Co-processing of fossil feedstock with lignin-derived model compound isoeugenol over Fe-Ni/H-Y-5.1 catalysts

Bibesh Gauli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Co-processing of n-hexadecane with lignin derived isoeugenol as a model compound was investigated in this work using low-cost mono- and bimetallic iron and nickel supported on H-Y-5.1 zeolite. Different Fe-Ni metal ratios in the catalyst led to different reaction rates of processes and product distribution. The presence of just 0.26 wt% isoeugenol in the mixture with n-hexadecane made hydroisomerization-hydrocracking of the latter two-fold less active. Catalysts with smaller metal particle sizes, lower than 6 nm were more efficient pointing out on structure sensitivity. Extremely high activity in co-processing was obtained over 2 wt% Fe – 8 wt% Ni/H-Y-5.1 catalysts with the median metal particle size of 4.6 nm and metals-to-acid site ratio of 8.6. Fe catalyst were much less active in isoeugenol hydrodeoxygenation, while high cracking activity of hexadecane was observed in the presence of Ni. Alkylation of n-hexadecane was a feature of 8 wt% Fe – 2 wt% Ni/H-Y-5.1, whereas, over the 5 wt% Fe – 5 wt% Ni/H-Y-5.1 bifunctional catalyst no undesired oxygen-containing cyclic products were detected. This catalyst exhibited the highest hydrogen consumption according to temperature programmed desorption, which can serve as a marker for efficient hydrodeoxygenation. The spent catalysts contained ca 40 wt% of coke with predominantly aliphatic species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-116
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bio-fuel
  • Co-processing
  • Fe-Ni catalysts
  • Hexadecane
  • Hydrodeoxygenation
  • Isoeugenol
  • Lignin-derivative


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