Cogrinding Wood Fibers and Tannins: Surfactant Effects on the Interactions and Properties of Functional Films for Sustainable Packaging Materials

André L. Missio, Bruno D. Mattos, Caio G. Otoni, Marina Gentil, Rodrigo Coldebella, Alexey Khakalo, Darci A. Gatto, Orlando J. Rojas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We report on the combination of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and condensed tannins from Acacia mearnsii for the development of hybrid, functional films. The tannins are fractionated and concentrated in polyphenolics that are used for functional components in the hybrid materials. Cogrinding of wood fibers with the tannins in aqueous media allows simultaneous fiber deconstruction and in situ binding of tannins on the freshly exposed cellulosic surfaces. Hence, a tightly bound bicomponent system is produced, which is otherwise not possible if typical adsorption protocols are followed, mainly due to the extensive hydration typical of CNFs. A nonionic surfactant is used to tailor the cellulose-tannin interactions. The proposed strategy not only enables the incorporation of tannins with CNFs but also endows a high and prolonged antioxidant effect of films formed by filtration. Compared to tannin-free films, those carrying tannins are considerably more hydrophobic. In addition, they show selective absorption of ultraviolet light while maintaining optical transparency in the visible range. The proposed simple protocol for incorporating tannins and surfactants with CNFs is suitable to produce functional materials. This is possible by understanding associated interfacial phenomena in the context of sustainable materials within the concept of the circular bioeconomy.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Feb 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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