Characterization of a poly(3-methyl thiophene) film by an in-situ dc resistance measurement technique and in-situ FTIR spectroelectrochemistry

Eeva Lankinen, Göran Sundholm, Panu Talonen, Timo Laitinen, Timo Saario

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The newly developed in-situ dc resistance measurement technique called the contact electric resistance (CER) technique as well as in-situ external reflectance FTIR spectroscopy were applied for studying the conductivity and redox behaviour of poly(3-methyl thiophene) (PMeT) in acetonitrile and aqueous solutions. The maximum conductivity as well as the effect of the thickness of the film on the evolution of the conductivity were observed to depend on whether the PMeT films are electrochemically synthesized and studied in the presence of Bu4NClO4 or Bu4NPF6 in acetonitrile.
    The maximum conductivity was 10−2 S cm−1 for the former and 10−1 S cm−1 for the latter system. The deactivation of PMeT began in acetonitrile solutions at about 1.4 V. In accordance with this the in-situ IR spectra showed that the number of (bi)polarons started to decrease.
    The aqueous solutions were observed to decrease the maximum conductivity by 2–3 decades depending on the anion and to cause a much slower resistance response to an applied potential when compared with the results in acetonitrile.
    The FTIR measurements proved that in aqueous solution (bi)polarons similar to those observed in acetonitrile are formed in the film during anodic oxidation.
    The CER technique was found to be well suited for measuring the in-situ resistance of conducting polymers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)135-145
    JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
    Volume447
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1998
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Spectroelectrochemistry
    Thiophenes
    Thiophene
    Acetonitrile
    Electric contacts
    Polarons
    Anodic oxidation
    Conducting polymers
    Anions
    Negative ions
    acetonitrile
    Spectroscopy

    Cite this

    @article{226abdbc4e564f2fb77407f81e1a6cfe,
    title = "Characterization of a poly(3-methyl thiophene) film by an in-situ dc resistance measurement technique and in-situ FTIR spectroelectrochemistry",
    abstract = "The newly developed in-situ dc resistance measurement technique called the contact electric resistance (CER) technique as well as in-situ external reflectance FTIR spectroscopy were applied for studying the conductivity and redox behaviour of poly(3-methyl thiophene) (PMeT) in acetonitrile and aqueous solutions. The maximum conductivity as well as the effect of the thickness of the film on the evolution of the conductivity were observed to depend on whether the PMeT films are electrochemically synthesized and studied in the presence of Bu4NClO4 or Bu4NPF6 in acetonitrile. The maximum conductivity was 10−2 S cm−1 for the former and 10−1 S cm−1 for the latter system. The deactivation of PMeT began in acetonitrile solutions at about 1.4 V. In accordance with this the in-situ IR spectra showed that the number of (bi)polarons started to decrease. The aqueous solutions were observed to decrease the maximum conductivity by 2–3 decades depending on the anion and to cause a much slower resistance response to an applied potential when compared with the results in acetonitrile. The FTIR measurements proved that in aqueous solution (bi)polarons similar to those observed in acetonitrile are formed in the film during anodic oxidation. The CER technique was found to be well suited for measuring the in-situ resistance of conducting polymers.",
    author = "Eeva Lankinen and G{\"o}ran Sundholm and Panu Talonen and Timo Laitinen and Timo Saario",
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    language = "English",
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    Characterization of a poly(3-methyl thiophene) film by an in-situ dc resistance measurement technique and in-situ FTIR spectroelectrochemistry. / Lankinen, Eeva; Sundholm, Göran; Talonen, Panu; Laitinen, Timo; Saario, Timo.

    In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 447, No. 1-2, 1998, p. 135-145.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Lankinen, Eeva

    AU - Sundholm, Göran

    AU - Talonen, Panu

    AU - Laitinen, Timo

    AU - Saario, Timo

    PY - 1998

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    N2 - The newly developed in-situ dc resistance measurement technique called the contact electric resistance (CER) technique as well as in-situ external reflectance FTIR spectroscopy were applied for studying the conductivity and redox behaviour of poly(3-methyl thiophene) (PMeT) in acetonitrile and aqueous solutions. The maximum conductivity as well as the effect of the thickness of the film on the evolution of the conductivity were observed to depend on whether the PMeT films are electrochemically synthesized and studied in the presence of Bu4NClO4 or Bu4NPF6 in acetonitrile. The maximum conductivity was 10−2 S cm−1 for the former and 10−1 S cm−1 for the latter system. The deactivation of PMeT began in acetonitrile solutions at about 1.4 V. In accordance with this the in-situ IR spectra showed that the number of (bi)polarons started to decrease. The aqueous solutions were observed to decrease the maximum conductivity by 2–3 decades depending on the anion and to cause a much slower resistance response to an applied potential when compared with the results in acetonitrile. The FTIR measurements proved that in aqueous solution (bi)polarons similar to those observed in acetonitrile are formed in the film during anodic oxidation. The CER technique was found to be well suited for measuring the in-situ resistance of conducting polymers.

    AB - The newly developed in-situ dc resistance measurement technique called the contact electric resistance (CER) technique as well as in-situ external reflectance FTIR spectroscopy were applied for studying the conductivity and redox behaviour of poly(3-methyl thiophene) (PMeT) in acetonitrile and aqueous solutions. The maximum conductivity as well as the effect of the thickness of the film on the evolution of the conductivity were observed to depend on whether the PMeT films are electrochemically synthesized and studied in the presence of Bu4NClO4 or Bu4NPF6 in acetonitrile. The maximum conductivity was 10−2 S cm−1 for the former and 10−1 S cm−1 for the latter system. The deactivation of PMeT began in acetonitrile solutions at about 1.4 V. In accordance with this the in-situ IR spectra showed that the number of (bi)polarons started to decrease. The aqueous solutions were observed to decrease the maximum conductivity by 2–3 decades depending on the anion and to cause a much slower resistance response to an applied potential when compared with the results in acetonitrile. The FTIR measurements proved that in aqueous solution (bi)polarons similar to those observed in acetonitrile are formed in the film during anodic oxidation. The CER technique was found to be well suited for measuring the in-situ resistance of conducting polymers.

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