Comfort assessment in the context of sustainable buildings

Comparison of simplified and detailed human thermal sensation methods

Riikka Holopainen (Corresponding Author), Pekka Tuomaala, P. Hernandez, Tarja Häkkinen, Kalevi Piira, Jouko Piippo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper, based on research conducted under the EU FP7 "SuPerBuildings" project, presents current practice and approaches to comfort assessment and specification. The paper compares and discusses the results of different methods used for the calculation of thermal comfort: Fanger's PMV method, the adaptive predicted mean vote (aPMV) method, a Human Thermal Model integrated in a building simulation environment and the adaptive control algorithm ACA as an example of the adaptive comfort methods are described and applied to a test case. Results show how HTM, aPMV and ACA allow for more flexibility of the indoor conditions than the Fanger's PMV method. These flexible conditions would mean that unnecessary heating and cooling could be avoided in situations where there is still an acceptable degree of satisfaction with the indoor environment. These approaches would therefore help for an assessment in the context of sustainable building assessment, where satisfactory indoor conditions are sought, while ensuring low energy use and running costs and therefore improving environmental and economic performance of the building.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-70
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Thermal comfort
building
Cooling
Specifications
Heating
Economics
Costs
voter
heat pump
energy use
flexibility
EU
Hot Temperature
comparison
method
heating
cooling
energy
simulation
costs

Keywords

  • adaptive comfort
  • human thermal model
  • sustainable building
  • thermal comfort
  • thermal sensation

Cite this

@article{2fc1c6a230b049e095e1c68790253086,
title = "Comfort assessment in the context of sustainable buildings: Comparison of simplified and detailed human thermal sensation methods",
abstract = "This paper, based on research conducted under the EU FP7 {"}SuPerBuildings{"} project, presents current practice and approaches to comfort assessment and specification. The paper compares and discusses the results of different methods used for the calculation of thermal comfort: Fanger's PMV method, the adaptive predicted mean vote (aPMV) method, a Human Thermal Model integrated in a building simulation environment and the adaptive control algorithm ACA as an example of the adaptive comfort methods are described and applied to a test case. Results show how HTM, aPMV and ACA allow for more flexibility of the indoor conditions than the Fanger's PMV method. These flexible conditions would mean that unnecessary heating and cooling could be avoided in situations where there is still an acceptable degree of satisfaction with the indoor environment. These approaches would therefore help for an assessment in the context of sustainable building assessment, where satisfactory indoor conditions are sought, while ensuring low energy use and running costs and therefore improving environmental and economic performance of the building.",
keywords = "adaptive comfort, human thermal model, sustainable building, thermal comfort, thermal sensation",
author = "Riikka Holopainen and Pekka Tuomaala and P. Hernandez and Tarja H{\"a}kkinen and Kalevi Piira and Jouko Piippo",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.09.009",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "60--70",
journal = "Building and Environment",
issn = "0360-1323",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Comfort assessment in the context of sustainable buildings : Comparison of simplified and detailed human thermal sensation methods. / Holopainen, Riikka (Corresponding Author); Tuomaala, Pekka; Hernandez, P.; Häkkinen, Tarja; Piira, Kalevi; Piippo, Jouko.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 71, 2014, p. 60-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comfort assessment in the context of sustainable buildings

T2 - Comparison of simplified and detailed human thermal sensation methods

AU - Holopainen, Riikka

AU - Tuomaala, Pekka

AU - Hernandez, P.

AU - Häkkinen, Tarja

AU - Piira, Kalevi

AU - Piippo, Jouko

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This paper, based on research conducted under the EU FP7 "SuPerBuildings" project, presents current practice and approaches to comfort assessment and specification. The paper compares and discusses the results of different methods used for the calculation of thermal comfort: Fanger's PMV method, the adaptive predicted mean vote (aPMV) method, a Human Thermal Model integrated in a building simulation environment and the adaptive control algorithm ACA as an example of the adaptive comfort methods are described and applied to a test case. Results show how HTM, aPMV and ACA allow for more flexibility of the indoor conditions than the Fanger's PMV method. These flexible conditions would mean that unnecessary heating and cooling could be avoided in situations where there is still an acceptable degree of satisfaction with the indoor environment. These approaches would therefore help for an assessment in the context of sustainable building assessment, where satisfactory indoor conditions are sought, while ensuring low energy use and running costs and therefore improving environmental and economic performance of the building.

AB - This paper, based on research conducted under the EU FP7 "SuPerBuildings" project, presents current practice and approaches to comfort assessment and specification. The paper compares and discusses the results of different methods used for the calculation of thermal comfort: Fanger's PMV method, the adaptive predicted mean vote (aPMV) method, a Human Thermal Model integrated in a building simulation environment and the adaptive control algorithm ACA as an example of the adaptive comfort methods are described and applied to a test case. Results show how HTM, aPMV and ACA allow for more flexibility of the indoor conditions than the Fanger's PMV method. These flexible conditions would mean that unnecessary heating and cooling could be avoided in situations where there is still an acceptable degree of satisfaction with the indoor environment. These approaches would therefore help for an assessment in the context of sustainable building assessment, where satisfactory indoor conditions are sought, while ensuring low energy use and running costs and therefore improving environmental and economic performance of the building.

KW - adaptive comfort

KW - human thermal model

KW - sustainable building

KW - thermal comfort

KW - thermal sensation

U2 - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.09.009

DO - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.09.009

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 60

EP - 70

JO - Building and Environment

JF - Building and Environment

SN - 0360-1323

ER -