All international codes used for design, operation and inspection of NPP primary circuit pressure boundaries are rooted to the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, Nuclear Vessels, 1963. Article 4, N-415 “Analysis for cyclic operation” instructed calculation of stress intensities for fatigue transients and provided two design curves for basic material types. Different codes such as ASME, RCC-M, KTA, PNAE and JSME have much in common, but partial deviations exist. In 2007 the US NRC Regulatory Guide 1.207 endorsed a methodology for accounting the environmental effects. It was mainly based on extensive work in Japan and the Argonne National Laboratory. The final report of ANL, NUREG/CR-6909 became a major reference and subject of criticism. However, the first approach for environment assisted fatigue (EAF) written in 'code language' was published in Japan and a regulatory requirement for consideration of EAF both for operating reactors and new designs appeared first in Finland. This paper discusses challenges in management of fatigue and the evolving state-of-the-art in different codes, standards, rules and assumptions. The roots and current status of fatigue curves and design criteria applied in Finnish NPP's are explained.