Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques

U. Koponen (Corresponding Author), Heikki Kumpulainen, M. Bergelin, Jari Keskinen, Terttu Peltonen, Matti Valkiainen, M. Wasberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalyst materials in form of inks, as half-MEAs and inside a polymer electrolyte membrane unit cell were characterized by cyclic voltammetry. Laboratory made Pt inks were modified with Ru, Os and Ru + Ir and the methanol oxidation activity of the created surfaces was tested. A novel electrode, which enables the study of the oxygen reduction reaction on the cathode was introduced. With the measuring device it was possible to vary the oxygen content on the ink side and the proton activity of the electrolyte on the membrane side of a half-MEA. Catalyst layers based on Pt, Pt-Ru and Pt-Co inside a PEM-unit cell were also characterized in situ by cyclic voltammetry. The active surface areas were found to be linearly dependent on the Pt mass density in the catalyst layers. Approximately 30% of the Pt loading in the MEAs were electroactive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-333
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume118
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

inks
Ink
catalysts
Electrolytes
Catalysts
Cyclic voltammetry
electrolytes
Oxygen
membranes
Membranes
oxygen
cells
Methanol
Protons
Polymers
Cathodes
methyl alcohol
cathodes
Oxidation
oxidation

Keywords

  • Pt
  • voltammetry
  • fuel cell catalyst
  • methanol

Cite this

Koponen, U., Kumpulainen, H., Bergelin, M., Keskinen, J., Peltonen, T., Valkiainen, M., & Wasberg, M. (2003). Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques. Journal of Power Sources, 118(1-2), 325-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00079-X
Koponen, U. ; Kumpulainen, Heikki ; Bergelin, M. ; Keskinen, Jari ; Peltonen, Terttu ; Valkiainen, Matti ; Wasberg, M. / Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2003 ; Vol. 118, No. 1-2. pp. 325-333.
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abstract = "Catalyst materials in form of inks, as half-MEAs and inside a polymer electrolyte membrane unit cell were characterized by cyclic voltammetry. Laboratory made Pt inks were modified with Ru, Os and Ru + Ir and the methanol oxidation activity of the created surfaces was tested. A novel electrode, which enables the study of the oxygen reduction reaction on the cathode was introduced. With the measuring device it was possible to vary the oxygen content on the ink side and the proton activity of the electrolyte on the membrane side of a half-MEA. Catalyst layers based on Pt, Pt-Ru and Pt-Co inside a PEM-unit cell were also characterized in situ by cyclic voltammetry. The active surface areas were found to be linearly dependent on the Pt mass density in the catalyst layers. Approximately 30{\%} of the Pt loading in the MEAs were electroactive.",
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Koponen, U, Kumpulainen, H, Bergelin, M, Keskinen, J, Peltonen, T, Valkiainen, M & Wasberg, M 2003, 'Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques', Journal of Power Sources, vol. 118, no. 1-2, pp. 325-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00079-X

Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques. / Koponen, U. (Corresponding Author); Kumpulainen, Heikki; Bergelin, M.; Keskinen, Jari; Peltonen, Terttu; Valkiainen, Matti; Wasberg, M.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 118, No. 1-2, 2003, p. 325-333.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques

AU - Koponen, U.

AU - Kumpulainen, Heikki

AU - Bergelin, M.

AU - Keskinen, Jari

AU - Peltonen, Terttu

AU - Valkiainen, Matti

AU - Wasberg, M.

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AB - Catalyst materials in form of inks, as half-MEAs and inside a polymer electrolyte membrane unit cell were characterized by cyclic voltammetry. Laboratory made Pt inks were modified with Ru, Os and Ru + Ir and the methanol oxidation activity of the created surfaces was tested. A novel electrode, which enables the study of the oxygen reduction reaction on the cathode was introduced. With the measuring device it was possible to vary the oxygen content on the ink side and the proton activity of the electrolyte on the membrane side of a half-MEA. Catalyst layers based on Pt, Pt-Ru and Pt-Co inside a PEM-unit cell were also characterized in situ by cyclic voltammetry. The active surface areas were found to be linearly dependent on the Pt mass density in the catalyst layers. Approximately 30% of the Pt loading in the MEAs were electroactive.

KW - Pt

KW - voltammetry

KW - fuel cell catalyst

KW - methanol

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DO - 10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00079-X

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Koponen U, Kumpulainen H, Bergelin M, Keskinen J, Peltonen T, Valkiainen M et al. Characterization of Pt-based catalyst materials by voltammetric techniques. Journal of Power Sources. 2003;118(1-2):325-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00079-X