Cigarettes as a source of some trace and heavy metals and pesticides in man

Helena Mussalo-Rauhamaa, Seppo Salmela, Annukka Leppänen, Heikki Pyysalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trace and heavy metal and pesticide contents of different tobacco brands sold in Finland during 1920 to 1984 were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with the purpose of investigating the variation in contents over time. In addition, the following were studied: (a) the effect of commercial filters in cigarettes in preventing the inhalation of metals, (b) the transfer of metals and pesticides to the mainstream smoke; and (c) the correlation between the cadmium content of adipose tissue of smokers and their smoking habits. No differences were found in trace and heavy metal contents of different brands and packs from different decades. The pesticide residues in tobacco have followed the pattern of their use in the tobacco plantation. The dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) content of tobacco has decreased during the past 20 yr to about 1/200 of the peak value, i.e., from 34.5 to 0.17 μg/g. Cigarette filters significantly prevent the inhalation of cadmium, lead, magnesium, and iron. The mean content of cadmium in fat tissue of male smokers was four times that of non-smokers. The difference was statistically significant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49 - 55
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Environmental Health
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Fingerprint

Tobacco
Heavy Metals
tobacco
Cadmium
Pesticides
Tobacco Products
trace metal
pesticide
heavy metal
Inhalation
cadmium
Metals
Pesticide Residues
Cigarette filters
Tobacco Use
Finland
Tissue
filter
Smoke
Atomic spectroscopy

Cite this

Mussalo-Rauhamaa, Helena ; Salmela, Seppo ; Leppänen, Annukka ; Pyysalo, Heikki. / Cigarettes as a source of some trace and heavy metals and pesticides in man. In: Archives of Environmental Health. 1986 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 49 - 55.
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abstract = "Trace and heavy metal and pesticide contents of different tobacco brands sold in Finland during 1920 to 1984 were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with the purpose of investigating the variation in contents over time. In addition, the following were studied: (a) the effect of commercial filters in cigarettes in preventing the inhalation of metals, (b) the transfer of metals and pesticides to the mainstream smoke; and (c) the correlation between the cadmium content of adipose tissue of smokers and their smoking habits. No differences were found in trace and heavy metal contents of different brands and packs from different decades. The pesticide residues in tobacco have followed the pattern of their use in the tobacco plantation. The dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) content of tobacco has decreased during the past 20 yr to about 1/200 of the peak value, i.e., from 34.5 to 0.17 μg/g. Cigarette filters significantly prevent the inhalation of cadmium, lead, magnesium, and iron. The mean content of cadmium in fat tissue of male smokers was four times that of non-smokers. The difference was statistically significant.",
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Cigarettes as a source of some trace and heavy metals and pesticides in man. / Mussalo-Rauhamaa, Helena; Salmela, Seppo; Leppänen, Annukka; Pyysalo, Heikki.

In: Archives of Environmental Health, Vol. 41, No. 1, 1986, p. 49 - 55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Cigarettes as a source of some trace and heavy metals and pesticides in man

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PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - Trace and heavy metal and pesticide contents of different tobacco brands sold in Finland during 1920 to 1984 were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with the purpose of investigating the variation in contents over time. In addition, the following were studied: (a) the effect of commercial filters in cigarettes in preventing the inhalation of metals, (b) the transfer of metals and pesticides to the mainstream smoke; and (c) the correlation between the cadmium content of adipose tissue of smokers and their smoking habits. No differences were found in trace and heavy metal contents of different brands and packs from different decades. The pesticide residues in tobacco have followed the pattern of their use in the tobacco plantation. The dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) content of tobacco has decreased during the past 20 yr to about 1/200 of the peak value, i.e., from 34.5 to 0.17 μg/g. Cigarette filters significantly prevent the inhalation of cadmium, lead, magnesium, and iron. The mean content of cadmium in fat tissue of male smokers was four times that of non-smokers. The difference was statistically significant.

AB - Trace and heavy metal and pesticide contents of different tobacco brands sold in Finland during 1920 to 1984 were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with the purpose of investigating the variation in contents over time. In addition, the following were studied: (a) the effect of commercial filters in cigarettes in preventing the inhalation of metals, (b) the transfer of metals and pesticides to the mainstream smoke; and (c) the correlation between the cadmium content of adipose tissue of smokers and their smoking habits. No differences were found in trace and heavy metal contents of different brands and packs from different decades. The pesticide residues in tobacco have followed the pattern of their use in the tobacco plantation. The dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) content of tobacco has decreased during the past 20 yr to about 1/200 of the peak value, i.e., from 34.5 to 0.17 μg/g. Cigarette filters significantly prevent the inhalation of cadmium, lead, magnesium, and iron. The mean content of cadmium in fat tissue of male smokers was four times that of non-smokers. The difference was statistically significant.

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