Characterization of the genes of the 2,3-butanediol operons from Klebsiella terrigena and Enterobacter aerogenes

Kristina Blomqvist, Matti Nikkola, Päivi Lehtovaara, Maija-Liisa Suihko, Ulla Airaksinen, Kerstin B. Stråby, Jonathan K.C. Knowles, Merja E. Penttilä (Corresponding Author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    130 Citations (Scopus)


    The genes involved in the 2,3-butanediol pathway coding for α- acetolactate decarboxylase, α-acetolactate synthase (α-ALS), and acetoin (diacetyl) reductase were isolated from Klebsiella terrigena and shown to be located in one operon. This operon was also shown to exist in Enterobacter aerogenes. The budA gene, coding for α-acetolactate decarboxylase, gives in both organisms a protein of 259 amino acids. The amino acid similarity between these proteins is 87%. The K. terrigena genes budB and budC, coding for α-ALS and acetoin reductase, respectively, were sequenced. The 559- amino-acid-long α-ALS enzyme shows similarities to the large subunits of the Escherichia coli anabolic α-ALS enzymes encoded by the genes ilvB, ilvG, and ilvI. The K. terrigena α-ALS is also shown to complement an anabolic α- ALS-deficient E. coli strain for valine synthesis. The 243-amino-acid-long acetoin reductase has the consensus amino acid sequence for the insect-type alcohol dehydrogenase/ribitol dehydrogenase family and has extensive similarities with the N-terminal and internal regions of three known dehydrogenases and one oxidoreductase.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1392-1404
    JournalJournal of Bacteriology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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