Characterization methods for polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites

Licentiate thesis

Research output: ThesisLicenciateTheses

Abstract

An interdisciplinary, horizontal approach was adopted to arrive at a set of physico-chemical and mechanical methods which will provide tools for a general material characterization of polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites with relatively low fibre contents (0.3 - 2.5% by volume). Concrete, cement mortar and their constituents as well as polypropylene fibre processing and the main properties of fibres are outlined. Principles of mechanical modelling of fibre concrete and mortar are discussed. A surface chemical approach is also presented. Test methods for studying polypropylene fibre mortar composites are outlined both theoretically and experimentally, especially in regard to frost and fire resistance, mechanical properties and microstructure. For comparison purposes the same mortar composition was used throughout the study. Methods for identification and characterization of fibres are also discussed. Comparative tests were made of the way in which polypropylene fibres with different surface characteristics affect the properties of this mortar. The polypropylene fibres were commercial fibres from film and special fibres from three-layer films the outer layers of which had been modified with functionalized polyolefins. This study shows that we cannot characterize a complex material like fibre concrete solely on the basis of one or two types of mechanical test, or just by considering the effects at the fibre/matrix interface. Many tests must be performed to ensure the functional properties of a fibre concrete product that are relevant to its end use. These include at least strength, durability, fire resistance, permeability, insulation properties, and appearance. Naturally, these property demands should be clearly defined according to the specified end use. Polypropylene fibres in low dosages (0.1 - 1% by volume) improve the cracking behaviour of mortar by reducing crack widths caused by drying shrinkage. Polypropylene fibres in higher dosages (1 - 2% up to 10% by volume) increase the flexural toughness of mortar composite. With tailoring of the fibre surface properties and the utilization of special concrete compositions and production techniques, these fibres provide interesting possibilities for the manufacture of precast fibre concrete elements and products.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationLicentiate Degree
Awarding Institution
  • Åbo Akademi University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Stenlulnd, Bengt, Supervisor, External person
Place of PublicationEspoo
Publisher
Print ISBNs951-38-4254-1
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeG3 Licentiate thesis

Fingerprint

Mortar
Polypropylenes
Cements
Fibers
Composite materials
Concretes
Fire resistance
Frost resistance
Concrete products
Polyolefins
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • composite materials
  • polypropylene fibers
  • synthetic fibers
  • fiber composites
  • reinforcing materials
  • concretes
  • cements
  • mortars (material)
  • test methods
  • utilization
  • mechanical properties
  • durability
  • frost
  • fire resistance
  • strength
  • microstructure

Cite this

@phdthesis{91522121f7af476dbfe5917615aa872c,
title = "Characterization methods for polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites: Licentiate thesis",
abstract = "An interdisciplinary, horizontal approach was adopted to arrive at a set of physico-chemical and mechanical methods which will provide tools for a general material characterization of polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites with relatively low fibre contents (0.3 - 2.5{\%} by volume). Concrete, cement mortar and their constituents as well as polypropylene fibre processing and the main properties of fibres are outlined. Principles of mechanical modelling of fibre concrete and mortar are discussed. A surface chemical approach is also presented. Test methods for studying polypropylene fibre mortar composites are outlined both theoretically and experimentally, especially in regard to frost and fire resistance, mechanical properties and microstructure. For comparison purposes the same mortar composition was used throughout the study. Methods for identification and characterization of fibres are also discussed. Comparative tests were made of the way in which polypropylene fibres with different surface characteristics affect the properties of this mortar. The polypropylene fibres were commercial fibres from film and special fibres from three-layer films the outer layers of which had been modified with functionalized polyolefins. This study shows that we cannot characterize a complex material like fibre concrete solely on the basis of one or two types of mechanical test, or just by considering the effects at the fibre/matrix interface. Many tests must be performed to ensure the functional properties of a fibre concrete product that are relevant to its end use. These include at least strength, durability, fire resistance, permeability, insulation properties, and appearance. Naturally, these property demands should be clearly defined according to the specified end use. Polypropylene fibres in low dosages (0.1 - 1{\%} by volume) improve the cracking behaviour of mortar by reducing crack widths caused by drying shrinkage. Polypropylene fibres in higher dosages (1 - 2{\%} up to 10{\%} by volume) increase the flexural toughness of mortar composite. With tailoring of the fibre surface properties and the utilization of special concrete compositions and production techniques, these fibres provide interesting possibilities for the manufacture of precast fibre concrete elements and products.",
keywords = "composite materials, polypropylene fibers, synthetic fibers, fiber composites, reinforcing materials, concretes, cements, mortars (material), test methods, utilization, mechanical properties, durability, frost, fire resistance, strength, microstructure",
author = "Leena Sarvaranta",
note = "Project code: RAM0024030",
year = "1993",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-4254-1",
series = "VTT Publications",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "136",
address = "Finland",
school = "{\AA}bo Akademi University",

}

Characterization methods for polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites : Licentiate thesis. / Sarvaranta, Leena.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 99 p.

