CIP2A Inhibits PP2A in Human Malignancies

Melissa R. Junttila, Pietri Puustinen, Minna Niemelä, Raija Ahola, Hugh Arnold, Trine Böttzauw, Risto Ala-aho, Christina Nielsen, Johanna Ivaska, Yoichi Taya, Shi-Long Lu, Shujun Lin, Edward K.L. Chan, Xiao-Jing Wang, Reidar Grènman, Jürgen Kast, Tuula Kallunki, Rosalie Sears, Veli-Matti Kähäri, Jukka Westermarck (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

436 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity has been identified as a prerequisite for the transformation of human cells. However, the molecular mechanisms by which PP2A activity is inhibited in human cancers are currently unclear. In this study, we describe a cellular inhibitor of PP2A with oncogenic activity. The protein, designated Cancerous Inhibitor of PP2A (CIP2A), interacts directly with the oncogenic transcription factor c-Myc, inhibits PP2A activity toward c-Myc serine 62 (S62), and thereby prevents c-Myc proteolytic degradation. In addition to its function in c-Myc stabilization, CIP2A promotes anchorage-independent cell growth and in vivo tumor formation. The oncogenic activity of CIP2A is demonstrated by transformation of human cells by overexpression of CIP2A. Importantly, CIP2A is overexpressed in two common human malignancies, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and colon cancer. Thus, our data show that CIP2A is a human oncoprotein that inhibits PP2A and stabilizes c-Myc in human malignancies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-62
JournalCell
Volume130
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • HUMDISEASE
  • SIGNALING

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