Combustion of some pesticides and evaluation of the environmental impact

Virve Christiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method of combustion and sampling for small-scale laboratory experiments under defined conditions is described. The combustion products were analysed qualitatively and quantitatively, and their environmental impact and toxicology are reviewed. For sampling the organic combustion products, a three-step sampling system is necessary: a cold trap for cooling the combustion products, a filter to sample compounds which have condensed to particles, and an activated carbon tube to sample lower boiling compounds. The pesticides investigated in this study were 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethoate and methyl parathion.

During a real fire situation, the gaseous combustion products are the most dangerous to the fire-fighters and nearby residents. To protect the environment from disaster during a serious fire in a warehouse where pesticides are stored, the fire-fighters should perhaps not even try to extinguish the fire if it is widespread. Instead, they could protect the surroundings at the scene of the fire and could promote a fast hot fire to burn out all the organic material. This would raise the toxic gases higher into the atmosphere, where they would be diluted, thereby reducing the risk that residents living nearby would be exposed to very high, even lethal, concentrations of toxic gases. In this case, the environmental damage would also be minor, because the organic materials would not enter the soil and they would not be transported by fire-fighting water.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Pesticides
combustion
Environmental impact
environmental impact
Fires
pesticides
fire fighters
Firefighters
Poisons
sampling
gases
MCPA (herbicide)
fire fighting
2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid
parathion-methyl
Sampling
Gases
dimethoate
Dimethoate
ecotoxicology

Cite this

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title = "Combustion of some pesticides and evaluation of the environmental impact",
abstract = "A method of combustion and sampling for small-scale laboratory experiments under defined conditions is described. The combustion products were analysed qualitatively and quantitatively, and their environmental impact and toxicology are reviewed. For sampling the organic combustion products, a three-step sampling system is necessary: a cold trap for cooling the combustion products, a filter to sample compounds which have condensed to particles, and an activated carbon tube to sample lower boiling compounds. The pesticides investigated in this study were 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid, dimethoate and methyl parathion.During a real fire situation, the gaseous combustion products are the most dangerous to the fire-fighters and nearby residents. To protect the environment from disaster during a serious fire in a warehouse where pesticides are stored, the fire-fighters should perhaps not even try to extinguish the fire if it is widespread. Instead, they could protect the surroundings at the scene of the fire and could promote a fast hot fire to burn out all the organic material. This would raise the toxic gases higher into the atmosphere, where they would be diluted, thereby reducing the risk that residents living nearby would be exposed to very high, even lethal, concentrations of toxic gases. In this case, the environmental damage would also be minor, because the organic materials would not enter the soil and they would not be transported by fire-fighting water.",
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Combustion of some pesticides and evaluation of the environmental impact. / Christiansen, Virve.

In: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1994, p. 39-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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