Comparative analysis of standardized indicators for Smart sustainable cities: What indicators and standards to use and when?

Aapo Huovila (Corresponding Author), Peter Bosch, Miimu Airaksinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)
    514 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    City managers need indicators for target setting, performance assessment, monitoring, management and decision-making purposes. The choice of the most suitable indicator framework is crucial, but difficult, as it requires expert knowledge. To help cities in their choice, this paper compares seven recently published indicator standards for Smart sustainable cities. A taxonomy was developed to evaluate each of their 413 indicators against five conceptual urban focuses (types of urban sustainability and smartness), ten sectoral application domains (energy, transport, ICT, economy, etc.) and five indicator types (input, process, output, outcome, impact). The results clearly discriminate between indicator standards suited for evaluating the implementation of predominantly smart city approaches versus standards more focused on sustainability assessment. A further distinction is possible in standards almost fully oriented towards impacts reached, and standards that allow for progress evaluation according to steps in the implementation process. Some standards provide a narrow focus on output indicators evaluating the progress in implementing smart urban ICT solutions (e.g. number of smart meters installed). Cities are encouraged to complement such evaluations with impact indicators that demonstrate the effects of those solutions. This paper provides guidance for city managers and policy makers to select the indicators and standard that best correspond to their assessment need and goals, and align with their stage in Smart sustainable city implementation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)141-153
    JournalCities
    Volume89
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    sustainability
    manager
    city
    indicator
    analysis
    Comparative analysis
    implementation process
    expert knowledge
    performance assessment
    evaluation
    taxonomy
    decision making
    monitoring
    energy
    economy
    management
    need
    Managers
    Evaluation
    smart city

    Keywords

    • Urban indicator
    • Smart sustainable cities
    • Standardization
    • Monitoring
    • Decision making
    • Sustainable Development Goals

    Cite this

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    title = "Comparative analysis of standardized indicators for Smart sustainable cities: What indicators and standards to use and when?",
    abstract = "City managers need indicators for target setting, performance assessment, monitoring, management and decision-making purposes. The choice of the most suitable indicator framework is crucial, but difficult, as it requires expert knowledge. To help cities in their choice, this paper compares seven recently published indicator standards for Smart sustainable cities. A taxonomy was developed to evaluate each of their 413 indicators against five conceptual urban focuses (types of urban sustainability and smartness), ten sectoral application domains (energy, transport, ICT, economy, etc.) and five indicator types (input, process, output, outcome, impact). The results clearly discriminate between indicator standards suited for evaluating the implementation of predominantly smart city approaches versus standards more focused on sustainability assessment. A further distinction is possible in standards almost fully oriented towards impacts reached, and standards that allow for progress evaluation according to steps in the implementation process. Some standards provide a narrow focus on output indicators evaluating the progress in implementing smart urban ICT solutions (e.g. number of smart meters installed). Cities are encouraged to complement such evaluations with impact indicators that demonstrate the effects of those solutions. This paper provides guidance for city managers and policy makers to select the indicators and standard that best correspond to their assessment need and goals, and align with their stage in Smart sustainable city implementation.",
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    Comparative analysis of standardized indicators for Smart sustainable cities : What indicators and standards to use and when? / Huovila, Aapo (Corresponding Author); Bosch, Peter; Airaksinen, Miimu.

    In: Cities, Vol. 89, 06.2019, p. 141-153.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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