Chemical modification of nanoscaled cellulosic building blocks: How to define the versatility?

Tekla Tammelin, Minna Hakalahti, Maria Soledad Peresin, Eero Kontturi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific


    It is a well-known fact that polymeric cellulose mols. are considered as versatile materials with respect to chem. modifications when compared to synthetic polymeric counterparts. Hydroxyl groups are readily able to undergo various derivatisation procedures both in aq. and in non-polar org. solvent environments. The identical versatility and effortless modification strategies are often claimed to apply for nanocellulosic materials as well due to the numerous and accessible hydroxyl groups located directly on the surfaces of fibrils or crystals prone to further functionalisations. In practice, nanocellulosic materials unfortunately often defy the facile chem. modification routes involving covalent binding. This presentation discusses the nanocellulose dispersion related challenges, which frequently result in severe agglomeration tendency of fibrils or crystals thus lowering the yield and degree of surface substitution of the endproducts. Simultaneously the precious nanoscaled fine structure is irreversibly lost. Furthermore, the purifn. processes for the modified nanocellulose grades are not trivial at all since nanoscaled materials prevent the conventional filtration and centrifugation procedures. These aspects are exemplified using simple chem. modification strategies based on APTES-chem. or pNIPAM grafting. Alternative modification strategy involving the direct interfacial modification of the already assembled nanocellulosic structures is proposed to overcome the aforementioned challenges.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAbstracts of Papers, 257th ACS National Meeting & Exposition, Orlando, FL, United States, Mar. 31-Apr. 4, 2019
    PublisherAmerican Chemical Society ACS
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event257th ACS National Meeting & Exposition - Orlando, United States
    Duration: 31 Mar 20194 Apr 2019

    Publication series

    SeriesAbstracts of Papers: The American Chemical Society


    Conference257th ACS National Meeting & Exposition
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


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