Co-production of synthetic fuels and district heat from biomass residues, carbon dioxide and electricity

Performance and cost analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large-scale systems suitable for the production of synthetic natural gas (SNG), methanol or gasoline (MTG) are examined using a self-consistent design, simulation and cost analysis framework. Three basic production routes are considered: (1) production from biomass via gasification; (2) from carbon dioxide and electricity via water electrolysis; (3) from biomass and electricity via hybrid process combining elements from routes (1) and (2). Process designs are developed based on technologies that are either commercially available or successfully demonstrated at precommercial scale. The prospective economics of future facilities coproducing fuels and district heat are evaluated from the perspective of a synthetic fuel producer. The levelised production costs range from 18-37 euros/GJ for natural gas, 21-40 euros/GJ for methanol and 23-48 euros/GJ for gasoline, depending on the production route. For a given end-product, the lowest costs are associated with thermochemical plant configurations, followed by hybrid and electrochemical plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26 - 46
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Synthetic fuels
cost analysis
natural gas
gasoline
electricity
methanol
Carbon dioxide
Biomass
Electricity
carbon dioxide
heat
gasification
biomass
production cost
production costs
Costs
electrokinesis
production technology
Gasoline
Natural gas

Keywords

  • biomass residues
  • gasification
  • carbon dioxide
  • synthetic fuels
  • district heating

Cite this

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title = "Co-production of synthetic fuels and district heat from biomass residues, carbon dioxide and electricity: Performance and cost analysis",
abstract = "Large-scale systems suitable for the production of synthetic natural gas (SNG), methanol or gasoline (MTG) are examined using a self-consistent design, simulation and cost analysis framework. Three basic production routes are considered: (1) production from biomass via gasification; (2) from carbon dioxide and electricity via water electrolysis; (3) from biomass and electricity via hybrid process combining elements from routes (1) and (2). Process designs are developed based on technologies that are either commercially available or successfully demonstrated at precommercial scale. The prospective economics of future facilities coproducing fuels and district heat are evaluated from the perspective of a synthetic fuel producer. The levelised production costs range from 18-37 euros/GJ for natural gas, 21-40 euros/GJ for methanol and 23-48 euros/GJ for gasoline, depending on the production route. For a given end-product, the lowest costs are associated with thermochemical plant configurations, followed by hybrid and electrochemical plants.",
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author = "Ilkka Hannula",
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Co-production of synthetic fuels and district heat from biomass residues, carbon dioxide and electricity : Performance and cost analysis. / Hannula, Ilkka.

In: Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 74, 2015, p. 26 - 46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Co-production of synthetic fuels and district heat from biomass residues, carbon dioxide and electricity

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AU - Hannula, Ilkka

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AB - Large-scale systems suitable for the production of synthetic natural gas (SNG), methanol or gasoline (MTG) are examined using a self-consistent design, simulation and cost analysis framework. Three basic production routes are considered: (1) production from biomass via gasification; (2) from carbon dioxide and electricity via water electrolysis; (3) from biomass and electricity via hybrid process combining elements from routes (1) and (2). Process designs are developed based on technologies that are either commercially available or successfully demonstrated at precommercial scale. The prospective economics of future facilities coproducing fuels and district heat are evaluated from the perspective of a synthetic fuel producer. The levelised production costs range from 18-37 euros/GJ for natural gas, 21-40 euros/GJ for methanol and 23-48 euros/GJ for gasoline, depending on the production route. For a given end-product, the lowest costs are associated with thermochemical plant configurations, followed by hybrid and electrochemical plants.

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KW - synthetic fuels

KW - district heating

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