Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres

A. G. Nasibulin (Corresponding Author), S. D. Shandakov, A. S. Anisimov, D. Gonzalez, Hua Jiang, M. Pudas, P. Queipo, Esko I. Kauppinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Decomposition of ferrocene vapor in CO and N2 atmospheres in the temperature range from 800 to 1150 °C leading to the formation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) particles, respectively, was investigated by means of a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and laser desorption ionization time-of-flight spectrometry. This allowed us to produce aggregated iron oxide particles with mobility diameters of 20−60 nm and bundles of single-walled CNTs with mobility diameters of 60−100 nm. The DMA measurements of iron oxide particles revealed an equal negative and positive natural single charging with similar bimodal size distributions. Increasing the temperature resulted in the increase of the total particle concentration and a slight decrease in the fraction of charged particles from 30% to 20%. It was found that CNTs form spontaneously charged (92−99%) bundles carrying up to five elementary electrical charges. The concentration ratio between positively and negatively charged CNTs decreased from 6 to 1, increasing the temperature in the system from 800 to 1150 °C. The charging phenomenon can be explained by electron and ion emission owing to the surface minimization processes in both particles and CNTs, resulting in high-energy release.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5762 - 5769
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume112
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon Monoxide
Aerosols
charging
Carbon nanotubes
aerosols
carbon nanotubes
Vapors
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
vapors
Decomposition
Iron oxides
decomposition
atmospheres
products
iron oxides
bundles
Charged particles
analyzers
Temperature

Cite this

Nasibulin, A. G., Shandakov, S. D., Anisimov, A. S., Gonzalez, D., Jiang, H., Pudas, M., ... Kauppinen, E. I. (2008). Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112(15), 5762 - 5769. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp7118026
Nasibulin, A. G. ; Shandakov, S. D. ; Anisimov, A. S. ; Gonzalez, D. ; Jiang, Hua ; Pudas, M. ; Queipo, P. ; Kauppinen, Esko I. / Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2008 ; Vol. 112, No. 15. pp. 5762 - 5769.
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title = "Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres",
abstract = "Decomposition of ferrocene vapor in CO and N2 atmospheres in the temperature range from 800 to 1150 °C leading to the formation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) particles, respectively, was investigated by means of a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and laser desorption ionization time-of-flight spectrometry. This allowed us to produce aggregated iron oxide particles with mobility diameters of 20−60 nm and bundles of single-walled CNTs with mobility diameters of 60−100 nm. The DMA measurements of iron oxide particles revealed an equal negative and positive natural single charging with similar bimodal size distributions. Increasing the temperature resulted in the increase of the total particle concentration and a slight decrease in the fraction of charged particles from 30{\%} to 20{\%}. It was found that CNTs form spontaneously charged (92−99{\%}) bundles carrying up to five elementary electrical charges. The concentration ratio between positively and negatively charged CNTs decreased from 6 to 1, increasing the temperature in the system from 800 to 1150 °C. The charging phenomenon can be explained by electron and ion emission owing to the surface minimization processes in both particles and CNTs, resulting in high-energy release.",
author = "Nasibulin, {A. G.} and Shandakov, {S. D.} and Anisimov, {A. S.} and D. Gonzalez and Hua Jiang and M. Pudas and P. Queipo and Kauppinen, {Esko I.}",
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Nasibulin, AG, Shandakov, SD, Anisimov, AS, Gonzalez, D, Jiang, H, Pudas, M, Queipo, P & Kauppinen, EI 2008, 'Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres', Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 15, pp. 5762 - 5769. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp7118026

Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres. / Nasibulin, A. G. (Corresponding Author); Shandakov, S. D.; Anisimov, A. S.; Gonzalez, D.; Jiang, Hua; Pudas, M.; Queipo, P.; Kauppinen, Esko I.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, No. 15, 2008, p. 5762 - 5769.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres

AU - Nasibulin, A. G.

AU - Shandakov, S. D.

AU - Anisimov, A. S.

AU - Gonzalez, D.

AU - Jiang, Hua

AU - Pudas, M.

AU - Queipo, P.

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Decomposition of ferrocene vapor in CO and N2 atmospheres in the temperature range from 800 to 1150 °C leading to the formation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) particles, respectively, was investigated by means of a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and laser desorption ionization time-of-flight spectrometry. This allowed us to produce aggregated iron oxide particles with mobility diameters of 20−60 nm and bundles of single-walled CNTs with mobility diameters of 60−100 nm. The DMA measurements of iron oxide particles revealed an equal negative and positive natural single charging with similar bimodal size distributions. Increasing the temperature resulted in the increase of the total particle concentration and a slight decrease in the fraction of charged particles from 30% to 20%. It was found that CNTs form spontaneously charged (92−99%) bundles carrying up to five elementary electrical charges. The concentration ratio between positively and negatively charged CNTs decreased from 6 to 1, increasing the temperature in the system from 800 to 1150 °C. The charging phenomenon can be explained by electron and ion emission owing to the surface minimization processes in both particles and CNTs, resulting in high-energy release.

AB - Decomposition of ferrocene vapor in CO and N2 atmospheres in the temperature range from 800 to 1150 °C leading to the formation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) particles, respectively, was investigated by means of a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and laser desorption ionization time-of-flight spectrometry. This allowed us to produce aggregated iron oxide particles with mobility diameters of 20−60 nm and bundles of single-walled CNTs with mobility diameters of 60−100 nm. The DMA measurements of iron oxide particles revealed an equal negative and positive natural single charging with similar bimodal size distributions. Increasing the temperature resulted in the increase of the total particle concentration and a slight decrease in the fraction of charged particles from 30% to 20%. It was found that CNTs form spontaneously charged (92−99%) bundles carrying up to five elementary electrical charges. The concentration ratio between positively and negatively charged CNTs decreased from 6 to 1, increasing the temperature in the system from 800 to 1150 °C. The charging phenomenon can be explained by electron and ion emission owing to the surface minimization processes in both particles and CNTs, resulting in high-energy release.

U2 - 10.1021/jp7118026

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VL - 112

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EP - 5769

JO - Journal of Physical Chemistry C

JF - Journal of Physical Chemistry C

SN - 1932-7447

IS - 15

ER -

Nasibulin AG, Shandakov SD, Anisimov AS, Gonzalez D, Jiang H, Pudas M et al. Charging of aerosol products during ferrocene vapor decomposition in N2 and CO atmospheres. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2008;112(15):5762 - 5769. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp7118026