Changing training needs of port workers due to future trends

Ville Hinkka (Corresponding Author), Jenni Eckhardt, Antti Permala, Heikki Mantsinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The operating environment in ports has changed considerably during the past decades. The public ownership is decreased at the same time when the private international operators have taken bigger involvement in business. The technological development has been rapid. Vessel sizes increase all the time, the share of container cargo increases and due to the cargo handling automation the cargo is handled much faster. As a result of more globalized trade, the containers handled in the port have much more variety regarding to their geographical origin or destination.The development of port operations has posed new requirements for port workers. The traditional port worker requirements were ability to do heavy physical work in a group. Due to automation, the work requires less physical strength. In addition, the work is increasingly done in small group without supervisor's presence or completely alone. As the number of handled cargo per worker has increased and the variety of the origins of the cargo has increased, the probability that some threats emerge has also grown. Therefore, nowadays part of the port work is the ability to observe exceptions and decide whether these should be reported before the threats become crisis situation, as an example of changed working requirement.The purpose of this paper is to propose how the recent and future trends of the port operations affects for the education and training needs of port workers in Europe. The question is addressed at first by studying status quo of port worker conditions in the European port sector and then evaluating the development of Finnish educational system by using case study research methodology. In Finland, 80-90 % of the foreign trade is transported via ports making Finland as suitable case. Case study research included qualitative research methods such as interviews. In addition, the Finnish system is compared with the systems of other European countries and ILO regulations. As a result, this paper considers pros and cons of harmonizing port work education and training in European Union countries.This paper is based on a research project EU-PORTRAItS which aims at developing the training of port workers in European Union.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4085-4094
JournalTransportation Research Procedia
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event6th European Transport Research Conference "Moving Forward: Innovative Solutions for Tomorrow's Mobility, TRA 2016 - Warsaw, Poland
Duration: 18 Apr 201621 Apr 2016
https://www.itf-oecd.org/6th-european-transport-research-conference-moving-forward-innovative-solutions-tomorrows-mobility

Fingerprint

worker
trend
Containers
Automation
Education
Cargo handling
automation
Finland
International trade
Supervisory personnel
threat
ILO
foreign trade
ability
technical development
educational system
qualitative method
small group
research method
qualitative research

Keywords

  • port
  • education
  • training
  • docker
  • case Study

Cite this

@article{80fc073957a648bfabeecfd3ec2f13e8,
title = "Changing training needs of port workers due to future trends",
abstract = "The operating environment in ports has changed considerably during the past decades. The public ownership is decreased at the same time when the private international operators have taken bigger involvement in business. The technological development has been rapid. Vessel sizes increase all the time, the share of container cargo increases and due to the cargo handling automation the cargo is handled much faster. As a result of more globalized trade, the containers handled in the port have much more variety regarding to their geographical origin or destination.The development of port operations has posed new requirements for port workers. The traditional port worker requirements were ability to do heavy physical work in a group. Due to automation, the work requires less physical strength. In addition, the work is increasingly done in small group without supervisor's presence or completely alone. As the number of handled cargo per worker has increased and the variety of the origins of the cargo has increased, the probability that some threats emerge has also grown. Therefore, nowadays part of the port work is the ability to observe exceptions and decide whether these should be reported before the threats become crisis situation, as an example of changed working requirement.The purpose of this paper is to propose how the recent and future trends of the port operations affects for the education and training needs of port workers in Europe. The question is addressed at first by studying status quo of port worker conditions in the European port sector and then evaluating the development of Finnish educational system by using case study research methodology. In Finland, 80-90 {\%} of the foreign trade is transported via ports making Finland as suitable case. Case study research included qualitative research methods such as interviews. In addition, the Finnish system is compared with the systems of other European countries and ILO regulations. As a result, this paper considers pros and cons of harmonizing port work education and training in European Union countries.This paper is based on a research project EU-PORTRAItS which aims at developing the training of port workers in European Union.",
keywords = "port, education, training, docker, case Study",
author = "Ville Hinkka and Jenni Eckhardt and Antti Permala and Heikki Mantsinen",
note = "SDA: SHP: TransSmart Project code: 100831",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.506",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "4085--4094",
journal = "Transportation Research Procedia",
issn = "2352-1457",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Changing training needs of port workers due to future trends. / Hinkka, Ville (Corresponding Author); Eckhardt, Jenni; Permala, Antti; Mantsinen, Heikki.

