Coated surface design by modelling and simulation

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    Abstract

    Surface coatings, like titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings offer high wear resistance and low friction performance for a wide range of applications. By using new techniques like modelling and simulation, the coating performance under load can be estimated and thus provide valuable information for the coating design and for the use of coatings in different applications. A three dimensional Finite Element Method (3D FEM) model has been developed for calculating both the first principal stress distribution and the true stress components in the scratch test contact as the spherical diamond tip is moving with increased load on a titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coated steel surface. The three dimensional model is comprehensive in the sense that it considers elastic, plastic and fracture behaviour of the contacting surfaces. Three main regions of stress concentration during the scratching action has been identified and analysed. The first cracks to appear on the surface of a high speed steel sample coated with a 2 ìm TiN coating or 1 ìm DLC coating are angular cracks on the edge of the scratch channel as the spherical diamond tip is sliding on the coated surface. This corresponds to the area of high two directional stresses occurring at the side of the scratch channel. By identifying the location of the first crack and the crack density along the scratch channel and by using this as input data the fracture toughness of the coating can be evaluated. The influence of the coating thickness and elastic modulus on the stresses and strains generated during the sliding process is demonstrated.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages13
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006 - Mikkeli, Finland
    Duration: 16 Mar 200618 Mar 2006

    Conference

    Conference3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006
    Abbreviated titleMIICS 2006
    CountryFinland
    CityMikkeli
    Period16/03/0618/03/06

    Fingerprint

    Coatings
    Diamonds
    Titanium nitride
    Cracks
    Carbon
    Stress concentration
    Finite element method
    Steel
    Wear resistance
    Fracture toughness
    Elastic moduli
    Friction
    Plastics

    Keywords

    • ProperTune

    Cite this

    Ronkainen, H., Holmberg, K., & Laukkanen, A. (2006). Coated surface design by modelling and simulation. Paper presented at 3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006, Mikkeli, Finland.
    Ronkainen, Helena ; Holmberg, Kenneth ; Laukkanen, Anssi. / Coated surface design by modelling and simulation. Paper presented at 3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006, Mikkeli, Finland.13 p.
    @conference{8e0517679b2245b19470b0bea1930ef1,
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    abstract = "Surface coatings, like titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings offer high wear resistance and low friction performance for a wide range of applications. By using new techniques like modelling and simulation, the coating performance under load can be estimated and thus provide valuable information for the coating design and for the use of coatings in different applications. A three dimensional Finite Element Method (3D FEM) model has been developed for calculating both the first principal stress distribution and the true stress components in the scratch test contact as the spherical diamond tip is moving with increased load on a titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coated steel surface. The three dimensional model is comprehensive in the sense that it considers elastic, plastic and fracture behaviour of the contacting surfaces. Three main regions of stress concentration during the scratching action has been identified and analysed. The first cracks to appear on the surface of a high speed steel sample coated with a 2 {\`i}m TiN coating or 1 {\`i}m DLC coating are angular cracks on the edge of the scratch channel as the spherical diamond tip is sliding on the coated surface. This corresponds to the area of high two directional stresses occurring at the side of the scratch channel. By identifying the location of the first crack and the crack density along the scratch channel and by using this as input data the fracture toughness of the coating can be evaluated. The influence of the coating thickness and elastic modulus on the stresses and strains generated during the sliding process is demonstrated.",
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    author = "Helena Ronkainen and Kenneth Holmberg and Anssi Laukkanen",
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    Ronkainen, H, Holmberg, K & Laukkanen, A 2006, 'Coated surface design by modelling and simulation', Paper presented at 3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006, Mikkeli, Finland, 16/03/06 - 18/03/06.

    Coated surface design by modelling and simulation. / Ronkainen, Helena; Holmberg, Kenneth; Laukkanen, Anssi.

    2006. Paper presented at 3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006, Mikkeli, Finland.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Coated surface design by modelling and simulation

    AU - Ronkainen, Helena

    AU - Holmberg, Kenneth

    AU - Laukkanen, Anssi

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - Surface coatings, like titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings offer high wear resistance and low friction performance for a wide range of applications. By using new techniques like modelling and simulation, the coating performance under load can be estimated and thus provide valuable information for the coating design and for the use of coatings in different applications. A three dimensional Finite Element Method (3D FEM) model has been developed for calculating both the first principal stress distribution and the true stress components in the scratch test contact as the spherical diamond tip is moving with increased load on a titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coated steel surface. The three dimensional model is comprehensive in the sense that it considers elastic, plastic and fracture behaviour of the contacting surfaces. Three main regions of stress concentration during the scratching action has been identified and analysed. The first cracks to appear on the surface of a high speed steel sample coated with a 2 ìm TiN coating or 1 ìm DLC coating are angular cracks on the edge of the scratch channel as the spherical diamond tip is sliding on the coated surface. This corresponds to the area of high two directional stresses occurring at the side of the scratch channel. By identifying the location of the first crack and the crack density along the scratch channel and by using this as input data the fracture toughness of the coating can be evaluated. The influence of the coating thickness and elastic modulus on the stresses and strains generated during the sliding process is demonstrated.

    AB - Surface coatings, like titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings offer high wear resistance and low friction performance for a wide range of applications. By using new techniques like modelling and simulation, the coating performance under load can be estimated and thus provide valuable information for the coating design and for the use of coatings in different applications. A three dimensional Finite Element Method (3D FEM) model has been developed for calculating both the first principal stress distribution and the true stress components in the scratch test contact as the spherical diamond tip is moving with increased load on a titanium nitride (TiN) and diamond-like carbon (DLC) coated steel surface. The three dimensional model is comprehensive in the sense that it considers elastic, plastic and fracture behaviour of the contacting surfaces. Three main regions of stress concentration during the scratching action has been identified and analysed. The first cracks to appear on the surface of a high speed steel sample coated with a 2 ìm TiN coating or 1 ìm DLC coating are angular cracks on the edge of the scratch channel as the spherical diamond tip is sliding on the coated surface. This corresponds to the area of high two directional stresses occurring at the side of the scratch channel. By identifying the location of the first crack and the crack density along the scratch channel and by using this as input data the fracture toughness of the coating can be evaluated. The influence of the coating thickness and elastic modulus on the stresses and strains generated during the sliding process is demonstrated.

    KW - ProperTune

    M3 - Conference article

    ER -

    Ronkainen H, Holmberg K, Laukkanen A. Coated surface design by modelling and simulation. 2006. Paper presented at 3rd Mikkeli International Industrial Coating Seminar, MIICS 2006, Mikkeli, Finland.