Comparative analysis of pyrolysate from herbaceous and woody energy crops by Py-GC with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection

Cristian Torri, Alessio Adamiano, Daniele Fabbri, Christian Lindfors, Andrea Monti, Anja Oasmaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On-line pyrolysis-gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometric (Py-GC-MS) and atomic emission detection (Py-GC-AED) were applied to study the pyrolytic behaviour of different biomass proposed as feedstock in biofuel production (poplar, sweet sorghum, corn stover and switchgrass). Results were reported in terms of carbon yields of organic fractions (Py-GC-AED) and individual pyrolysis products (Py-GC-MS). Global carbon yields of gas and semi/volatile compounds were determined from the chromatograms of Py-GC-AED. The relatively non-volatile fraction eluding GC elution and the solid residue left after pyrolysis (char) were determined by weighting the quartz tube after each Py-GC-AED experiment. The semi-volatile fraction and non-volatile matter were assumed to compose the final bio-oil. The yield of semi-volatile ranged from 26% (poplar) to 19% (corn stover), while gas yields were similar for all biomass types (10-11% on carbon basis). Py-GC-MS was conducted in the presence of an internal standard (o-isoeugenol) in order to quantify principal lignin phenols along with hemi/cellulose degradation products. Acetic acid and hydroxyacetone were the main pyrolysis products with similar yields for all tested biomass. Herbaceous biomass provided 4-vinylphenol and 4-vinylguaiacol as most intense lignin monomers, while sorghum pyrolysate was featured by high yields of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde. In comparison to herbaceous biomass, poplar was predicted to produce high yield of organic bio-oil rich in lignin monomers and with a lower content of non-volatile matter. Among herbaceous biomass, switchgrass was characterised by the lowest ash and nitrogen content and a highest production of bio-oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume88
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Crops
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Lignin
Gas chromatography
Oils
isoeugenol
Carbon
Ashes
Monomers
Gases
Quartz
Biofuels
Phenols
Acetic acid
Cellulose
Acetic Acid
Feedstocks
Nitrogen
Degradation

Keywords

  • Analytical pyrolysis
  • Biofuel
  • Biomass
  • Corn stalk
  • Poplar
  • Sorghum
  • Switchgrass

Cite this

@article{2264c78b0509441193b589980e949328,
title = "Comparative analysis of pyrolysate from herbaceous and woody energy crops by Py-GC with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection",
abstract = "On-line pyrolysis-gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometric (Py-GC-MS) and atomic emission detection (Py-GC-AED) were applied to study the pyrolytic behaviour of different biomass proposed as feedstock in biofuel production (poplar, sweet sorghum, corn stover and switchgrass). Results were reported in terms of carbon yields of organic fractions (Py-GC-AED) and individual pyrolysis products (Py-GC-MS). Global carbon yields of gas and semi/volatile compounds were determined from the chromatograms of Py-GC-AED. The relatively non-volatile fraction eluding GC elution and the solid residue left after pyrolysis (char) were determined by weighting the quartz tube after each Py-GC-AED experiment. The semi-volatile fraction and non-volatile matter were assumed to compose the final bio-oil. The yield of semi-volatile ranged from 26{\%} (poplar) to 19{\%} (corn stover), while gas yields were similar for all biomass types (10-11{\%} on carbon basis). Py-GC-MS was conducted in the presence of an internal standard (o-isoeugenol) in order to quantify principal lignin phenols along with hemi/cellulose degradation products. Acetic acid and hydroxyacetone were the main pyrolysis products with similar yields for all tested biomass. Herbaceous biomass provided 4-vinylphenol and 4-vinylguaiacol as most intense lignin monomers, while sorghum pyrolysate was featured by high yields of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde. In comparison to herbaceous biomass, poplar was predicted to produce high yield of organic bio-oil rich in lignin monomers and with a lower content of non-volatile matter. Among herbaceous biomass, switchgrass was characterised by the lowest ash and nitrogen content and a highest production of bio-oil.",
keywords = "Analytical pyrolysis, Biofuel, Biomass, Corn stalk, Poplar, Sorghum, Switchgrass",
author = "Cristian Torri and Alessio Adamiano and Daniele Fabbri and Christian Lindfors and Andrea Monti and Anja Oasmaa",
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Comparative analysis of pyrolysate from herbaceous and woody energy crops by Py-GC with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection. / Torri, Cristian; Adamiano, Alessio; Fabbri, Daniele; Lindfors, Christian; Monti, Andrea; Oasmaa, Anja.

In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 88, No. 2, 01.07.2010, p. 175-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative analysis of pyrolysate from herbaceous and woody energy crops by Py-GC with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection

AU - Torri, Cristian

AU - Adamiano, Alessio

AU - Fabbri, Daniele

AU - Lindfors, Christian

AU - Monti, Andrea

AU - Oasmaa, Anja

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AB - On-line pyrolysis-gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometric (Py-GC-MS) and atomic emission detection (Py-GC-AED) were applied to study the pyrolytic behaviour of different biomass proposed as feedstock in biofuel production (poplar, sweet sorghum, corn stover and switchgrass). Results were reported in terms of carbon yields of organic fractions (Py-GC-AED) and individual pyrolysis products (Py-GC-MS). Global carbon yields of gas and semi/volatile compounds were determined from the chromatograms of Py-GC-AED. The relatively non-volatile fraction eluding GC elution and the solid residue left after pyrolysis (char) were determined by weighting the quartz tube after each Py-GC-AED experiment. The semi-volatile fraction and non-volatile matter were assumed to compose the final bio-oil. The yield of semi-volatile ranged from 26% (poplar) to 19% (corn stover), while gas yields were similar for all biomass types (10-11% on carbon basis). Py-GC-MS was conducted in the presence of an internal standard (o-isoeugenol) in order to quantify principal lignin phenols along with hemi/cellulose degradation products. Acetic acid and hydroxyacetone were the main pyrolysis products with similar yields for all tested biomass. Herbaceous biomass provided 4-vinylphenol and 4-vinylguaiacol as most intense lignin monomers, while sorghum pyrolysate was featured by high yields of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde. In comparison to herbaceous biomass, poplar was predicted to produce high yield of organic bio-oil rich in lignin monomers and with a lower content of non-volatile matter. Among herbaceous biomass, switchgrass was characterised by the lowest ash and nitrogen content and a highest production of bio-oil.

KW - Analytical pyrolysis

KW - Biofuel

KW - Biomass

KW - Corn stalk

KW - Poplar

KW - Sorghum

KW - Switchgrass

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