Research output: ThesisLicenciateTheses

TY - THES

T1 - Characterization methods for polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites

T2 - Licentiate thesis

AU - Sarvaranta, Leena

N1 - Project code: RAM0024030

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - An interdisciplinary, horizontal approach was adopted to arrive at a set of physico-chemical and mechanical methods which will provide tools for a general material characterization of polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites with relatively low fibre contents (0.3 - 2.5% by volume). Concrete, cement mortar and their constituents as well as polypropylene fibre processing and the main properties of fibres are outlined. Principles of mechanical modelling of fibre concrete and mortar are discussed. A surface chemical approach is also presented. Test methods for studying polypropylene fibre mortar composites are outlined both theoretically and experimentally, especially in regard to frost and fire resistance, mechanical properties and microstructure. For comparison purposes the same mortar composition was used throughout the study. Methods for identification and characterization of fibres are also discussed. Comparative tests were made of the way in which polypropylene fibres with different surface characteristics affect the properties of this mortar. The polypropylene fibres were commercial fibres from film and special fibres from three-layer films the outer layers of which had been modified with functionalized polyolefins. This study shows that we cannot characterize a complex material like fibre concrete solely on the basis of one or two types of mechanical test, or just by considering the effects at the fibre/matrix interface. Many tests must be performed to ensure the functional properties of a fibre concrete product that are relevant to its end use. These include at least strength, durability, fire resistance, permeability, insulation properties, and appearance. Naturally, these property demands should be clearly defined according to the specified end use. Polypropylene fibres in low dosages (0.1 - 1% by volume) improve the cracking behaviour of mortar by reducing crack widths caused by drying shrinkage. Polypropylene fibres in higher dosages (1 - 2% up to 10% by volume) increase the flexural toughness of mortar composite. With tailoring of the fibre surface properties and the utilization of special concrete compositions and production techniques, these fibres provide interesting possibilities for the manufacture of precast fibre concrete elements and products.

AB - An interdisciplinary, horizontal approach was adopted to arrive at a set of physico-chemical and mechanical methods which will provide tools for a general material characterization of polypropylene fibre-reinforced cement mortar composites with relatively low fibre contents (0.3 - 2.5% by volume). Concrete, cement mortar and their constituents as well as polypropylene fibre processing and the main properties of fibres are outlined. Principles of mechanical modelling of fibre concrete and mortar are discussed. A surface chemical approach is also presented. Test methods for studying polypropylene fibre mortar composites are outlined both theoretically and experimentally, especially in regard to frost and fire resistance, mechanical properties and microstructure. For comparison purposes the same mortar composition was used throughout the study. Methods for identification and characterization of fibres are also discussed. Comparative tests were made of the way in which polypropylene fibres with different surface characteristics affect the properties of this mortar. The polypropylene fibres were commercial fibres from film and special fibres from three-layer films the outer layers of which had been modified with functionalized polyolefins. This study shows that we cannot characterize a complex material like fibre concrete solely on the basis of one or two types of mechanical test, or just by considering the effects at the fibre/matrix interface. Many tests must be performed to ensure the functional properties of a fibre concrete product that are relevant to its end use. These include at least strength, durability, fire resistance, permeability, insulation properties, and appearance. Naturally, these property demands should be clearly defined according to the specified end use. Polypropylene fibres in low dosages (0.1 - 1% by volume) improve the cracking behaviour of mortar by reducing crack widths caused by drying shrinkage. Polypropylene fibres in higher dosages (1 - 2% up to 10% by volume) increase the flexural toughness of mortar composite. With tailoring of the fibre surface properties and the utilization of special concrete compositions and production techniques, these fibres provide interesting possibilities for the manufacture of precast fibre concrete elements and products.

KW - composite materials

KW - polypropylene fibers

KW - synthetic fibers

KW - fiber composites

KW - reinforcing materials

KW - concretes

KW - cements

KW - mortars (material)

KW - test methods

KW - utilization

KW - mechanical properties

KW - durability

KW - frost

KW - fire resistance

KW - strength

KW - microstructure

M3 - Licenciate

SN - 951-38-4254-1

T3 - VTT Publications

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -