Circularity of Carbon-Containing Wastes: Technical Steps Towards

Kirsi Korpijärvi (Editor), Antti Arasto (Editor)

Research output: Book/ReportReport


The objective of this paper is to present an ambitious but realistic vision how carbon containing waste fractions can be utilised in Finland. A pragmatic view on waste sector streams in Finland and technology development are presented to enable understanding of better utilisation potential of those streams in near future. The intention was also to try to define limits of technology and benchmark that against different waste and side streams and their qualities. The paper discusses current situation and regulation of carbon containing waste streams in Finland and the EU. Next the technologies that are currently used to process these waste streams are described together with the technologies that can be considered as future alternatives for better utilisation of those streams. Finally, conclusions and recommendations towards short- and medium-term future will be given to pave the way for circular, green and digital Europe.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages39
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Discussion paper


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