameter, the fiber integrity value. The part 2 of this paper will focus on the application of this new parameter and demonstrates its correlation with paper properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10404-10418
JournalBioResources
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Fibers
Recycling
recycling
fibre
material
Deterioration
Printing
Availability
Degradation
market
paper
parameter

Keywords

  • paper recycling
  • fiber
  • strength potential
  • fiber integrity values

Cite this

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title = "Changing quality of recycled fiber material: Part 1. Factors affecting the quality and an approach for characterisation of the strength potential",
abstract = "The paper recycling sector has undergone major changes in recent years, particularly regarding the quantity and quality of various materials processed. Material originating from board grades will increasingly dominate the recycling market as the use of printing papers decreases and the amount of non-fiber elements increases. Users of recycled fiber material have to overcome three main challenges: price, quality, and availability. This paper focuses on the quality dilemma in terms of measurement needs and possibilities from the user viewpoint. It includes a discussion of the factors causing deterioration in the quality of paper used for recycling. Today, the average fiber age is low compared to what the fibres can tolerate. Therefore, the characteristic phenomenona in the paper recycling loop are not caused by the degradation of individual fibers, but by a blending process in which different fiber grades and non-fiber components are blended in a non-optimal way. A novel method iss introduced for evaluating the quality of recycled fiber material using a new parameter, the fiber integrity value. The part 2 of this paper will focus on the application of this new parameter and demonstrates its correlation with paper properties.",
keywords = "paper recycling, fiber, strength potential, fiber integrity values",
author = "Janne Ker{\"a}nen and Elias Retulainen",
note = "Project code: 100818",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.15376/biores.11.4.",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "10404--10418",
journal = "BioResources",
issn = "1930-2126",
publisher = "North Carolina State University",
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}

Changing quality of recycled fiber material : Part 1. Factors affecting the quality and an approach for characterisation of the strength potential. / Keränen, Janne; Retulainen, Elias.

In: BioResources, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2016, p. 10404-10418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing quality of recycled fiber material

T2 - Part 1. Factors affecting the quality and an approach for characterisation of the strength potential

AU - Keränen, Janne

AU - Retulainen, Elias

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PY - 2016

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N2 - The paper recycling sector has undergone major changes in recent years, particularly regarding the quantity and quality of various materials processed. Material originating from board grades will increasingly dominate the recycling market as the use of printing papers decreases and the amount of non-fiber elements increases. Users of recycled fiber material have to overcome three main challenges: price, quality, and availability. This paper focuses on the quality dilemma in terms of measurement needs and possibilities from the user viewpoint. It includes a discussion of the factors causing deterioration in the quality of paper used for recycling. Today, the average fiber age is low compared to what the fibres can tolerate. Therefore, the characteristic phenomenona in the paper recycling loop are not caused by the degradation of individual fibers, but by a blending process in which different fiber grades and non-fiber components are blended in a non-optimal way. A novel method iss introduced for evaluating the quality of recycled fiber material using a new parameter, the fiber integrity value. The part 2 of this paper will focus on the application of this new parameter and demonstrates its correlation with paper properties.

AB - The paper recycling sector has undergone major changes in recent years, particularly regarding the quantity and quality of various materials processed. Material originating from board grades will increasingly dominate the recycling market as the use of printing papers decreases and the amount of non-fiber elements increases. Users of recycled fiber material have to overcome three main challenges: price, quality, and availability. This paper focuses on the quality dilemma in terms of measurement needs and possibilities from the user viewpoint. It includes a discussion of the factors causing deterioration in the quality of paper used for recycling. Today, the average fiber age is low compared to what the fibres can tolerate. Therefore, the characteristic phenomenona in the paper recycling loop are not caused by the degradation of individual fibers, but by a blending process in which different fiber grades and non-fiber components are blended in a non-optimal way. A novel method iss introduced for evaluating the quality of recycled fiber material using a new parameter, the fiber integrity value. The part 2 of this paper will focus on the application of this new parameter and demonstrates its correlation with paper properties.

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