Cloning and expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae of a Trichoderma reesei β-mannanase gene containing a cellulose binding domain

H. Stalbrand, A. Saloheimo, J. Vehmaanpera, B. Henrissat, M. Penttila

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β-Mannanase (endo-l,4-β-mannanase; mannan endo-1,4-β-mannosidase; EC catalyzes endo-wise hydrolysis of the backbone of mannan and heteromannans, including hemicellulose polysaccharides, which are among the major components of plant cell walls. The gene manl, which encodes β- mannanase, of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei was isolated from an expression library by using antiserum raised towards the earlier-purified β- mannanase protein. The deduced β-mannanase consists of 410 amino acids. On the basis of hydrophobic cluster analysis, the β-mannanase was assigned to family 5 of glycosyl hydrolases (cellulase family A). The C terminus of the β-mannanase has strong amino acid sequence similarity to the cellulose binding domains of fungal cellulases and is preceded by a serine-, threonine- , and proline-rich region. Consequently, the β-mannanase is probably organized similarly to the T. reesei cellulases, having a catalytic core domain separated from the substrate-binding domain by an O-glycosylated linker. Active β-mannanase was expressed and secreted by using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as the host. The results indicate that the manl gene encodes the two β-mannanases with different isoelectric points (pIs 4.6 and 5.4) purified earlier from T. reesei.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1097
Number of pages8
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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