Chemical Characterization and Visualization of Progressive Brown Rot Decay of Wood by Near Infrared Imaging and Multivariate Analysis

Tiina Belt (Corresponding Author), Muhammad Awais, Mikko Mäkelä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Brown rot fungi cause a type of wood decay characterized by carbohydrate degradation and lignin modification. The chemical and physical changes caused by brown rot are usually studied using bulk analytical methods, but these methods fail to consider local variations within the wood material. In this study we applied hyperspectral near infrared imaging to Scots pine sapwood samples exposed to the brown rot fungi Coniophora puteana and Rhodonia placenta to obtain position-resolved chemical information on the fungal degradative process. A stacked-sample decay test was used to create a succession of decay stages within the samples. The results showed that the key chemical changes associated with decay were the degradation of amorphous and crystalline carbohydrates and an increase in aromatic and carbonyl functionality in lignin. The position-resolved spectral data revealed that the fungi initiated degradation in earlywood, and that earlywood remained more extensively degraded than latewood even in advanced decay stages. Apart from differences in mass losses, the two fungi produced similar spectral changes in a similar spatial pattern. The results show that near infrared imaging is a useful tool for analyzing brown rot decayed wood and may be used to advance our understanding of fungal degradative processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number940745
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • cellulose degradation
  • Coniophora puteana
  • earlywood
  • imaging
  • latewood
  • lignin modification
  • near infrared spectroscopy
  • Rhodonia placenta

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