Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium

Roy Pöllänen (Corresponding Author), T. Ikäheimonen, S. Klemola, V.-P. Vartti, K. Vesterbacka, S. Ristonmaa, T. Honkamaa, P. Sipilä, I. Jokelainen, A. Kosunen, Riitta Zilliacus, M. Kettunen, M. Hokkanen

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Abstract

Projectiles suspected to be composed of depleted uranium (DU) were found in Kosovo. Their properties were analysed using alpha and gamma ray spectrometry, mass spectrometry and electron microscopy. They were found to be composed of DU with small amounts of other elements such as Ti. 236U was detected in the penetrators, reflecting the use of reprocessed fuel. No transuranium elements were detected. The typical external dose rate meter is not the best option for mapping the location of penetrators from the ground. Monte Carlo calculations were performed in estimating possible skin doses. Penetrators in long-lasting contact with skin may cause a notable equivalent dose to skin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-142
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume64
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Pöllänen, R., Ikäheimonen, T., Klemola, S., Vartti, V-P., Vesterbacka, K., Ristonmaa, S., Honkamaa, T., Sipilä, P., Jokelainen, I., Kosunen, A., Zilliacus, R., Kettunen, M., & Hokkanen, M. (2002). Characterisation of projectiles composed of depleted uranium. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 64(2-3), 133-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00044-9