The objective of this paper is to present an ambitious but realistic vision how carbon containing waste fractions can be utilised in Finland. A pragmatic view on waste sector streams in Finland and technology development are presented to enable understanding of better utilisation potential of those streams in near future. The intention was also to try to define limits of technology and benchmark that against different waste and side streams and their qualities. The paper discusses current situation and regulation of carbon containing waste streams in Finland and the EU. Next the technologies that are currently used to process these waste streams are described together with the technologies that can be considered as future alternatives for better utilisation of those streams. Finally, conclusions and recommendations towards short- and medium-term future will be given to pave the way for circular, green and digital Europe.
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||39|
|Publication status||Published - May 2023|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
|Series||VTT Discussion paper|