In: Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 14, 2016, p. 4085-4094.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing training needs of port workers due to future trends

AU - Hinkka, Ville

AU - Eckhardt, Jenni

AU - Permala, Antti

AU - Mantsinen, Heikki

N1 - SDA: SHP: TransSmart Project code: 100831

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The operating environment in ports has changed considerably during the past decades. The public ownership is decreased at the same time when the private international operators have taken bigger involvement in business. The technological development has been rapid. Vessel sizes increase all the time, the share of container cargo increases and due to the cargo handling automation the cargo is handled much faster. As a result of more globalized trade, the containers handled in the port have much more variety regarding to their geographical origin or destination.The development of port operations has posed new requirements for port workers. The traditional port worker requirements were ability to do heavy physical work in a group. Due to automation, the work requires less physical strength. In addition, the work is increasingly done in small group without supervisor's presence or completely alone. As the number of handled cargo per worker has increased and the variety of the origins of the cargo has increased, the probability that some threats emerge has also grown. Therefore, nowadays part of the port work is the ability to observe exceptions and decide whether these should be reported before the threats become crisis situation, as an example of changed working requirement.The purpose of this paper is to propose how the recent and future trends of the port operations affects for the education and training needs of port workers in Europe. The question is addressed at first by studying status quo of port worker conditions in the European port sector and then evaluating the development of Finnish educational system by using case study research methodology. In Finland, 80-90 % of the foreign trade is transported via ports making Finland as suitable case. Case study research included qualitative research methods such as interviews. In addition, the Finnish system is compared with the systems of other European countries and ILO regulations. As a result, this paper considers pros and cons of harmonizing port work education and training in European Union countries.This paper is based on a research project EU-PORTRAItS which aims at developing the training of port workers in European Union.

AB - The operating environment in ports has changed considerably during the past decades. The public ownership is decreased at the same time when the private international operators have taken bigger involvement in business. The technological development has been rapid. Vessel sizes increase all the time, the share of container cargo increases and due to the cargo handling automation the cargo is handled much faster. As a result of more globalized trade, the containers handled in the port have much more variety regarding to their geographical origin or destination.The development of port operations has posed new requirements for port workers. The traditional port worker requirements were ability to do heavy physical work in a group. Due to automation, the work requires less physical strength. In addition, the work is increasingly done in small group without supervisor's presence or completely alone. As the number of handled cargo per worker has increased and the variety of the origins of the cargo has increased, the probability that some threats emerge has also grown. Therefore, nowadays part of the port work is the ability to observe exceptions and decide whether these should be reported before the threats become crisis situation, as an example of changed working requirement.The purpose of this paper is to propose how the recent and future trends of the port operations affects for the education and training needs of port workers in Europe. The question is addressed at first by studying status quo of port worker conditions in the European port sector and then evaluating the development of Finnish educational system by using case study research methodology. In Finland, 80-90 % of the foreign trade is transported via ports making Finland as suitable case. Case study research included qualitative research methods such as interviews. In addition, the Finnish system is compared with the systems of other European countries and ILO regulations. As a result, this paper considers pros and cons of harmonizing port work education and training in European Union countries.This paper is based on a research project EU-PORTRAItS which aims at developing the training of port workers in European Union.

KW - port

KW - education

KW - training

KW - docker

KW - case Study

U2 - 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.506

DO - 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.506

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 4085

EP - 4094

JO - Transportation Research Procedia

JF - Transportation Research Procedia

SN - 2352-1457

ER -