Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation

Lauri Kuutti (Corresponding Author), Heikki Pajari, Stella Rovio, Juha Kokkonen, Markus Nuopponen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The environmentally and economically friendly 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidation process requires recycling and/or recovery of chemicals. In this work, hypochlorite recycling via electrolysis was evaluated and potential means for TEMPO recovery were explored. The most important variable affecting electrochemical hypochlorite conversion was the concentration of sodium chloride in the feed solution. With 30 g/L NaCl salt, a sufficient hypochlorite concentration of 0.8% could be obtained for pulp oxidation of up to 5% consistency. The regeneration of hypochlorite in the treated TEMPO solution was possible by electrolysis and further oxidation performed with only a small addition of make-up chemicals. During electrolysis, some TEMPO degradation took place; therefore, recovery of TEMPO should be done prior to electrolysis. For the recovery of TEMPO, solid phase extraction was tested. The best recovery of TEMPO was obtained using a combination of hydrophobic solid phase extraction SPE resin material and distillation (yields between 52% and 87%).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6050-6061
JournalBioResources
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Hypochlorous Acid
Electrolysis
electrokinesis
oxidation
Recovery
Oxidation
Recycling
recycling
Sodium chloride
sodium chloride
distillation
Sodium Chloride
Distillation
Pulp
resin
Resins
regeneration
Salts
chemical
salt

Keywords

  • TEMPO oxidation
  • recovery
  • solid polymer phase
  • electrolysis
  • regeneration

Cite this

Kuutti, L., Pajari, H., Rovio, S., Kokkonen, J., & Nuopponen, M. (2016). Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation. BioResources, 11(3), 6050-6061.
Kuutti, Lauri ; Pajari, Heikki ; Rovio, Stella ; Kokkonen, Juha ; Nuopponen, Markus. / Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation. In: BioResources. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 6050-6061.
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abstract = "The environmentally and economically friendly 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidation process requires recycling and/or recovery of chemicals. In this work, hypochlorite recycling via electrolysis was evaluated and potential means for TEMPO recovery were explored. The most important variable affecting electrochemical hypochlorite conversion was the concentration of sodium chloride in the feed solution. With 30 g/L NaCl salt, a sufficient hypochlorite concentration of 0.8{\%} could be obtained for pulp oxidation of up to 5{\%} consistency. The regeneration of hypochlorite in the treated TEMPO solution was possible by electrolysis and further oxidation performed with only a small addition of make-up chemicals. During electrolysis, some TEMPO degradation took place; therefore, recovery of TEMPO should be done prior to electrolysis. For the recovery of TEMPO, solid phase extraction was tested. The best recovery of TEMPO was obtained using a combination of hydrophobic solid phase extraction SPE resin material and distillation (yields between 52{\%} and 87{\%}).",
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Kuutti, L, Pajari, H, Rovio, S, Kokkonen, J & Nuopponen, M 2016, 'Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation', BioResources, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 6050-6061.

Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation. / Kuutti, Lauri (Corresponding Author); Pajari, Heikki; Rovio, Stella; Kokkonen, Juha; Nuopponen, Markus.

In: BioResources, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2016, p. 6050-6061.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation

AU - Kuutti, Lauri

AU - Pajari, Heikki

AU - Rovio, Stella

AU - Kokkonen, Juha

AU - Nuopponen, Markus

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The environmentally and economically friendly 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidation process requires recycling and/or recovery of chemicals. In this work, hypochlorite recycling via electrolysis was evaluated and potential means for TEMPO recovery were explored. The most important variable affecting electrochemical hypochlorite conversion was the concentration of sodium chloride in the feed solution. With 30 g/L NaCl salt, a sufficient hypochlorite concentration of 0.8% could be obtained for pulp oxidation of up to 5% consistency. The regeneration of hypochlorite in the treated TEMPO solution was possible by electrolysis and further oxidation performed with only a small addition of make-up chemicals. During electrolysis, some TEMPO degradation took place; therefore, recovery of TEMPO should be done prior to electrolysis. For the recovery of TEMPO, solid phase extraction was tested. The best recovery of TEMPO was obtained using a combination of hydrophobic solid phase extraction SPE resin material and distillation (yields between 52% and 87%).

AB - The environmentally and economically friendly 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPO) oxidation process requires recycling and/or recovery of chemicals. In this work, hypochlorite recycling via electrolysis was evaluated and potential means for TEMPO recovery were explored. The most important variable affecting electrochemical hypochlorite conversion was the concentration of sodium chloride in the feed solution. With 30 g/L NaCl salt, a sufficient hypochlorite concentration of 0.8% could be obtained for pulp oxidation of up to 5% consistency. The regeneration of hypochlorite in the treated TEMPO solution was possible by electrolysis and further oxidation performed with only a small addition of make-up chemicals. During electrolysis, some TEMPO degradation took place; therefore, recovery of TEMPO should be done prior to electrolysis. For the recovery of TEMPO, solid phase extraction was tested. The best recovery of TEMPO was obtained using a combination of hydrophobic solid phase extraction SPE resin material and distillation (yields between 52% and 87%).

KW - TEMPO oxidation

KW - recovery

KW - solid polymer phase

KW - electrolysis

KW - regeneration

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 6050

EP - 6061

JO - BioResources

JF - BioResources

SN - 1930-2126

IS - 3

ER -

Kuutti L, Pajari H, Rovio S, Kokkonen J, Nuopponen M. Chemical Recovery in TEMPO Oxidation. BioResources. 2016;11(3):6050-6061.