Communication in an Emergency Exercise

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

Abstract

Emergency exercises provide an efficient means to test and strengthen capabilities for a potential emergency. Essentially, emergency exercises are events with many participants, both inside and outside the nuclear power plant. By rehearsing among several parties, not only the intraorganisational skills and capabilities but also the skills and capabilities relying on interorganisational resources can be practised. One of the main matters affecting the successfulness of emergency (exercise) related operations is coordination and communication among the participating organisations. To balance the fact that emergency exercises aim to deal with unexpected and severe situations, the coordination and communication are designed according to predefined roles and processes, aiming at facilitating the joint endeavour. The Emergency Response Organisation of a plant consists of sub divisions and roles with specific responsibilities. Each role is manned with several nominees so that the absence of one person does not hinder the accomplishment of the tasks of that specific role. Regarding communication practises, one possibility is to allow communication to take place among several professionals between organisations and at the other end of the continuum is to nominate a contact person to perform contacting the contact person of the other party. In this study, the latter strategy is scrutinised. We studied communication and collaboration in an emergency exercise of a nuclear power plant in Finland. The exercise represented the regular, annual exercise with several stakeholders, the most important being the nuclear power plant personnel (Emergency Response Organisation representatives), local governmental emergency response centre (with the responsibility to alarm and dispatch, for instance, police and fire brigade), local fire station, and police. Particularly, we studied the communication of the contact persons of Technical Support Centre and the Emergency Response Centre of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK). The main task of these contact persons was to acquire information about the plant's status during the emergency (exercise) by contacting the contact person of the plant's Emergency Response Centre. As the present exercise scenario was not demanding for the studied parties, nothing can be concluded about the effectiveness of communication. The similarities and differences in verbal communication between these organisations, though, are analysed, and the reasons for these differences discussed. We also studied the appropriateness of an online classification of verbal utterances and found the method used suitable for this purpose. To understand communication it is not enough, though, but at least interviewing is also needed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventEnlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017 - Lillehammer, Norway
Duration: 24 Sep 201729 Sep 2017

Workshop

WorkshopEnlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017
Abbreviated titleEHPG 2017
CountryNorway
CityLillehammer
Period24/09/1729/09/17

Fingerprint

Communication
Nuclear power plants
Law enforcement
Fires
Personnel
Radiation

Keywords

  • emergency exercise
  • communication
  • nuclear

Cite this

Liinasuo, M., Koskinen, H., & Porthin, M. (2017). Communication in an Emergency Exercise. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017, Lillehammer, Norway.
Liinasuo, Marja ; Koskinen, Hanna ; Porthin, Markus. / Communication in an Emergency Exercise. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017, Lillehammer, Norway.
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keywords = "emergency exercise, communication, nuclear",
author = "Marja Liinasuo and Hanna Koskinen and Markus Porthin",
note = "peer-reviewed: Abstract only SDA: MIP: Design for Life Project code: 113367 ; Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017, EHPG 2017 ; Conference date: 24-09-2017 Through 29-09-2017",
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Liinasuo, M, Koskinen, H & Porthin, M 2017, 'Communication in an Emergency Exercise' Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017, Lillehammer, Norway, 24/09/17 - 29/09/17, .

Communication in an Emergency Exercise. / Liinasuo, Marja; Koskinen, Hanna; Porthin, Markus.

2017. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017, Lillehammer, Norway.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

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T1 - Communication in an Emergency Exercise

AU - Liinasuo, Marja

AU - Koskinen, Hanna

AU - Porthin, Markus

N1 - peer-reviewed: Abstract only SDA: MIP: Design for Life Project code: 113367

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N2 - Emergency exercises provide an efficient means to test and strengthen capabilities for a potential emergency. Essentially, emergency exercises are events with many participants, both inside and outside the nuclear power plant. By rehearsing among several parties, not only the intraorganisational skills and capabilities but also the skills and capabilities relying on interorganisational resources can be practised. One of the main matters affecting the successfulness of emergency (exercise) related operations is coordination and communication among the participating organisations. To balance the fact that emergency exercises aim to deal with unexpected and severe situations, the coordination and communication are designed according to predefined roles and processes, aiming at facilitating the joint endeavour. The Emergency Response Organisation of a plant consists of sub divisions and roles with specific responsibilities. Each role is manned with several nominees so that the absence of one person does not hinder the accomplishment of the tasks of that specific role. Regarding communication practises, one possibility is to allow communication to take place among several professionals between organisations and at the other end of the continuum is to nominate a contact person to perform contacting the contact person of the other party. In this study, the latter strategy is scrutinised. We studied communication and collaboration in an emergency exercise of a nuclear power plant in Finland. The exercise represented the regular, annual exercise with several stakeholders, the most important being the nuclear power plant personnel (Emergency Response Organisation representatives), local governmental emergency response centre (with the responsibility to alarm and dispatch, for instance, police and fire brigade), local fire station, and police. Particularly, we studied the communication of the contact persons of Technical Support Centre and the Emergency Response Centre of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK). The main task of these contact persons was to acquire information about the plant's status during the emergency (exercise) by contacting the contact person of the plant's Emergency Response Centre. As the present exercise scenario was not demanding for the studied parties, nothing can be concluded about the effectiveness of communication. The similarities and differences in verbal communication between these organisations, though, are analysed, and the reasons for these differences discussed. We also studied the appropriateness of an online classification of verbal utterances and found the method used suitable for this purpose. To understand communication it is not enough, though, but at least interviewing is also needed.

AB - Emergency exercises provide an efficient means to test and strengthen capabilities for a potential emergency. Essentially, emergency exercises are events with many participants, both inside and outside the nuclear power plant. By rehearsing among several parties, not only the intraorganisational skills and capabilities but also the skills and capabilities relying on interorganisational resources can be practised. One of the main matters affecting the successfulness of emergency (exercise) related operations is coordination and communication among the participating organisations. To balance the fact that emergency exercises aim to deal with unexpected and severe situations, the coordination and communication are designed according to predefined roles and processes, aiming at facilitating the joint endeavour. The Emergency Response Organisation of a plant consists of sub divisions and roles with specific responsibilities. Each role is manned with several nominees so that the absence of one person does not hinder the accomplishment of the tasks of that specific role. Regarding communication practises, one possibility is to allow communication to take place among several professionals between organisations and at the other end of the continuum is to nominate a contact person to perform contacting the contact person of the other party. In this study, the latter strategy is scrutinised. We studied communication and collaboration in an emergency exercise of a nuclear power plant in Finland. The exercise represented the regular, annual exercise with several stakeholders, the most important being the nuclear power plant personnel (Emergency Response Organisation representatives), local governmental emergency response centre (with the responsibility to alarm and dispatch, for instance, police and fire brigade), local fire station, and police. Particularly, we studied the communication of the contact persons of Technical Support Centre and the Emergency Response Centre of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK). The main task of these contact persons was to acquire information about the plant's status during the emergency (exercise) by contacting the contact person of the plant's Emergency Response Centre. As the present exercise scenario was not demanding for the studied parties, nothing can be concluded about the effectiveness of communication. The similarities and differences in verbal communication between these organisations, though, are analysed, and the reasons for these differences discussed. We also studied the appropriateness of an online classification of verbal utterances and found the method used suitable for this purpose. To understand communication it is not enough, though, but at least interviewing is also needed.

KW - emergency exercise

KW - communication

KW - nuclear

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Liinasuo M, Koskinen H, Porthin M. Communication in an Emergency Exercise. 2017. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2017, Lillehammer, Norway.