Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium

Roy Pöllänen (Corresponding Author), T. Ikäheimonen, S. Klemola, V.-P. Vartti, K. Vesterbacka, S. Ristonmaa, T. Honkamaa, P. Sipilä, I. Jokelainen, A. Kosunen, Riitta Zilliacus, M. Kettunen, M. Hokkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Projectiles suspected to be composed of depleted uranium (DU) were found in Kosovo. Their properties were analysed using alpha and gamma ray spectrometry, mass spectrometry and electron microscopy. They were found to be composed of DU with small amounts of other elements such as Ti. 236U was detected in the penetrators, reflecting the use of reprocessed fuel. No transuranium elements were detected. The typical external dose rate meter is not the best option for mapping the location of penetrators from the ground. Monte Carlo calculations were performed in estimating possible skin doses. Penetrators in long-lasting contact with skin may cause a notable equivalent dose to skin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-142
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume64
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Uranium
Projectiles
skin
uranium
Skin
Transuranium elements
Kosovo
Gamma Spectrometry
Alpha Particles
gamma ray spectrometry
Alpha particles
Gamma Rays
electron microscopy
Gamma rays
Spectrometry
Electron microscopy
Mass spectrometry
Mass Spectrometry
Electron Microscopy
mass spectrometry

Cite this

Pöllänen, R., Ikäheimonen, T., Klemola, S., Vartti, V-P., Vesterbacka, K., Ristonmaa, S., ... Hokkanen, M. (2002). Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 64(2-3), 133-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00044-9
Pöllänen, Roy ; Ikäheimonen, T. ; Klemola, S. ; Vartti, V.-P. ; Vesterbacka, K. ; Ristonmaa, S. ; Honkamaa, T. ; Sipilä, P. ; Jokelainen, I. ; Kosunen, A. ; Zilliacus, Riitta ; Kettunen, M. ; Hokkanen, M. / Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium. In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2002 ; Vol. 64, No. 2-3. pp. 133-142.
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abstract = "Projectiles suspected to be composed of depleted uranium (DU) were found in Kosovo. Their properties were analysed using alpha and gamma ray spectrometry, mass spectrometry and electron microscopy. They were found to be composed of DU with small amounts of other elements such as Ti. 236U was detected in the penetrators, reflecting the use of reprocessed fuel. No transuranium elements were detected. The typical external dose rate meter is not the best option for mapping the location of penetrators from the ground. Monte Carlo calculations were performed in estimating possible skin doses. Penetrators in long-lasting contact with skin may cause a notable equivalent dose to skin.",
author = "Roy P{\"o}ll{\"a}nen and T. Ik{\"a}heimonen and S. Klemola and V.-P. Vartti and K. Vesterbacka and S. Ristonmaa and T. Honkamaa and P. Sipil{\"a} and I. Jokelainen and A. Kosunen and Riitta Zilliacus and M. Kettunen and M. Hokkanen",
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Pöllänen, R, Ikäheimonen, T, Klemola, S, Vartti, V-P, Vesterbacka, K, Ristonmaa, S, Honkamaa, T, Sipilä, P, Jokelainen, I, Kosunen, A, Zilliacus, R, Kettunen, M & Hokkanen, M 2002, 'Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium', Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, vol. 64, no. 2-3, pp. 133-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00044-9

Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium. / Pöllänen, Roy (Corresponding Author); Ikäheimonen, T.; Klemola, S.; Vartti, V.-P.; Vesterbacka, K.; Ristonmaa, S.; Honkamaa, T.; Sipilä, P.; Jokelainen, I.; Kosunen, A.; Zilliacus, Riitta; Kettunen, M.; Hokkanen, M.

In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 64, No. 2-3, 2002, p. 133-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium

AU - Pöllänen, Roy

AU - Ikäheimonen, T.

AU - Klemola, S.

AU - Vartti, V.-P.

AU - Vesterbacka, K.

AU - Ristonmaa, S.

AU - Honkamaa, T.

AU - Sipilä, P.

AU - Jokelainen, I.

AU - Kosunen, A.

AU - Zilliacus, Riitta

AU - Kettunen, M.

AU - Hokkanen, M.

PY - 2002

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AB - Projectiles suspected to be composed of depleted uranium (DU) were found in Kosovo. Their properties were analysed using alpha and gamma ray spectrometry, mass spectrometry and electron microscopy. They were found to be composed of DU with small amounts of other elements such as Ti. 236U was detected in the penetrators, reflecting the use of reprocessed fuel. No transuranium elements were detected. The typical external dose rate meter is not the best option for mapping the location of penetrators from the ground. Monte Carlo calculations were performed in estimating possible skin doses. Penetrators in long-lasting contact with skin may cause a notable equivalent dose to skin.

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DO - 10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00044-9

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JO - Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

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Pöllänen R, Ikäheimonen T, Klemola S, Vartti V-P, Vesterbacka K, Ristonmaa S et al. Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2002;64(2-3):133-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00044-9