Characterization of aging wood chip combustion aerosol in an environmental chamber

Ari P. Leskinen, Jorma K. Jokiniemi, Kari E.J. Lehtinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aging of aerosol from wood chip combustion in a stoker burner was monitored in an outdoor environmental chamber for 19–27 h in order to study the size, volatility and organic carbon (OC) content of the combustion aerosol particles during aging.
A scanning mobility particle sizer, a volatility tandem differential mobility analyzer (VTDMA), and a thermal–optical carbon analyzer were utilized. The VTDMA and carbon analyses were performed at the beginning, after 17–24 h of aging and at one intermediate point.
The size decrease of freshly emitted particles was 6–10% when heated to , and was found to depend on the experiment start time. For particles aged for 24 h, a 74–86% decrease in particle size at was observed. The more volatile OC fraction and the total OC fraction in the particles increased and the less volatile OC fraction decreased with aging.
This suggests that during aging more volatile compounds condense on or heavier compounds photodegrade into lighter ones in the particles. Occasionally, new particle formation and growth were observed in the following day. The new particles were found to be composed mainly of volatile material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3713-3721
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume41
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

combustion
aerosol
organic carbon
carbon
particle
total organic carbon
particle size
volatility
experiment

Keywords

  • aerosols
  • wood combustion
  • forest chips
  • wood chips
  • combustion
  • volatile organic compounds
  • aging
  • environmental chamber
  • tandem differential mobility analyzer

Cite this

Leskinen, Ari P. ; Jokiniemi, Jorma K. ; Lehtinen, Kari E.J. / Characterization of aging wood chip combustion aerosol in an environmental chamber. In: Atmospheric Environment. 2007 ; Vol. 41, No. 17. pp. 3713-3721.
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title = "Characterization of aging wood chip combustion aerosol in an environmental chamber",
abstract = "Aging of aerosol from wood chip combustion in a stoker burner was monitored in an outdoor environmental chamber for 19–27 h in order to study the size, volatility and organic carbon (OC) content of the combustion aerosol particles during aging. A scanning mobility particle sizer, a volatility tandem differential mobility analyzer (VTDMA), and a thermal–optical carbon analyzer were utilized. The VTDMA and carbon analyses were performed at the beginning, after 17–24 h of aging and at one intermediate point. The size decrease of freshly emitted particles was 6–10{\%} when heated to , and was found to depend on the experiment start time. For particles aged for 24 h, a 74–86{\%} decrease in particle size at was observed. The more volatile OC fraction and the total OC fraction in the particles increased and the less volatile OC fraction decreased with aging. This suggests that during aging more volatile compounds condense on or heavier compounds photodegrade into lighter ones in the particles. Occasionally, new particle formation and growth were observed in the following day. The new particles were found to be composed mainly of volatile material.",
keywords = "aerosols, wood combustion, forest chips, wood chips, combustion, volatile organic compounds, aging, environmental chamber, tandem differential mobility analyzer",
author = "Leskinen, {Ari P.} and Jokiniemi, {Jorma K.} and Lehtinen, {Kari E.J.}",
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Characterization of aging wood chip combustion aerosol in an environmental chamber. / Leskinen, Ari P.; Jokiniemi, Jorma K.; Lehtinen, Kari E.J.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 41, No. 17, 2007, p. 3713-3721.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of aging wood chip combustion aerosol in an environmental chamber

AU - Leskinen, Ari P.

AU - Jokiniemi, Jorma K.

AU - Lehtinen, Kari E.J.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Aging of aerosol from wood chip combustion in a stoker burner was monitored in an outdoor environmental chamber for 19–27 h in order to study the size, volatility and organic carbon (OC) content of the combustion aerosol particles during aging. A scanning mobility particle sizer, a volatility tandem differential mobility analyzer (VTDMA), and a thermal–optical carbon analyzer were utilized. The VTDMA and carbon analyses were performed at the beginning, after 17–24 h of aging and at one intermediate point. The size decrease of freshly emitted particles was 6–10% when heated to , and was found to depend on the experiment start time. For particles aged for 24 h, a 74–86% decrease in particle size at was observed. The more volatile OC fraction and the total OC fraction in the particles increased and the less volatile OC fraction decreased with aging. This suggests that during aging more volatile compounds condense on or heavier compounds photodegrade into lighter ones in the particles. Occasionally, new particle formation and growth were observed in the following day. The new particles were found to be composed mainly of volatile material.

AB - Aging of aerosol from wood chip combustion in a stoker burner was monitored in an outdoor environmental chamber for 19–27 h in order to study the size, volatility and organic carbon (OC) content of the combustion aerosol particles during aging. A scanning mobility particle sizer, a volatility tandem differential mobility analyzer (VTDMA), and a thermal–optical carbon analyzer were utilized. The VTDMA and carbon analyses were performed at the beginning, after 17–24 h of aging and at one intermediate point. The size decrease of freshly emitted particles was 6–10% when heated to , and was found to depend on the experiment start time. For particles aged for 24 h, a 74–86% decrease in particle size at was observed. The more volatile OC fraction and the total OC fraction in the particles increased and the less volatile OC fraction decreased with aging. This suggests that during aging more volatile compounds condense on or heavier compounds photodegrade into lighter ones in the particles. Occasionally, new particle formation and growth were observed in the following day. The new particles were found to be composed mainly of volatile material.

KW - aerosols

KW - wood combustion

KW - forest chips

KW - wood chips

KW - combustion

KW - volatile organic compounds

KW - aging

KW - environmental chamber

KW - tandem differential mobility analyzer

U2 - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.12.016

DO - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.12.016

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 3713

EP - 3721

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

IS - 17

ER -