Circular Economy and zero waste aspects and business models of production: SCRREEN Deliverable D4.3

Marjaana Karhu (Corresponding author), Joanna Kotnis, Yongxiang Yang, Pierre Menger, Ainara Garcia Uriarte, Kimmo Kaunisto, Elina Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina Yli-Rantala, Lena Sundqvist Ökvist, Xianfeng Hu, Teodora Retegan, María Gonzáles-Moya, Michalis Samouhos, Maria Taxiarchou, Michal Drzazga, Jolanta Niedbala

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    This deliverable reports the survey done in SCRREEN project in Task 4.3 relating to environmental trends and Circular Economy (CE) aspects of CRM production. For each CRM, the Circular Economy aspects were addressed in order to identify
    the gaps that limit performance of the processing chains, hinder closing the loop and hinder a zero-waste CRM production. Information on processes, production, solutions and eco-design principles for closing the loop of raw materials in order to support the zero-waste point-of-view, resource efficiency and energy efficiency simultaneously were gathered. In addition, the aspects supporting Circular Economy were evaluated trying to resolve the identified challenges. Lastly, the environmental issues e.g. toxicity related to CRMs production were reviewed.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherEuropean Union
    Number of pages208
    Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2018
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Keywords

    • CRM
    • circular economy
    • business model
    • zero waste

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